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The Complex Sentence Sentence Type #3 What Is a Clause? A simple sentence is called an INDEPENDENT CLAUSE. A compound sentence is TWO INDEPENDENT CLAUSES.

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Presentation on theme: "The Complex Sentence Sentence Type #3 What Is a Clause? A simple sentence is called an INDEPENDENT CLAUSE. A compound sentence is TWO INDEPENDENT CLAUSES."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The Complex Sentence Sentence Type #3

3 What Is a Clause? A simple sentence is called an INDEPENDENT CLAUSE. A compound sentence is TWO INDEPENDENT CLAUSES separated by? A comma first and then a F.A.N.B.O.Y.S. (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) conjunction. A complex sentence has ONE INDEPENDENT CLAUSE and ONE DEPENDENT or SUBORDINATE CLAUSE. F.A.N.B.O.Y.S. Join words, phrases, And ideas!

4 What Does Subordinate/Dependent Mean? If you are subordinate to the teacher, what does that mean you are? If I am subordinate to Mr. Pauley, what does that mean I am? If one idea is subordinate to another, what does that mean? Subordinate = secondary, lesser, inferior, or minor – all things subordinate are under a higher authority. If you are dependent on your parents, you are? Needy, reliant, dependent

5 So What Does a Complex Sentence Look Like? Although she is very talented, she will not win the contest. Although she is very talented = subordinate/dependent clause She will not win the contest. = independent clause/simple sentence Which word is the subordinate conjunction? Although

6 Which Is Independent and Which Is Subordinate? I like the kitten with the stripes even though he seems like the rowdiest, craziest one. I like the kitten with the stripes = independent clause/simple sentence Even though he seems like the rowdiest, crazy one = subordinate/dependent clause Which word is the subordinate conjunction? Even though

7 Lets Try One More: When he had finished his dinner, he cleaned up his plate, put it in the dishwasher, and wiped off the table. When he had finished his dinner = subordinate/dependent clause he cleaned up his plate, put it in the dishwasher, and wiped off the table = independent/simple sentence Which word is the subordinate conjunction? When

8 Subordinate Conjunctions A subordinate clause contains a subject and a verb. The subordinate clause can be an adverb clause which begins with one of the following subordinate conjunctions: Afterbeforeuntil Althoughifwhen Asin order that whenever As ifsincewhere As thoughso thatwherever As long asthanwhile As soon asthougheven though because unless Or an adjective clause, acting as a description, beginning with: Thatwhichwhowhomwhose Or a noun clause, acting as a simple subject or direct object, beginning with: Whatwhatever whicheverwhoever whomever That whichwhowhomwhose Howwhetherwhenwherewhy

9 So What about Commas? Look at the following complex sentences and you figure out the comma rule: As long as we get to sit together, I am happy to go to the play. I am happy to go to the play as long as we get to sit together. My dog will not leave the yard unless I tell him to. Unless I tell him to, my dog will not leave the yard.

10 So What Is the Comma Rule for Complex Sentences? If the subordinate clause/dependent clause starts the sentence, place a comma after it. If the independent clause/simple sentence starts the sentence, do not use a comma.

11 So Lets See the Commas Again As long as we get to sit together, I am happy to go to the play. I am happy to go to the play as long as we get to sit together. My dog will not leave the yard unless I tell him to. Unless I tell him to, my dog will not leave the yard. Rule: If the subordinate clause/dependent clause starts the sentence, place a comma after. If the independent clause comes first, no commas.

12 How about a compound- complex sentence? As you may suspect, the last sentence type is a combination of a compound sentence and a complex sentence. Example: After I opened the letter from UF, I was so excited, and immediately I knew that my college decision was made!

13 A Few More Examples: He told me who stole my bike but I didnt believe him! Publix is an excellent company and because my dad is already a manager there I hope to get a job there too. Since you have not paid me back I do not want to lend you anymore money but if you pay me back the first loan Ill think about it.

14 Lets Practice Identifying & Punctuating Sentences!


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