Presentation on theme: "Where to start with robotics?.... or how to get involved at a relatively high level for a relatively low cost? The simplest robots to build are wheeled."— Presentation transcript:
Where to start with robotics?.... or how to get involved at a relatively high level for a relatively low cost? The simplest robots to build are wheeled robots The simplest steerable robots to build are two-wheels in a differential drive configuration Intelligence is cheap – microcontrollers Simplify by having a tightly controlled environment – yet give the problem a wide dynamic range. This gives us Micromouse....
What is Micromouse? A micromouse is an autonomous mobile robot designed to negotiate a maze of known dimensions but of unknown configuration. The maze is a square 16 cells by 16 cells, the start is in one corner, the finish is the central 2x2 square. The mouse must negotiate the maze unaided, map it, solve it, return to the start, and complete a fast run to the centre – and then usually theres more ….. Micromouse is the competition – the rules to which vary slightly, dependent on where in the world it is held.
Micromouse: the early years 1950Dr. Claude Shannon (yes, that one!) from MIT built the first maze solving machine consisting of a sensing finger that was moved by two motors Dr. Claude Shannon built a mouse that used relay memory built into the maze. This allegedly led to new ideas for using the logical power of computers Machine Design magazine sponsored Le Mouse 5000 for mechanical mice powered by clock springs – an early Great Egg Race The Great Clock Climbing Contest sponsored again by Machine Design magazine, spurred the IEEE Spectrum magazine to propose a new competition for microprocessor controlled vehicles to map and solve a complex maze. The competition was announced in 1977 – The Amazing Micromouse Maze Contest. 1979Amazing Micromouse Maze Contest, New York entries, 15 entrants, 6 finishers. Slightly more difficult than most had imagined – hours work, and up to $500
Micromouse: the middle years 1980Euromicro, London (similar rules to current). 100 entries received, 9 mice competed at the finals, and only one – Sterling Mouse, by Nick Smith (UK), found the centre of the maze. Delegates from Japan took the rules back, and organised the first All Japan contest that same year. 18 mice entered – none were successful. 1981Competition held in Paris. There were 13 competitors. Nick Smiths Sterling Mouse won again, being the faster of the 8 mice to reach the centre of the maze. Dave Woodfields Thumper (UK) won the second UK contest in Wembley. 1982Alan Dibley (UK) won the 1982 British competition with his Thezeus mice First World Micromouse Competition, Japan. Competitors from Europe and the US, but the Japanese claimed all top honours – slightly different story to Dave Woodfield of UK was 7 th with Enterprise. 1986First US competition, Atlantic City, organised by the IEEE.
Micromouse: the later years 1987First Singapore competition: Won by MIR3+ from Nanyang Technological Institute 1987World Micromouse Championships, IEE, Savoy Place. Dave Otten of the US was 1 st and 2 nd with MITEE I and II. 1989IEE UK Competition: Won by members of a Singapore team, taking 6 of the top 8 places 1991World Championship held in Hong Kong IEE run their last UK Micromouse Competition at Exeter University RHUL host the UK Senior competition MMU host the UK Schools competition TIC host the UK Senior competition 2007 Senior and Schools competitions merge : New mouse builders, New Competitions
Summary UK peaked in late 80s, then faded to International competition. Since 2004 renewed interest has led to a new batch of UK mice, from old hands and newcomers. We recently had the Minos07 conference, at which Derek Hall of the UK tied with Dave Otten of the US for first place. US still strong in IEEE University championships, and APEC Micromouse. Japan, Singapore, Hong Kong continued their huge interest and success. India has a very large following now, and recent interest from China suggests micromouse is becoming popular there. Teams and individuals from Iran, Iraq, Sri Lanka, Holland, France, Norway, Ireland, US, and Singapore have attended recent UK competitions.
Summary There are now over 100 annual international robotics competitions, many of which have micromouse events, and many more national and regional events. Comparable maze times have fallen from more than 40 seconds to less than 10 in the past 20 years It is our aim to help the UK get back to the topmost level of international competition, by encouraging our talented younsters into engineering by showing them that engineering can be challenging yet it can also be hugely satisfying and FUN!
A1.1: Worldwide Events Apr 1-8, 2007 Africa Cup International Robotics CompetitionAfrica Cup International Robotics Competition Apr 10-12, 2007 DTU RoboCupApr 12, 2007 BattleBotsIQDTU RoboCupBattleBotsIQ Apr 12-14, 2007 FIRST Robotics CompetitionFIRST Robotics Competition Apr 14, 2007 AustrobotAustrobot Apr CRAC Maisonneuve Sumo CompetitionCRAC Maisonneuve Sumo Competition Apr 14, 2007 CybAiRBotCybAiRBot Apr 14-15, 2007 Trinity College Fire Fighting Home Robot ContestTrinity College Fire Fighting Home Robot Contest Apr 14, 2007 UC Davis Picnic Day MicroMouse contestUC Davis Picnic Day MicroMouse contest Apr 20, 2007 Carnegie Mellon Mobot RacesCarnegie Mellon Mobot Races Apr 21, 2007 RoboRodentiaRoboRodentia Apr 25, 2007 IstrobotIstrobot Apr 26, 2007 UNI Mini SumoUNI Mini Sumo Apr 27-30, 2007 Robotica National Festival of RoboticsRobotica National Festival of Robotics Apr 27, 2007 RobotRacingRobotRacing Apr 28, 2007 Historical Electronics Museum Robot FestivalHistorical Electronics Museum Robot Festival Apr 28, 2007 RoboFestRoboFest Apr 28, 2007 ROBOMO Maze Solving CompetitionROBOMO Maze Solving Competition Apr 28, 2007 The Tech Museum of Innovation's Annual Tech ChallengeThe Tech Museum of Innovation's Annual Tech Challenge Apr, 2007 Battle BeachBattle Beach
A1.2: Worldwide Events May 4, 2007 Robot-SMRobot-SM May 4, 2007 SPURTSPURT May 5, 2007 Eastern Canadian Robot GamesEastern Canadian Robot Games May 8-9, 2007 Haifa Robot CompetitionHaifa Robot Competition May 11-12, 2007 Swiss EurobotSwiss Eurobot May 12, 2007 ChiboticaChibotica May 12, 2007 Western Canadian Robot GamesWestern Canadian Robot Games May 16, 2007 Micro-RatoMicro-Rato May 16-20, 2007 EurobotEurobot May 19-20, 2007 MechwarsMechwars May 19-20, 2007 PDXBOTPDXBOT May 21, 2007 NATCARNATCAR May 23-27, 2007 ABURoboconABURobocon May, 2007 Atlanta Robot RallyAtlanta Robot Rally May, 2007 DPRG Robot Talent ShowDPRG Robot Talent Show May, 2007 KCRS Robot Exhibition and CompetitionKCRS Robot Exhibition and Competition May, 2007 LVBots ChallengeLVBots Challenge May, 2007 Micro Air Vehicle CompetitionMicro Air Vehicle Competition
A1.3: Worldwide Events Jun 2, 2007 ION Autonomous Lawnmower CompetitionION Autonomous Lawnmower Competition Jun 2, 2007 Milford Autonomous Robotics CompetitionMilford Autonomous Robotics Competition Jun 8-11, 2007 AUVS International Ground Robotics CompetitionAUVS International Ground Robotics Competition Jun 14-17, 2007 FIRA Robot World CupFIRA Robot World Cup Jun 15-17, 2007 RoboGamesRoboGames Jun 22-24, 2007 MATE ROV CompetitionMATE ROV Competition Jun 30, 2007 UK National Micromouse CompetitionUK National Micromouse Competition Jun, 2007 Mobile Robotics Software ChallengeMobile Robotics Software Challenge Jun, 2007 RoboBombeiroRoboBombeiro Jun, 2007 Vancouver Robotic GamesVancouver Robotic Games Jul 1-10, 2007 RoboCup Robot Soccer World CupRoboCup Robot Soccer World Cup Jul 11-15, 2007 AUVS International Undersea Robotics CompetitionAUVS International Undersea Robotics Competition Jul 10-13, 2007 Botball National TournamentBotball National Tournament Jul 16-20, 2007 K'Nex K*bot World ChampionshipsK'Nex K*bot World Championships Jul 21-22, 2007 War-Bots XtremeWar-Bots Xtreme Jul 22-26, 2007 AAAI Mobile Robot CompetitionAAAI Mobile Robot Competition Jul 23-27, 2007 AUVS International Aerial Robotics CompetitionAUVS International Aerial Robotics Competition Jul, 2007 Singapore Inter-School Micromouse CompetitionSingapore Inter-School Micromouse Competition
A1.4: Worldwide Events Aug 19, 2007 RoboCountryRoboCountry Aug, 2007 Robot Fighting League NationalRobot Fighting League National Sep 3, 2007 DragonCon Robot BattlesDragonCon Robot Battles Sep 21-23, 2007 RobothonRobothon Sep, 2007 RoboCup Junior AustraliaRoboCup Junior Australia Sep, 2007 RoboPraxisRoboPraxis Sep, 2007 SWARC Texas CupSWARC Texas Cup Oct 26-28, 2007 Critter CrunchCritter Crunch Oct, 2007 DPRG RoboRamaDPRG RoboRama Oct, 2007 Elevator:2010 Climber CompetitionElevator:2010 Climber Competition Oct, 2007 Robot-LigaRobot-Liga Oct, 2007 Russian Olympiad of RobotsRussian Olympiad of Robots Nov, 2007 AESS National Robotics ContestAESS National Robotics Contest Nov, 2007 All Japan MicroMouse ContestAll Japan MicroMouse Contest Nov, 2007 Hawaii Underwater Robot ChallengeHawaii Underwater Robot Challenge Nov, 2007 PAReX Autonomous Robotics CompetitionPAReX Autonomous Robotics Competition Nov, 2007 RobotexRobotex Dec, 2007 ARADBOTARADBOT Dec, 2007 LEGO MY EGG-O Robotic Egg HuntLEGO MY EGG-O Robotic Egg Hunt Dec, 2007 Penn State Abington Robo-HoopsPenn State Abington Robo-Hoops Dec, 2007 ROBOEXOTICAROBOEXOTICA
A1.5:Worldwide Events Dec, 2007 South's BEST competitionSouth's BEST competition Dec, 2007 Texas BEST competitionTexas BEST competition Jan, 2008 Robot Sumo in DCRobot Sumo in DC Jan, 2008 Singapore Robotic GamesSingapore Robotic Games Jan, 2008 TechfestTechfest Feb 24-28, 2008 APEC Micromouse ContestAPEC Micromouse Contest Feb, 2008 PragyanPragyan Feb, 2008 RobotixRobotix Mar 15-16, 2008 Manitoba Robot GamesManitoba Robot Games Mar, 2008 AMD Jerry Sanders Creative Design ContestAMD Jerry Sanders Creative Design Contest Mar, 2008 Boonshoft Museum Robot RumbleBoonshoft Museum Robot Rumble Mar, 2008 CIRC Central Illinois Bot BrawlCIRC Central Illinois Bot Brawl Mar, 2008 National Robotics ChallengeNational Robotics Challenge Mar, 2008 Penn State Abington Fire-Fighting Robot ContestPenn State Abington Fire-Fighting Robot Contest Mar, 2008 Penn State Abington Mini Grand ChallengePenn State Abington Mini Grand Challenge Mar, 2008 RoboticonRoboticon Mar, 2008 RoboWarsRoboWars Apr, 2008 AlcabotAlcabot Apr, 2008 HISPABOTHISPABOT Jun 1-6, 2008 CIG Car Racing CompetitionCIG Car Racing Competition Copyright notice Copyright (C) by R. Steven Rainwater.Verbatim copying and distribution of this entire document is permitted in any medium, provided this notice is preserved.
Micromouse: an overview The maze: 16 x 16 cells, each cell 180x180mm, with walls 50mm high and 12mm thick. The micromouse: must fit inside a 250mm x 250mm enclosure, but with no height restriction Rules have been developed for several classes of contact wall- follower, non-contact wall follower, and non-contact maze solver. NORTH *
11x11 maze: Junior The 11x11 is approx. 2m square, and is just about portable as a one piece assembly, leading to fast setup times.
16x16 maze: Senior The 16x16 maze is approx. 3m square, and must be constructed in at least 4 sections, with a sub-frame for strength.
Schools Micromouse Tape tracks: Formula 1 (the RAT Race) metre straight tracks side by side. Tape mazes: Formula 2, Formula 3 180mm cells from 50mm tape Walled Follower track: Formula 4 180mm cells, walls 50mm by 12mm, known configuration Schools Micromouse was created to encourage individuals and teams from schools to engage with the design and construction of micromice, as part of the curriculum.
Tracks and Tape mazes
MICE A wide variety of mice compete
Micromouse in perspective 10ft wide country lanes Hedges on both sides 250mph Keep the car exactly 3ft from the hedge.... by looking out of the side window (and that is just for straights)
UK Micromouse Categories: Senior Junior (under-18) Schools Events: Maze SolverOPEN Non-Contact Wall FollowerOPEN Contact Wall FollowerOPEN Formula 4SCHOOLS Formula 1OPEN Line FollowerOPEN 1. Only registered SCHOOL teams may enter the SCHOOLS events. 2. OPEN competitions will have Senior and Junior (Under-18) categories. 3. SCHOOL teams/individuals are also eligible for entry in the JUNIOR category. 4. The OPEN and SCHOOLS events may run together, but will be judged separately.