Presentation on theme: "Teaching Dyslexic students in the English Language Classroom Donatella Fitzgerald Oxford University Press."— Presentation transcript:
Teaching Dyslexic students in the English Language Classroom Donatella Fitzgerald Oxford University Press
Quiz Work in pairs to answer the questions! Prizes!!!
Answers 1. a) Greek : dys (meaning poor or inadequate) lexis (meaning words or language) b) a slight disorder of the brain that causes difficulty in reading and spelling, for example but does not affect intelligence. (Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary 8° edition)
Famous people with dyslexia
1 – c 2 – a 3 – b 4. British Dyslexic Association: There is no magic age.
5: all are indicators 6: 5% of school age children in Italy (approx 350,000 students) 7 b) lower case 8 c) mind maps d) Listen and Read
Today`s workshop The effects of Dylexia Associated issues Dyslexia at school How teachers can help dyslexic students at school: Which activities help dyslexic students learn: Practical ideas Support from Oxford University Press
The effects of Dyslexia Core difficulty: word recognition, reading, fluency, spelling and writing Problems in classroom, workplace Affect a persons self image Demotivate students
A teacher sent the following note home with a six-year-old boy: "He is too stupid to learn." That boy was Thomas A. Edison.
Students have difficulties in: Learning words/letters/sounds Spelling football/futbol, mirrored letters or reversed (p-b-d-g-w-n-m) Reading/word recognition, misreads e.g. look and lock, house and horse. Pronunciation Learning sequences of words/letters Recognizing dyslexic students
The brain Left hemisphere More analytical Right hemisphere Visual creative
Dyslexia at school Strengths centred at the centre of the brain.
What areas of learning do dyslexic students need help with? 1. Reading 2.
Dyslexic students need strategies to help with: Reading Writing Spelling Dealing with symbols Letters Numbers Musical notation Learning phonics Following instructions Listening carefully Responding accurately and putting things in order
How can teachers help dyslexic students at school? Adequate help and encouragement in developing learning strategies Give exact and short instructions. Adopt a multisensory approach to teaching Apply an individual approach. Dont teach similar things one after the other Let student learn by doing.
if the dyslexic child does not learn the way you teach, can you teach him the way he learns? H.T Chasty – consultant in learning abilities and difficulties
A student with dyslexia can be a positive, contributing, and valued class member is an intelligent person who does not learn in the same way as others learns by doing
Students with dyslexia have difficulty in English in the following areas: Reading Learning new vocabulary Grammar Writing Speaking Confidence
Reading and secondary school Speed of reading Scanning Dictionaries Reading for gist Reading for details Confuse similar words sun\son
A window Marker
Reading Dyslexia friendly text Thick paper Matt/not glossy Cream/soft pastel (blue or pink) Plain font eg. Arial or comic sans Font size point Avoid green/red/pink difficult for colour blinded students
Grammar Grammar tables Colour coding (always use the same colours).
A morphological chain
The alphabet Difficulty in learning sequences Draw letters on your back Plastic letters Putting words in alphabetical order Alphabet ruler: for using dictionaries
An alphabet ruler
Vocabulary Poor memory Revision techniques Memo: vocabulary notebook Learn words as a morphological chain Road signs (lower case) Word cards
The shape of the word
Vocabulary in a box
Writing Problems planning work Spelling Go through their plan orally Key words Mind maps
Speaking Whole class activities:drills and choral repetition Do not pick on a dyslexic student individually
Confidence Introduce strategies into everyday class activities. Digital books can help
Apply a multi-sensory approach Look, listen say Listen and sing Look, point and say Listen and colour Listen and do Play the game
Oxford Test Makers Change font of tests Use strutturati exercises Reduce number of exercises Print on pale blue/pink/cream paper
Homework Difficulty in copying Write on the board carefully Write in the same place Give enough homework to practice the concept: but not too much! A homework diary A homework buddy (facebook)
My Digital Book supporting dyslexic language learners All course components with audio Zoom-in function of all pages Sounds chart The alphabet with audio Numbers with audio Wordlists with audio Colour-coded sections
A student with dyslexia can be a positive, contributing, and valued class member; is an intelligent person who does not learn in the same way as others; learns by doing.
If you can dream it, you can do it. - Walt Disney