Football is a sport played between two teams of eleven players with a ball.
Beginnings The very first game was played in England in the mid-nineteenth century, and first rules of how to play were written down. They were intended to unify the rules of the game, because many British students and pupils of private schools played this game in a very chaotic way.
Game rules Matches are played on the playing field set in a rectangular shape. The two shorter lines are called lines a goal and two longer – sidelines. On opposite sides of the playing field in the middle of the goal lines, are set goals. The team has 11 players, including goalkeeper. The team may also designate up to 7 substitutes. Names of all players must be included in the report given to the match referee. During the meeting, the team can make substitutions. Once substituted, the player cannot play again in the same match. During the game you can hit the ball with your head, kick with your leg, and even hit it with your chest etc. However, if you deliberately touch it with your hands, it will cause a penalty. Only goalkeeper can touch the ball with his hands.
Dress Players of one team (except the goalkeeper) must have the same outfit during the match. Outfit consists of a t-shirt, shorts, leggings and football shoes. T-shirt must have sleeves and be in the shorts during the match. It must have a different colour than the shorts. T- shirt must have a number.
Penalties For various offences on the playing field a player can get red or a yellow card. In football there are a lot of offences: kicking the opponent, hitting other players, pushing, inappropriate body attack, holding the opponent, spitting or touching the ball with hands. If a player commits this type of action the judge may use a yellow card. Yellow card is a symbol of warning, and acts as reminder that if the offence will happen again, then the player will get a red car which will eliminate him from further play in the match.
Offside A player who passes the ball to his team member, who is in the offside position can be punished only when, in the opinion of the judge, he deliberately: interferes in the game, interfers with an opponent, benefits from being in that position.
Time rules Game lasts 90 minutes (two halves, each of 45 minutes). The judge can extend each half of the match. After additional time a winner is a team that has scored more goals. In the league system, the winner team gets 3 point, the losing team gets none. Drawn means that both teams get 1 point each. In the league system, both teams play 2 matches with eath other.