2When to use it Vehicle Incidents Temporary Road Closures Detours FloodingFireStorm DamageSpecial EventsDetours
3U.S. Highway CrashesLeading cause of death for people age 3 through 33 in the US.About 33,963 deaths per yearAbout 93 deaths per dayAbout 1 death every 15 minutes2009 Traffic Safety facts
4Who is at risk Responders Public Victims of the crash/incident “motoring public” in traffic backlogs/detoursOther road usersVictims of the crash/incident1 lane of closure for 20 minutes = $10,000 in lost revenue
5Uniform Safety Green Reflective Vest Closed Toe Shoes Whistle Flashlight with Wand at night
6Pedestrian in Dark Clothes at Night UniformPedestrian in Dark Clothes at Night
7Uniform – Garment Classes Three classes of high-visibility safety apparel.Garments that cover the torso, such as safety vests, are intended to meet Class 1 or Class 2 requirements.Class 3 covers full body
8Class 1 GarmentsIntended for use in activities that permit the wearer’s full and undivided attention to approaching traffic. There should be ample separation of the worker from traffic, which should be traveling no faster than 25 miles per hour.Parking lot attendants; People retrieving shopping carts from parking lots
9Class 2 GarmentsIntended for use in activities where greater visibility is necessary during inclement weather conditions or in work environments with risks that exceed those for Class 1 or perform tasks that divert their attention from approaching traffic, or that put them in close proximity to passing vehicles traveling faster than 25 mph.
10Class 3 GarmentsThe highest level of visibility in the ANSI standard, and are intended for workers who face serious hazards and often have high task loads that require attention away from their work. Garments for these workers should provide enhanced visibility to more of the body, such as the arms and legs.
12Uniform Responder in NFPA Compliant Turnout Gear Responder in NFPA – Compliant Turnout Gear and ANSI Class 3 vestResponder in Navy Blue Duty Uniform
13Driver Expectancy Stopping Sight Distance Two Components The distance traveled from the time a driver first detects the need to stop until the vehicle actually stops.Two ComponentsPerception/Reaction DistanceBraking/Skidding Distance
14Perception/Reaction Distance Distance travelled by a vehicle from the instant a driver sees an object to the instant the brakes are applied.
15What’s the Typical Driver’s Perception/ Reaction Time? 0.5 seconds 1.0 seconds 1.5 seconds 2.0 seconds 2.5 seconds 4.0 seconds Be prepared for drivers who don’t stop…As much as 2.5 seconds
16Perception/Reaction Time At 60 mph, how far will a car travel during perception/reaction time?60 mph = 88 feet/secondIn 2.5 seconds,Distance = 220 feet
17A vehicle will travel the following distances in 2.5 seconds… MphFeet10372074301104014750184602026523975276Almost the length of a football field!
18Braking DistanceDistance traveled by a vehicle from the instant the brakes lock up until the vehicle stops.
19A vehicle will skid the following distances… MphFeet1072038308640154502406034675540Distances are for wet weather conditions.
20Perception + Braking =MphFeet1045201153020040305504256057075820Almost 3 times the length of a football field!
21At night – How far can you see headlights? 100 feet200 feet1000 feet½ mile1 mile5 miles10 miles
22At night – How far away can you see headlights? Using low beams100 feet 200 feet 1000 feet ½ mile 1 mile 5 miles 10 miles300 feet with high beams
23Flagger FundamentalsPrimary function is to provide safety for incident response personnel, motorists and pedestrians traveling through area.Flaggers are responsible for life safety.Flaggers must stop traffic intermittently and maintain flow at reduced speeds.
24Flagger Fundamentals Flagger must be CLEARLY seen by: Standing out from the backgroundStanding at a distance sufficient to permit driver response and speed reduction time
25Flagger Position Primary concern of your safety! Visible In advance of incident area or at intersectionAway from roadway obstructions – uncluttered.
26Flagger Position Use shoulder adjacent to traffic. Have escape route In intersection, stand in center of intersection only if accompanied by professional.Have escape routeStand alone (unless working in tandem)Face oncoming trafficWatch for turnsAbove all, be seen and be safe!
27Hands, Tools and Gear In traffic control you may use: Hand signals WhistlesVoice commandsFlashlights, flaresCones, barricadesOr even a vehicle
28Hand Signals Art of the Hand Signal Make eye contact with the driver Give only one direction at a time
29Hand SignalsSTOPPoint – arm and finger extended – look straight driverHold until driver seesRaise pointing hand so palm is toward driverHold this position until driver stops
30Hand Signals STOP two directions Stop traffic coming form one direction firstHold hand in stop position, turn to other side – repeatDon’t lower either arm until both lanes have stopped
31Hand SignalsSTARTPlace yourself so one side is toward traffic to be started:Point with arm and finger toward first carWith palm up, swing hand up and over chin, bending arm at elbowAfter traffic starts from one side, turn to other side and repeat
32Hand Signals KEEP MOVING Continue using same hand signal for slow or timid
33Hand Signals – Turns Stop traffic in lanes car is to cross Left Turn: Give stop signal with right arm to stop traffic in lane being crossedHold stop signal with right arm and give turning gesture with left armRight Turn:Turn around to face in direction car is to goHalt traffic with right arm and give turning gesture with left arm
34Hand Signals In a intersection with only one lane in each direction: Left turners can block trafficWhile driver is waiting, signal driver into middle of intersectionPoint at driver, motion to move forward and point to place where you want them to stopPermit left turn when safe
35The WhistleWho keeps a whistle in their CERT Gear?
36The Whistle Whistle use: One long blast with “stop” command Two short blast with the “start” commandSeveral shot blasts to get the “attention” of a driverA short, intermittent, blast to “keep the traffic moving”
37Voice Commands Seldom heard in traffic Hand signals and whistles are most efficientShouted orders may antagonize a driverWhen a driver or pedestrian don’t understand a command, move closer to them and explain
38Flashlights Flashlights can be used to direct traffic at night Flashlights with colored extensions work for evening, foggy or rainy weather
39Flashlights Don’t stand directly in front of approaching vehicle Direct TrafficHalt TrafficDon’t stand directly in front of approaching vehicleSwing the flashlight at arm’s length across the path of the approaching vehicleAvoid blinding the driver with flashlight beamAllow flashlight beam to wash across the pavement as an elongated moving spotUse a traffic cone to enhance safetyOnce traffic has stopped, step in front of car and guide next lane of traffic
40FlaresFlares can be used to warn oncoming traffic in situations where hazards are:On shoulder or side of roadIn a traffic laneNight or day
41Flares DO NOT USE: Around flammable liquids or solids In a hazardous environmental areas such as dry grassesDo not lay against traffic dots or on top of painted lane markings
42Thank you! Sgt. David Willat, Sonoma Community College CERT University of Kentucky, Kentucky Transportation Center