Breaking the training programme into periods of time that will help the athlete reach their peak performance at a certain time
ATHLETICS GOLF SWIMMING CYCLING TENNIS What makes these sports easier to peak for than, football or rugby?
Some sports have obvious times when you want to peak such as a World Cup, Olympics World Championships or Commonwealth Games. Other sports have long seasons where peaking is less obvious as these sports are based on league tables such as football and rugby. Saying that both rugby codes have play offs so peaking at the end of the season is more important but you must have qualified
When you know what or when you want to peak you can start to develop a training programme for instance: :theyve been thinking about this since Beijing 2008 Chris Hoy – Cycling Christine Ohorogu – Running Rebecca Adlignton – Swimming
Macro-cycle Meso-cycle Micro-cycle 1 WEEK 4-6 WEEKS 1 YEAR UNIT 1 DAY
The length of each cycle will depend on their aims. Macro-cycle A yearly programme with the aim of peaking for a specific event. Ex. 1 year Meso-cycle – a phase (4 – 6 week blocks) Micro-cycle A training week within the meso-cycle Training unit a day within that week
Establish current year and long term priorities for athlete preparation. Consider Physical preparation Technical preparation Tactical preparation Mental preparation Competitions Other
Determine dates of all major phases of the training year. General Preparation Specific Preparation YOU MUST Precompetition REMEMBER Competition THESE Peak 6 PHASES Recovery or Transition Phase
There are 6 separate phases that are placed within 3 areas
Phases 1 & 2 - PREPARATION Phase 1 – General Preparation General fitness work This phase is usually known as training to train Phase 2 – Specific Preparation Specific fitness, ex. Speed, strength, skills and techniques Intensity of training increases significantly training to compete
Evaluate the previous years plan and actual achievements ( Strengths & Weaknesses ). Consider the following Physical preparation; energy systems strength/speed/power flexibility recovery & regeneration peaking others
Phases 3, 4 & 5 - COMPETITION Phase 3 (pre-competition/ comp) Beginning of competition season Lots of fine tuning Low level competitions General training is reduced Training is competition specific Phase 4 – Competition Competitions will occur every week Leagues are in full flow, races, galas, etc Phase 5 – Peak The championship final (nationals, olympics,etc.)
Phase 6 – TRANSITION Recovery phase during which the body can recover from the rigours of training and competition
1.Define the length of your macro-cycle? What are you planning towards? 2.Divide your macro-cycle into meso-cycles. Do you need all 6 phases? 3.Design a micro-cycle from each of your meso-cycles? Demonstrate the difference in content depending on the time of year? Other factors: Remember the PRINCIPLES of training!!
PEAK MONTHS JULAUGSEPOCTNOVDECJANFEBMARAPRMAYJUN HEAVY WEIGHTS SPEED ENDURANCE TECHNIQUE & MATCH SHARPNESS
Describe what is meant by the terms: Macro-cycle, meso-cycle, micro-cycles Discuss the benefits of periodisation in planning a training programme 10 Marks