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A corpus perspective on the football playing culture in Brazil and the U.K Sabrina Matuda Corpora and Society: opportunities and challenges for using corpora.

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Presentation on theme: "A corpus perspective on the football playing culture in Brazil and the U.K Sabrina Matuda Corpora and Society: opportunities and challenges for using corpora."— Presentation transcript:

1 A corpus perspective on the football playing culture in Brazil and the U.K Sabrina Matuda Corpora and Society: opportunities and challenges for using corpora in interdisciplinary research 7th–9th October, 2013

2 Objectives|Why football?|Theoretical Background|The Study Corpus|Annotation|Corpus Analysis|Case Studies|Concluding Remarks to analyze how different football styles, the history of football in Brazil and in England, the cultural appropriation of the laws of the game practiced by each culture and other historical social factors influenced the creation of the football lexicon both in English and in Portuguese. England x Scotland, Glasgow, 1872 Arthur Friedenreich Objective

3 1) Football is the most popular sport in the world Brazil is widely known as the country of football In Brazil, it is played everywhere and by everyone: (Damo, 2005) as a sport in the schools and in football schools on the streets: in competitions organized by FIFA and by CBF (Brazilian football confederation): in amateur football leagues Objectives|Why football?|Theoretical Background|The Study Corpus|Annotation|Corpus Analysis|Case Studies|Concluding Remarks Why football?

4 2) Major sports events in Brazil Number of foreign tourists: in 2012: 5,8 million* in 2014: 10 million* * Source: EMBRATUR (Brazilian Tourism Institute) Objectives|Why football?|Theoretical Background|The Study Corpus|Annotation|Corpus Analysis|Case Studies|Concluding Remarks Why football?

5 3) the growth of academic interest in football a large number of books, research/ theses and articles on football have been published in the last years. the growth of study groups Objectives|Why football?|Theoretical Background|The Study Corpus|Annotation|Corpus Analysis|Case Studies|Concluding Remarks Why football?

6 4) Need of updated and comprehensive bilingual reference works Objectives|Why football?|Theoretical Background|The Study Corpus|Annotation|Corpus Analysis|Case Studies|Concluding Remarks Why football?

7 authentic texts Objectives|Why football?|Theoretical Background|The Study Corpus|Annotation|Corpus Analysis|Case Studies|Concluding RemarksTheoretical background CL | Textual Terminology | Technical Translation | Form-representation

8 specialized texts are the central object of study of Terminology; technical terms cannot really live an independent life in isolation from their context of occurrence. Objectives|Why football?|Theoretical Background|The Study Corpus|Annotation|Corpus Analysis|Case Studies|Concluding RemarksTheoretical background CL | Textual Terminology | Technical Translation | Form-representation

9 specialized language is seen as an integral part of a culture, representing one of its powerful manifestations in so far as it is not an isolated phenomenon suspended in a vacuum (Snell-Hornby 1988) technical translation is viewed as a communicative act subject to cultural restraints Objectives|Why football?|Theoretical Background|The Study Corpus|Annotation|Corpus Analysis|Case Studies|Concluding RemarksTheoretical background CL | Textual Terminology | Technical Translation | Form-representation

10 different styles: -English school -German school -Italian school REPRESENTATATIONS forms of playing Objectives|Why football?|Theoretical Background|The Study Corpus|Annotation|Corpus Analysis|Case Studies|Concluding RemarksTheoretical background CL | Textual Terminology | Technical Translation | Form-representation (Toledo 2002)

11 Totalnewspaper reports on match results laws of the game live minute-by- minute commentaries live commentaries by sports journalists and by football fans via social media tokensnumber of texts tokensnumber of texts tokensnumber of texts tokens number of texts tokensnumber of texts English Portuguese high and low-context culture Edward Hall (1976) Objectives|Why football?|Theoretical Background|The Study Corpus|Annotation|Corpus Analysis|Case Studies|Concluding RemarksThe study Corpus description | header

12 JO-IF-SUN_004 futebol Íntegra Barcelona go through on away goals rule IB The Sun Original Shaun Custis masculino individual Inglaterra Londres Informativo Editorial Generalidades Esporte Internet Objectives|Why football?|Theoretical Background|The Study Corpus|Annotation|Corpus Analysis|Case Studies|Concluding RemarksThe study Corpus description | header

13 live minute-by-minute commentaries Portuguesa 0 x 1 Ipatinga 22m05s: Fim de jogo 18m32s: Partida terá três minutos de acréscimo 13m27s: Sai Alessandro Lopes, para a entrada de Max 9m34s s: GOOOL DO IPATINGA! Léo Oliveira sobe livre e cabeceia para o fundo da rede 08m01s: Na cobrança, Bruno Rodrigo desvia de cabeça para a linha de fundo 00m02s: Começa a partida 0m0s s: Problemas na iluminação das torres atrasam o início do jogo na Arena Barueri Objectives|Why football?|Theoretical Background|The Study Corpus|Annotation|Corpus Analysis|Case Studies|Concluding RemarksAnnotation Mark-ups | POST

14 Objectives|Why football?|Theoretical Background|The Study Corpus|Annotation|Corpus Analysis|Case Studies|Concluding RemarksAnnotation Mark-ups | POST

15 example of tagged text Objectives|Why football?|Theoretical Background|The Study Corpus|Annotation|Corpus Analysis|Case Studies|Concluding RemarksAnnotation Mark-ups | POST

16 WordSmith 5.0 (Scott 2012) Wordlists Keywords Keywords in context (KWIC) Collocates Clusters tags Objectives|Why football?|Theoretical Background|The Study Corpus|Annotation|Corpus Analysis|Case Studies|Concluding RemarksCorpus Analysis

17 Preliminary findings...

18 SCORE ([{a | the} goal]) FIRE {home | in (a goal) | (the ball) past [goalkeeper]| into the net} HAMMER {in | home} NOD {home (into an empty goal) | in | into the net} SLOT {home ([a goal]) | (the ball) into {an | the} empty net | past [goalkeeper | in]} {hammer|pound} a header into the net HEAD (the ball) {home|past (goalkeeper)|into the (roof of the) net} SLAM {(the ball) past [goalkeeper] | in | into the roof of the net} NET [a goal] KNOCK {the ball {into the net|in|home}} / NUMBER goals EQUALISE ADD {a|the} ORDINAL (goal) SLAM (the ball) {in | past [goalkeeper] | home} / SLAM {in | home} [a kick] NOTCH {his ORDINAL|CARDINAL} (goal)TAP {in|home} FINISH (off) SWEEP {home | the ball into the net} SNATCH [a goal] THUNDER a goal home SLIDE {home his ORDINAL (goal) | the ball home} STAB the ball {home | past [goalkeeper]} BURY the ball past [goalkeeper] THUMP {home | past [goalkeeper]} NESTLE {in | into} the (back of the) net TUCK home ([a goal]) DELIVER a goal CLIP the ball into the net POKE {the ball home | home past [goalkeeper]} BLAST in ([a goal]) STEER the ball past [goalkeeper] the ball CORKSCREW towards the (empty) net STROKE a shot past [goalkeeper]FIZZ the ball past [goalkeeper] SMASH home DRILL home FAZER {o | um} gol MARCAR {o|um} gol MARCAR o tento FINALIZAR EMPATAR TO SCORE (A GOAL) Objectives|Why football?|Theoretical Background|The Study Corpus|Annotation|Corpus Analysis|Case Studies|Concluding RemarksCase studies

19 "I understand what this league is all about," said Ramires. "I've watched it on the television and I know that physical strength is the main part of the English game. But I'm hard, too. I'm tough. I hope I can build up my strength to be on the same level as everyone else, but it's already hard to put me down. I've been away from Brazil for over a year now, playing in Europe. I know the football in Portugal isn't as physical as it is over here, sure, but it's still tough. Ramires (Chelsea's midfielder) Objectives|Why football?|Theoretical Background|The Study Corpus|Annotation|Corpus Analysis|Case Studies|Concluding RemarksCase studies

20 VIOLENCE FIRE {home | in (a goal) | (the ball) past [goalkeeper]| into the net} HAMMER {in | home} SLAM {(the ball) past [goalkeeper] | in | into the roof of the net} BLAST IN (a goal) LASH home {(a goal) | into an empty net} SMASH home STAB the ball {home | past [goalkeeper]} POKE {the ball home | home past [goalkeeper]} KNOCK {the ball {into the net | in | home}} / NUMBER goals THUMP {home | past [goalkeeper]} CLIP the ball into the net SNATCH [a goal] EXPLOSION BLAST in THUNDER a goal home EFFORTLESS ACTION SLIDE {home his ORDINAL (goal) | the ball home} STROKE a shoot past [goalkeeper] TUCK home (a goal) SWEEP {home | the ball into the net} DINK in [a goal] SPEED TAP {in|home} FIZZ the ball past [goalkeeper] Objectives|Why football?|Theoretical Background|The Study Corpus|Annotation|Corpus Analysis|Case Studies|Concluding RemarksCase studies

21 Objectives|Why football?|Theoretical Background|The Study Corpus|Annotation|Corpus Analysis|Case Studies|Concluding RemarksCase studies Brazilian football -[good] dribblers -creative -spontaneous -improvisational -free-flowing -possession -samba [beat] -control [of the ball] -[highly] skilled -[flowing] passing [game] -beautiful -flair -invention English football -physical [prowess/strength] -fast -athleticism -rough -[long] shoots -quick -[direct] passes -[no] risk -courageous -hard -[break-neck] speed

22 chocolate cricket score commentator: Washington Rodrigues song: El bodeguero by Cuban Richard Egües chorus: Toma chocolate / Paga lo que debes Some cultural-specific terms do not have a direct standardized equivalent in a different language. team A: 254–6 team B: 185 Team A won by 69runs" Objectives|Why football?|Theoretical Background|The Study Corpus|Annotation|Corpus Analysis|Case Studies|Concluding RemarksCase studies

23 search in the corpus: v * falta - cometer * falta - fazer * falta - ganhar * falta - receber * falta - sofrer * falta search in the corpus: falta * adj - falta dura - falta perigosa - falta violenta - falta boba - falta forte - falta grosseira - falta infantil - falta venenosa - falta casual - falta certeira Falta (foul) (6.901) Objectives|Why football?|Theoretical Background|The Study Corpus|Annotation|Corpus Analysis|Case Studies|Concluding RemarksCase studies

24 - bad foul - clear foul - clumsy foul - cynical foul - controversial foul - dangerous foul - debatable foul - disgraceful foul - Innocuous foul - nasty foul - needless foul - ludicrous foul - mild foul -niggly foul foul commit a [adj] foul draw a [adj] foul - careless tackle - clumsy tackle - crunching tackle - dangerous tackle - dismal tackle - last-ditch tackle - dreadful tackle - hefty tackle - hideous tackle - hard tackle - late tackle* - ludicrous tackle - nasty-looking tackle *excellent / fine / good / great / proper / saving / sliding / superb / smart / [perfectly|well] timed / timely / wonderful foul verb (546) foul noun (80) tackle noun (223) tackle verb (49) challenge noun (60) challenge verb (16) Chelsea midfielder Ramires tackled Wayne Rooney on the edge of the Blues box before powering forward and passing to Oscar, who laid the ball off for Mata to send a shot in off Jones and the post. (Football.uk) As Porto pressed for an equaliser in the closing stages of the match, their midfielder Fernando was sent off for a dismal tackle on Ashley Cole that earned him a second booking. (The Independent) Tom Williams produces a cross, unfair challenge on Aaron Mclean by Wayne Brown results in a Penalty. (BBC Sport) "I really do not see why everyone is getting on Spain's back. Chile were putting in some horrid challenges last night and should have had two or three players sent off. Alonso almost needed two stretchers on, one for him and one for his foot." (BBC Sport) Objectives|Why football?|Theoretical Background|The Study Corpus|Annotation|Corpus Analysis|Case Studies|Concluding RemarksCase studies

25 The number of fouls in Brasileirão is higher than in the European Championships Objectives|Why football?|Theoretical Background|The Study Corpus|Annotation|Corpus Analysis|Case Studies|Concluding RemarksCase studies

26 Corpora can expand the scope of terminological research by revealing cultural aspects of a special subject field NeymarGareth Bale Objectives|Why football?|Theoretical Background|The Study Corpus|Annotation|Corpus Analysis|Case Studies|Concluding RemarksConcluding Remarks

27 high and low context cultures (Anthropology); form-representaion ( Anthropology ); course: Sociocultural history of football (History); translation theories (Translation Studies); Terminology; Statistics (in the future). No corpus linguist is an island! (Ute Römer) Objectives|Why football?|Theoretical Background|The Study Corpus|Annotation|Corpus Analysis|Case Studies|Concluding RemarksConcluding Remarks

28 Thank you!


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