2HistoryAmerican football as we know it originated in the late 1800’s, developing from two English sports, soccer and rugby.In 1876 the Intercollegiate Football Association was formed and developed rules of the game, including line of scrimmage, systems of downs, and the scoring system.Touch and flag football grew out of the interest in American football.Flag football eliminated the controversy in touch football; which allowed for less contact and a clearly successful tackle by pulling a flagThe skill to grab or protect the flag also made flag football more interesting than touch football.
3FLAG FOOTBALL EQUIPMENT FlagsComfortable athletic clothing including athletic shoesPinnies
4How to Play Flag Football 8 players on each teamGame starts with a placekick from the field’s centerlineObjective is to carry or pass the football across the defense’s goal line for a touchdownOffense gets 4 consecutive attempts, called downs, to advance the ball 10 yardsThere are two types of scoring, 6 point touchdown and 2 point conversionDefense stops offense by pulling one flagNo body contact is allowed
6FLAG FOOTBALL SAFETYIn regulation game of flag football players need to wear athletic shoes and clothingPlayers need to be aware of all surroundings making sure not to come in contact with another playerMake sure football field is free of debris, specifically, rocks or left out equipmentPractice proper communication when playing, make sure you are speaking loud enough to be heard over any other noises.
7PositionsQuarterback-The offensive player who receives the ball from the center at the start of each play before either handing it to the running back, throwing it to a receiver, or running with it himselfWide Receiver-Key offensive player involved in passing playsRunning Back- An offensive player who runs with the footballCenter-The offensive lineman who hikes (or snaps) the ball to the quarterback at the start of each playDefenders- Unit that is responsible for keeping the opposition out of their end zone.
8Offense and Defense Offense Defense The team that has the football and attempts to advance it toward their goal for a touchdownThe team that is trying to stop the offense from scoring by pulling their flag or intercepting the ballOffenseDefense
9To put the ball in play by giving it to the quarterback SNAPTo put the ball in play by giving it to the quarterback
10The act of throwing the ball to another player. PASSINGThe act of throwing the ball to another player.
11A sideways or backwards pass thrown from one player to another. LATERAL PASSA sideways or backwards pass thrown from one player to another.
12Forward Pass Cues One hand with Fingers on strings Side to the target Step with opposite footTwistThrow
13The act of catching a football without dropping it. Receiving CuesThe act of catching a football without dropping it.Elbows flexedReach with handsEyes track the ballSoft hands pull it in
14Receiving A Football That Is Thrown Low/Medium Pinkies together with fingers forwardEyes track ballExtend arms with pinkies togetherUse 2 handsSoft hands pull it in
15Receiving a Football That Is Thrown HighThumbs TogetherEyes track ballExtend arms with thumbs togetherUse 2 handsSoft hands pull it in
16The act of giving the ball to another player HANDOFFThe act of giving the ball to another player
17DownOne play, starting when the ball is put into play and ending when the ball is ruled dead There are 4 Downs in Flag Football The offensive team has 4 downs or plays to either score or gain 10 yards. If the team gains 10 yards, then the downs start over. If they don't gain 10 yards, after the fourth try, the opposing team gets possession of the football at the spot of the tackle
18“Tackle”Performed by pulling one flag off theoffensive ball carrier
19BLOCKINGThe action made by one of the linesmen or backs to get in the way of an opponent trying to tackle the player with the ball.
20Placekick A kick in which a ball is held by a person or tee on the ground
21PuntA kick in which the kicker holds the ball and drops and kicks it before it touches the ground.
22Completion and Interception A completion is a forward pass that is caught by an eligible receiverAn interception is pass thrown to an offensive player but is caught by a defensive player
23TouchdownA scoring play in which any part of the ball, while legally in the possession of a player who is in-bounds, crosses the plane of the opponent's goal line. A touchdown counts as 6 points.
24Line Of ScrimmageAn imaginary line stretching the width of the field that separates the two teams prior to the snap of the ball and where the ball is placed before each play
25Playing flag football keeps me at a healthy weight How Will Flag Football Benefit Me In My Life?Playing flag football keeps me at a healthy weightPhysical activity such as flag football keeps me active and alert and keeps me from being tiredPlaying flag football is a great way to have fun and make friends