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Training Session Notes

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1 Training Session Notes
P7150 Portable Radio User’s Guide for York County, PA Emergency Services Training Session Notes

2 *SAFETY ITEMS* DO NOT...operate the portable radio near or in an area where blasting is taking place. Anyone using radio controlled explosives must post signs. If you see a caution sign about blasting in the area, you must turn your radio off. This applies to any radio equipment capable of transmitting: phones, CB’s, etc. DO NOT...operate the portable radio in an explosive atmosphere. The radio is an electrical device with switches that can cause an explosion in an explosive atmosphere. If you can operate your vehicle or any power tools, it is safe to use the radio.

3 *SAFETY ITEMS* To ensure that user exposure to RF electromagnetic energy is within the FCC allowable limits for occupational use, always adhere to the following guidelines: DO NOT operate the radio without a proper antenna. DO NOT transmit for more than 50% of the total radio use. Always use only Tyco Electronics authorized accessories. Always keep the antenna at least 5cm (2 inches) away from the body while transmitting.

4 Operating Rules and Regulations
The Federal Communications Commission sets all rules for two-way radio use. The user of two-way radio equipment should be familiar with these basic rule requirements. It is a violation of FCC rules to interrupt any distress or emergency message. Any use of profane or obscene language is prohibited. It is against the law to send false call letters or a false distress or emergency message. All messages must be brief and limited to the business need. It is a violation of FCC rules to send personal messages, unless in an emergency. The FCC requires that radio systems be identified by use of the assigned Call Letters. The radio system does this automatically. The federal government communications is administered by the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA), but operation is still compliant to FCC rules.

5 Project 25 (P25) Project 25 is a public safety communications standard dedicated to ensuring interoperability in communications. It is designed to ensure fast and secure communications between local, state and federal agencies when protecting the public's welfare. The Project 25 standard organization is comprised of the Association of Public Safety Communications Officials (APCO), the National Association of State Telecommunications Directors (NASTD) and the U.S. Federal Government. The Federal Government through the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) has dictated that all new and existing federal communications systems will be P25 compliant. P25 is an all digital voice system that can be trunking or conventional non-trunking.

6 Conventional vs. Trunked
Conventional Approach Trunked Approach Channel 1 Channel 2 Group C Group C Group A Group A Group B Group D Group B Group D Users Select which Repeater to Use System Selects which Repeater to Use

7 Why Trunking? Trunking: Improves spectral efficiency
Relieves the user from managing the channel Encourages cross agency / shared communications Establishes communications privacy Encourages private communications Discourages eavesdropping by scanners Establishes “queuing” rather than “waiting” Enables priority use during busy times

8 P25 Trunking System Features
Digital Control Channel Multiple Working Channels < 0.5 Second Access Group & Individual Voice Calls Unit ID for each radio Late / Delayed Entry Emergency Calls Queuing with Priority Unit Enable / Disable Wide Area Coverage

9 How Far Does it Cover ? Many factors affect range: Site Location
??? Many factors affect range: Site Location Urban Clutter Reflections / Multipath Ducting over Water Heavy vegetation Weather Frequency

10 Extending Coverage Technology exists to extent the coverage of the radio and communication system. You have no indication that the technology is occurring other than better coverage. Some indications are the individual radios transmit and inform the P25 system of their status: Each time the Radio is powered up. Each time a Group selection is made. Each time a the radio moves to a different RF site.

11 Radio Nomenclature Before actually operating the radio, one should know some of the terms and descriptions associated with operation. Such as: Buttons Knobs Antenna Microphone Speaker Display Battery Let’s take a look at these before actually operating the radio.

12 Default Designations Of Controls
P7150 (Scan) Views Default Designations Of Controls System/Group/ Channel Knob System/Group/ Channel Knob Antenna Universal Device Connector “UDC” (On Side) Option Button Clear/Monitor Button Display PTT Button Antenna LED Microphone Emergency/Home Button Power ON/OFF Volume Knob Speaker

13 LCD Display The display has 3 lines.
Lines 1 & 2 contain eight alphanumeric characters. Line 3 uses 10 groups of pixels to show radio status icons. All three lines are used in menu mode.

14 Display Messages LINE 1: LINE 2:
Listing of messages that appear on line 1 and 2. Talkgroup or Channel Name (EMS MAIN) Call Queued (QUEUED) System Busy (SYS BUSY) Call Denied (DENIED) Individual Call (*INDV*) Control Channel Scan (CC SCAN) Wide Area Scan (WA SCAN) Receive Emergency (*RXEMER*) Transmit Emergency (*TXEMER*) System Name (example: CENTRAL) Volume Level (VOL = 10) Caller Identification (GR 1234) Low Battery (LOW BATT) ‘Who Has Called’ (* WHC *) LINE 1: LINE 2:

15 Special call select/entry mode (Individual or Telephone)
Line 3 Icons An icon will be displayed to show radio status. Special call select/entry mode (Individual or Telephone) Low battery SCAN enabled (rotates clockwise) Selected group is priority-one scan is priority-two scan in scan list Encrypted Digital Speech Conventional Channel Guard Failsoft Transmit ON transmitting or receiving FLASHING call queued ON - low TX power OFF - high TX power Digital P25 Analog

16 Keypad Functions Default Designations Of Controls Menu / Enter
System/Group or Ramp UP System/Group or Ramp Down M A/D OPT SCN Option 2 Button Scan On/Off Add or Delete Group in Scan List We’ll see what you will use these buttons do to in a few slides!

17 Antenna Firmly screw in the provided antenna with your hand.
The antenna is designed and possibly trimmed for your frequency of operation. Do not use any other antennas without approval. Use of unapproved antennas will affect system performance and possibly cause failure of the radio. If the antenna becomes cracked, broken or bent, replace it.

18 Install or Change the Battery
Before changing the battery, turn the radio off. Press up on the battery release button on the bottom of the battery. Lift the bottom of the battery pack up and away until it separates from the radio. Insert the top of the new battery pack onto the radio then push down the bottom of the battery pack until it clicks. 2 3 1 When the belt clip is installed, one will need to press the belt clip to relieve pressure from the battery to remove it.

19 Basic Operation Items to Discuss Power on the radio. Read the display.
Change systems. Change groups. Originate a group call. Receive a group call. Declaring an Emergency. Keypad Lock Scanning Menu Operation CENTRAL EMS MAIN

20 Power On and Log In Rotate Volume On/Off Control Clockwise about ¼ turn. All segments of the LCD display should briefly display and the display should show Power Up Self Test, followed by an audible beep and the system/group display. The radio will transmit into the network and log in automatically, telling the network the ID of the radio and the group that is selected. A-YORK CITY 1 Power On/Off & Volume

21 Displaying the Systems and Groups
The radio’s display is showing the system and group that you are part of. The top line will be the system name representing a location and a set of groups. Examples are: A-YORK B-YORK C-YORK UTAC The second line will show one of the sixteen groups selected by the group knob on the top of the radio. Examples are: CITY 1 METRO 2 CARCAR1 SHERF 7 UCALL 40 Others may exist! When the 2nd Bank is selected for Fire department the system top line will show. A-YORK TAC 3C

22 Changing Groups A-YORK CITY 1 Turn the GROUP SELECT knob to select one of up to sixteen (16) groups. The Group name will appear on Line 2 of the display. To select the next set of 16 groups, press the top side button to ramp trough the choices.* The System line will change the leading character to A, B, etc up to the limit, then the list will ramp around. 1 4 3 2 EMER SVC is always position 1 for ATC radios * The arrow or ramp or scroll buttons on the front may allow you to move up and down the group list.

23 Originate a Group Call 1 5 2 3 4 6 Turn on the radio.
A-YORK CITY 1 Turn on the radio. Select the group you want to talk to. Group names appear on Line 2 of the display. Push-to-Talk (PTT). Indicator will light red while transmitting. (orange if transmitting in encrypted mode) Speak into the microphone. 1 5 2 3 4 6

24 Receiving A Group Call GR 12345 CITY 1 The caller’s Radio ID or alias appears on Line 1 (ex ). The group that is being received appears on Line 2. The Indicator will light green while receiving. Adjust Power On/Off & Volume control for pleasing level of audio, but not to overdrive the speaker. PTT to respond. 4 3 1 2 5

25 Declaring an Emergency
Press and hold the red EMERGENCY button for approximately 2.2 seconds. *TXEMER* appears in the display and will continue to flash, alternating with the selected group, until the emergency is cleared. PTT Hot mic for 5 seconds if PTT is not pressed. Top View 1 1 A-YORK *TXEMER* 3 2 Mention Hot Mic The console dispatcher clears emergencies. If you declare an emergency, your radio will remain on the group until the emergency is cleared. This feature only available when in the trunked mode, not available in UTAC system. Receive Indication EM 12345 *RXEMER*

26 Selecting the UTAC System
UCALL 40 Pressing the CLR/MONITOR (center button on the side) will select the conventional system UTAC. The display will show the system name and channel name. If more than one channel is available, use the top knob to select the channel. To go back to the YORK P25 system, you must power the radio off and on. 3 4 2 1 UTAC is a conventional non-trunking system and you are away from the York County system.

27 Locking/Unlocking the Keypad
LOCKED EMS MAIN Press M on the front. Within 2 seconds, press the top side button to unlock or lock the keypad. The display will show the status of the keypad for about 2 seconds. All keys except PTT, Emergency, and M are locked. Knobs function normally. If the keypad is locked, the top line of the display will show LOCKED, when any key is locked. 3 2 1

28 Menu and Backlight Control
>BCK LGHT BCK LGHT Press M to enter the Menu mode. Use the  or  keys to find and select BCK LGHT, and press M a second time. BCK LGHT= ON or OFF will appear in the display with the current setting. Use the  or  keys to toggle the backlight on and off. Press M a third time to store the change. 1,2,5 BCK LGHT is the only menu item and it is not available in the UTAC system. 2,4

29 Group Scanning A list of groups to scan must exist before scanning can occur. The P7150 Scan model radio is configured for user programmable scanning – the user creates and modifies the list. There are three levels of priority. Priority 1 is the highest and priority 3 (III) is the lowest. Scanning must be off to create, add or delete groups from the scan list.

30 Turning SCAN On/Off 2, 3 1, 3 Press SCN to turn on group Scanning.
A-YORK CITY 1 Press SCN to turn on group Scanning. The scan icon rotates clockwise to indicate the radio is scanning. Press SCN again to turn off the Scan function and scan icon will disappear. 2, 3 1, 3

31 Establishing or Modifying a Scan List
A-YORK CITY 1 Scan must be off to create or modify a scan list. Select to the group or channel that you wish to add to your Scan List. Press the A/D key once to add the group to the Scan List. An icon will appear in the display indicating the addition of the group to the Scan List. Press A/D again to advance the group to second priority. Press A/D again to advance the group to first priority . Pressing the A/D button again will remove the group from the scan list. 1 3 2, 4, 5, 6

32 Nuisance Deleting from a Scan List
User entered or limited scan list only: When a call is being heard while in scan mode and the call is not the selected or priority 1 group and you wish to remove the group from the scan list. Press the A/D button or the DEL button once to delete the group from the Scan List. The group or channel will return to the scan list when the radio is powered off and back on. A-YORK CITY 1

33 P7100 Alert Tones Call Originate short mid-pitched beep (“beep”)
Autokey short mid-pitched beep sounding after queued and an open channel is gained (“beep”) Call Queued high-pitched tone (“beep”) sounded when the system places the call request in a queue System Busy three low-pitched tones (“dut-dut-dut”), only with I-Calls Call Denied low-pitched tone (“bomp”) sounded when the radio is not authorized on the selected system Timing Out five short high-pitched warning tones (“beep..”) followed by a low-pitched tone (“bomp”) Key Press Alert short tone “beep”= access; low-pitched “bomp”= denial Low Battery short quiet mid-pitched tone (“beep”) Missed I-Call telephone ring sounded when an incoming individual call is not answered

34 Accessories Speaker Microphones - General External Antenna
Radio Antenna Holders Belt Clip Belt Loops Leather Case Fabric Case This slide is for talking about the different accessories and installing them on the radio. If an external microphone is attached and there is a place for the antenna, then the antenna has to be attached.

35 Battery Information P7100 Series Radios Rated Battery Life
(at 5% Tx, 5% Rx, and 90% standby): NiCd: 8 hours (1600 mAH) NiMH: 11 hours (2400 mAH) Battery Charging Indications (Typical charger) Slow Red Flash – PreCharge (10 minutes max) Extremely Discharged Cold battery Solid Red – Charging ~ 1 Hour NiCd ~ 2 Hours NiMH Solid Green – Ready / Trickle Charge Red / Green Flash – Battery temp too hot Remove and let cool before attempting to charge Fast Red Flash – Error Remove and Reinsert

36 Technical Training Center M/A-COM, Inc.
Telephone Technical Training Center M/A-COM, Inc. Copyright© 2008 M/A-COM, Inc. All rights reserved.

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