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Describe shock List the causes of shock Describe the types of shock & their causes Describe the compensatory & decompensatory stages of shock Recognize.

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Presentation on theme: "Describe shock List the causes of shock Describe the types of shock & their causes Describe the compensatory & decompensatory stages of shock Recognize."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Describe shock List the causes of shock Describe the types of shock & their causes Describe the compensatory & decompensatory stages of shock Recognize the signs & symptoms of shock

3 Shock Causes of Shock Types of Shock Stages of Shock Compensatory Shock Compensatory Stage Decompensatory Shock Decompensatory Stage Signs and Symptoms of Shock Management of Shock Conclusion

4 Shock is a condition in which:- blood flow oxygen nutrients to the tissues are inadequate for normal cell function

5 Shock can be caused by illness or trauma Pump failure Loss of blood Loss of vascular tone

6 Hypovolemic shock caused by blood loss external bleeding, internal bleeding, loss of plasma (burns)..continue

7 Cardiogenic shock caused by heart (pump) failure heart attack ….continue

8 Respiratory Shock Caused by insufficient oxygen in the blood Chest injury, airway obstruction, or paralysis of the breathing muscles (e,g, from spinal injury) …continue

9 Neurogenic Shock Caused by loss of control of the nervous systems (loss of vascular tone) Spinal cord injury...continue

10 Metabolic Shock Caused by the loss of body fluids Excessive diarrhea, vomiting, or urination …continue

11 Anaphylactic Shock Caused by loss of vascular tone Extremely allergic, (e.g. insect sting, foods, drugs, dust) …continue

12 Psychogenic Shock (fainting) Caused by loss of vascular tone Temporary condition Reaction to fear, bad news, the sight of blood, or a minor injury …continue

13 Septic Shock Caused by a severe infection, Loss of vascular tone & blood volume Contaminated IV, recent surgery, prolonged illness or infection …continue

14 1 st stage of Shock Compensatory Shock 2 nd stage of Shock Decompensatory Shock

15 To protect these organs, the body does the following: Increases the rate & force of the heartbeat Constricts the blood vessels of the skin Selectively constricts/vasoconstriction some of the blood vessels in organs

16 Initial Signs Lethargy or weakness Confusion Fear Irritability, Agitation Disorientation

17 The causes of compensatory shock are not corrected, decompensatory shock take place B/P falls further Blood pools in the extremities & cardiac output is reduced Usually results in death

18 Late Signs Drowsiness, deteriorating to loss of consciousness A change in level of consciousness Patient may be uncooperative, abusive, or combative

19 Decreased LOC Decreased B/P (less than 90/60) Weak, rapid heart rate Pale, clammy, cool skin Shallow, rapid breathing Thirst ….continue

20 Restlessness, Anxiety Weakness Shivering

21 Management of Shock RSE DABCs RBS External bleeding - Direct pressure Elevation the body part Use a tourniquet (Last resort only) ….continue

22 Internal bleeding Minimize movement of the patient Keep the patient flat, raise & support the legs Provide reassurance Never give the patient anything to eat or drink Administer oxygen Rapid Transport

23 The Shock patient cannot be stabilized in the field The Shock patient must be rapidly transported to a medical facility


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