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UNECE United Nations Code for Trade and Transport Locations UN/LOCODE UNECE Recommendation No. 16UN/LOCODE United Nations Economic Commission for Europe.

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Presentation on theme: "UNECE United Nations Code for Trade and Transport Locations UN/LOCODE UNECE Recommendation No. 16UN/LOCODE United Nations Economic Commission for Europe."— Presentation transcript:

1 UNECE United Nations Code for Trade and Transport Locations UN/LOCODE UNECE Recommendation No. 16UN/LOCODE United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

2 UNECE UN/LOCODE: Overview In 1972 the UN/ECE W.P. on Facilitation of International Trade Procedures began the process to prepare a code for port names (cities, ports, airports, border crossing, terminals, etc.) to designate various locations involved in external trade, with a view to the subsequent creation of codes. Main contributors were the International Chamber of Shipping (ICS), the International Association of Ports and Harbours (IAPH), the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP). In addition, the secretariat had full-access to the list of airports and other locations maintained by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) and contributions were also received from a number of Governments. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

3 UNECE UN/LOCODE: Background The identification of a particular location is frequently required in information interchange in international trade and transport to direct the movement of goods. In addresses In shipping marks and in data elements identifying ports of call, ports or places of loading or unloading, ports or places of trans-shipment and destination, places of clearance by Customs, etc. The names of such locations are often spelt in different ways and sometimes the same location is given different names in different languages, which creates confusion and difficulties in data interchange. Genève – Geneva – Genf - Ginebra London – Londres – Londra Warzsaw - Varsovie – Warszawa - Warschau United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

4 UNECE UN/LOCODE: Background The identification in a unique and unambiguous way of any place involved in international trade is therefore an essential element for the facilitation of trade procedures and documentation. This can be achieved by using agreed, unique coded designations for such locations; this would have the added advantage of permitting an exchange of data in a safer and more economical way. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

5 UNECE UN/LOCODE: Background To the code structure, one particular attention was given to the three-letter alphabetical location identifier code already used within the air transport industry used to designate airports and certain other locations (IATA – International Air Transport Association). These codes have been widely used over a long period, have in most cases a mnemonic link to the place name, and have been introduced in other applications, notably in the ports code developed by ECLAC. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

6 UNECE UN/LOCODE: UNECE Recommendation 16 Defines an internationally agreed code system to represent names of locations of interest in international trade and transport. The code system is based on two-letter alphabetic code for the representation of names of countries, International Standard. The code system is based on two-letter alphabetic code for the representation of names of countries, International Standard ISO ISO Recommends the use of a five-character code system to designate locations whenever there is a need for a coded representation for the names of ports (maritime, railways, airports, inland clearance depots, inland freight terminals and any other transport related locations, such as places of receipt and delivery), which are used for goods movements associated with trade. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

7 UNECE UN/LOCODE: Coding system Code system based on two-letter alphabetic code for the representation of names of countries ISO , e.g. CHSwitzerland CLChile KRKorea INIndia UN/LOCODE five-character code system CHGVAGeneva CLSCLSantiago KRSELSeoul INBOMMumbai (Ex Bombay) United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

8 UNECE UN/LOCODE: Code List.. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

9 UNECE UN/LOCODE: Definitions United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

10 UNECE Function 0 Not known 1 Port terminal 2 Rail terminal 3 Road terminal 4 Airport terminal 5 Postal exchange office 6 Multimodal Functions (ICDs, etc.) 7 Fixed Transport Functions (e.g. Oil platform) B Border crossing function Status AA Approved by competent national government agency AC Approved by Customs Authority AF Approved by national facilitation body AI Code adopted by international organisation AS Approved by national standards/statistic body RL Recognised location RN Request from credible national sources for locations in their own country RQ Request under consideration RR Request rejected QQ Original entry not verified since date indicated XX Entry that will be removed from the next issue of UN/LOCODE UN/LOCODE: Definitions United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

11 UNECE UN/LOCODE: Field of application United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Using definition of UNeDocs Paper Layout Key for the Invoice Invoice An invoice is a document/message claiming payment for goods or services supplied under conditions agreed between buyer and seller (UN/EDIFACT D.03A, Data Element 1001). An invoice issued by the seller can be for one or more transactions. An invoice may refer to goods or items or services related to one or more orders, delivery instructions, call offs, etc. An invoice may contain references to payment terms An invoice for cross border transactions may contain additional information for customs and/or statistical purposes/services An invoice may contain transport details Purchase Order A purchase order is a document/message specifying details for goods or services ordered under conditions agreed between the seller and the buyer.

12 UNECE UN/LOCODE: Field of application (Invoice) United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

13 UNECE UN/LOCODE: Field of application (Invoice) United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

14 UNECE UN/LOCODE: Field of application (UNTDED) Port/airport of loading Consignment. Loading Location Text. [Tag 3334] Example:Genève, Switzerland Consignment. Loading Location Identifier. [Tag 3335] Use of UNECE Recommendation No. 16 UN/LOCODE. Example: CHGVA Port/airport of discharge Consignment. Discharge Location Text. [Tag 3392] Example:Valparaiso, Chile Consignment. Discharge Location Identifier. [Tag 3393] Use of UNECE Recommendation No. 16 UN/LOCODE. Example:CLVAP Final place of delivery Delivery. Location Text. [Tag 3246] Example:Santiago, Chile Delivery. Location Identifier. [Tag 3247] Use of UNECE Recommendation No. 16 UN/LOCODE Example:CLSCL United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

15 UNECE UN/LOCODE: Field of application (Invoice) United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Genève, Switzerland CHGVA Santiago, Chile CLSCL Valparaiso, Chile CLVAP

16 UNECE UN/LOCODE: Data Maintenance Requests (DMR) United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

17 UNECE UN/LOCODE: Sample of Users United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Private SectorGovernmentalNon-GovernmentalInternational Organization British Petroleum (BP)Australian Custom ServicesVietnam Seaports Association (VPA) EUROSTAT Bolloré Group (DELMAS), France Finnish Customs Administration Seaport associationsIATA General Motors EuropeKorean Institute for Electronic Commerce (KIEC) Serbian Chamber of Commerce, Serbia and Montenegro UPU – Universal Postal Union Hapag LloydPortuguese Postal ServicesFinish Business Solutions Worldwide (FINPRO) UN/ECLAC IBMLa Poste, France UN/ESCAP LG ElectronicsPort of Valparaiso, Chile Maersk SealandStatistics Canada Mitsui O.S.K LinesMinistry of Commerce & Industry of India NestléJapan Association for Simplification of Intl. Trade Procedures (JASTPRO) P & O NedlloydSITPRO, UK VOLVOSWEPRO, Swedish Trade Procedures Council, Sweden

18 UNECE UN/LOCODE: Database Locations: Total Entries: IATA(11.000) UPU( 1.400) EUROSTAT( 1.600) Lloyds(18.000) United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

19 UNECE UN/LOCODE: Database (Download) Code List formats Text CSV (Comma Separated Values) MS Access HTML United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

20 UNECE UN/LOCODE: Analysis of Internet hits / month Visitors: / month / month Downloads:1.900 / month United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

21 UNECE UN/LOCODE Contact Information UNECE Trade Development and Timber Division Claudio Meza United Nations Economic Commission for Europe


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