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Japan Modernize s. Structure Shoguns- military dictators Daimyo help shoguns.

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Presentation on theme: "Japan Modernize s. Structure Shoguns- military dictators Daimyo help shoguns."— Presentation transcript:

1 Japan Modernize s

2 Structure Shoguns- military dictators Daimyo help shoguns control

3 Tokugawa Period * Feudalism returns * Closed Japan * Forbade overseas travel * Nagasaki- only Dutch allowed limited trade

4 Development Strains Society * Daimyo wealth in land, need $ in commercial society, samurai too * Merchants- bottom of society * Peasants- heavy taxes

5 External Pressure

6 re9/phalsall/images/opium.gif

7 re9/phalsall/images/opium.gif I remember the Chinese losing to the British. I dont want that to happen!

8 Commodore Matthew Perry July 1853 sails into Tokyo on Pres. Fillmores order Demands Japan open diplomatic & commercial exchange

9 What to do?

10 Treaty of Kanagawa, 1854 Open two ports to Americans U.S. later wins other rights –Extraterritoriality –Low taxes on U.S. imports –Euro soon follow too Japanese humiliated eaty_of_kanagawa/treaty_images.html

11

12 Review: Copy the question and discuss the answer with a neighbor. Q: What problems weakened shogun rule in Japan mid- 1800s? Q: What caused Japan to end over 200 years of seclusion?

13 Review: Copy the question and discuss the answer with a neighbor. Q: What problems weakened shogun rule in Japan mid- 1800s? Q: What caused Japan to end over 200 years of seclusion? A: Financial hardship, social resentment, taxes, corruption A: A display of power by the U.S.

14 Daimyo & samurai lead revolt

15 Emperor Mutshito- Meiji –Meiji Restoration A rich country, a strong military Study Western ways, adopt to Japan

16 Modern Govt Meiji Const. Emperor- abs pwr Diet- Legislature –Elected house –House appointed by emperor Lmtd voting End samurai- all men subject to military

17 Industrialization Modernize Gov build factory & sell to wealthy to develop Zaibatsu- banking/industry families Pop grows, cities too Homogenous society emerges

18 Sino- Japanese War China- more resources Japan- modernized Japan wins –Gets control of Taiwan from China 1894

19 Korea in the Middle Tributary state (independent, but acknowledges supremacy of stronger state- China) Japan eyes Korea –Forces K to open ports to Japan

20 Russo- Japanese War

21 Russo-Japanese War, 1904 Japan defeats Russians in Manchuria Asian beats Euro!

22 This political cartoon, intended for foreign distribution, was published by Japan a month after the start of the war. Entitled "A Humorous Diplomatic Atlas of Europe and Asia," it depicts Russia as a "black octopus."

23 Treaty of Portsmouth Japan controls Korea & Manchuria

24 Japan Rules Korea Protectorate – annex Developed Harsh rule Protest/nationalist mvmt –March First Movement (est. 1919) Early 1900s- Japan dominates Asia

25 Review: Copy the question and discuss the answer with a neighbor. Q: List three ways in which Japan modernized. Explain how each of these actions helped strengthen Japan so it could resist Western pressure.

26 A1: Japan est a Western- style govt –This strengthened the military Review: Copy the question and discuss the answer with a neighbor. Q: List three ways in which Japan modernized. Explain how each of these actions helped strengthen Japan so it could resist Western pressure.

27 A2: Japan built modern factories –This boosted the economy Review: Copy the question and discuss the answer with a neighbor. Q: List three ways in which Japan modernized. Explain how each of these actions helped strengthen Japan so it could resist Western pressure.

28 A3: Japan ended legal distinctions among classes –This allowed more people to work toward nation- building Review: Copy the question and discuss the answer with a neighbor. Q: List three ways in which Japan modernized. Explain how each of these actions helped strengthen Japan so it could resist Western pressure.


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