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The Biosphere I will be able to list the components of the biosphere, and explain how global factors affect the biosphere.

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Presentation on theme: "The Biosphere I will be able to list the components of the biosphere, and explain how global factors affect the biosphere."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Biosphere I will be able to list the components of the biosphere, and explain how global factors affect the biosphere.

2 The biosphere- is the sum of all the Earths Ecosystems I will be able to list the components of the biosphere, and explain how global factors affect the biosphere.

3 –Biosphere –Biome –Ecosystem –Community –Population –Organism I will be able to list the components of the biosphere, and explain how global factors affect the biosphere.

4 Whats the difference between a community and Ecosystem? I will be able to list the components of the biosphere, and explain how global factors affect the biosphere.

5 Ecosystem - composed of living communities and nonliving physical and chemical factors I will be able to list the components of the biosphere, and explain how global factors affect the biosphere.

6 Biotic factors- all organisms I will be able to list the components of the biosphere, and explain how global factors affect the biosphere.

7 Abiotic Factors- things that influence the biosphere that are not or have never been alive I will be able to list the components of the biosphere, and explain how global factors affect the biosphere.

8 Work with your neighbor to come up with 3 abiotic factors. I will be able to list the components of the biosphere, and explain how global factors affect the biosphere.

9 Bodies of water I will be able to list the components of the biosphere, and explain how global factors affect the biosphere.

10 Energy I will be able to list the components of the biosphere, and explain how global factors affect the biosphere.

11 Energy from Nuclear Fission in the Earths core

12 Nutrients & Minerals I will be able to list the components of the biosphere, and explain how global factors affect the biosphere.

13 Atmospheric Gasses and Phenomena

14 Climates influence the distribution of terrestrial communities I will be able to list the components of the biosphere, and explain how global factors affect the biosphere.

15 Whats the difference between climate and weather? I will be able to list the components of the biosphere, and explain how global factors affect the biosphere.

16 Earths climate patterns are determined by: I will be able to list the components of the biosphere, and explain how global factors affect the biosphere. The input of Solar energy The planets movement in space

17 Solar radiation varies with latitude I will be able to list the components of the biosphere, and explain how global factors affect the biosphere. Most climatic variations are due to the uneven heating of Earths surface

18 Predict what part of the world (latitude) has the most life. I will be able to list the components of the biosphere, and explain how global factors affect the biosphere.

19 Low angle of incoming sunlight Sunlight strikes most directly Low angle of incoming sunlight Atmosphere 60°S South Pole Tropic of Capricorn 30°S 0° (equator) 30°N Tropic of Cancer North Pole 60°N

20 June solstice (Northern Hemisphere tilts toward sun) March equinox (equator faces sun directly) December solstice (Northern Hemisphere tilts away from sun) Constant tilt of 23.5° September equinox The Earths tilt causes the seasons

21 Uneven heating causes rain and winds I will be able to list the components of the biosphere, and explain how global factors affect the biosphere.

22 What is Convection? I will be able to list the components of the biosphere, and explain how global factors affect the biosphere.

23 Descending dry air absorbs moisture Trade winds Ascending moist air releases moisture Trade winds Descending dry air absorbs moisture Temperate zone Temperate zone Tropics Doldrums 0° 30° 23.5° 30°

24 Prevailing wind patterns –In the tropics the winds blow from east to west –In temperate zones, the winds blow from west to east Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. 60°N 30°N 30°S 60°S

25 Ocean Currents- created by wind, density, planet rotation, location of continents I will be able to list the components of the biosphere, and explain how global factors affect the biosphere.

26 Warm or Cool Coastal areas

27 Rainfall is affected by: I will be able to list the components of the biosphere, and explain how global factors affect the biosphere. location of mountains East Wind direction Pacific Ocean Coast Range Sierra Nevada Rain shadow Desert

28 Rainfall is affected by: I will be able to list the components of the biosphere, and explain how global factors affect the biosphere. Prevailing winds

29 Rainfall is affected by: I will be able to list the components of the biosphere, and explain how global factors affect the biosphere. Ocean Currents

30 Driest place on Earth I will be able to list the components of the biosphere, and explain how global factors affect the biosphere. Atacama Desert

31 Write Summary and Left Side Questions I will be able to list the components of the biosphere, and explain how global factors affect the biosphere.

32 1. Put the following terms in order from smallest to largest: A. biome, biosphere, community, ecosystem, organism, population B. ecosystem, organism, biome, population, community, biosphere C. community, biosphere, organism, biome, ecosystem, population D. organism, population, community, ecosystem, biome, biosphere

33 2. Which of the following is not a biotic factor in an ecosystem? A. decomposer B. flower C. sunlight D. Autotroph E. an echinoderm

34 3. A= True B= False Factors such as climate, ocean currents, and precipitation would fall under the category of biome.

35 4. A= True B= False All life on Earth requires energy from the sun.

36 5 The Earths season are created by A. It is winter when we are further from the sun and summer when it is closer to the sun. B. The Earths tilt as we revolve around the sun C. The rotation of the Earth on its axis

37 6 6. Complete the statement: As one moves farther from the equator the temperature tends to _____________. A. increase B. decrease C. Stay the Same

38 7 7. As elevation increases temperature tends to ____________ A. Increase B. Decrease C. Stay the same.

39 8 Predict which location you would expect to be warmest year round? Place A at 1 o N Place B at 30 o N Place C at 60 o S Place D at 60 o N

40 9 Predict which would have a warmer ocean current. A B C A B C

41 10 What does an ecosystem include that a community does not? A. Biotic factors B. Global wind patterns C. multiple individuals D. abiotic factors such as water

42 a I will be able to list the components of the biosphere, and explain how global factors affect the biosphere.


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