Presentation on theme: "Chapter 1 – Why is First Aid Important?"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 1 – Why is First Aid Important? Text pg. 2-6Define First Aid.What does First Aid consist of and why is it important?What items should be included in a First Aid Kit? (list 10)What are the “Good Samaritan Laws” ?These laws provide protection when the rescuer: (complete phrase)When can “Duty to Act” require someone to render First Aid?What are the types of Consent, and how is it obtained by the rescuer?Define Abandonment:Define Negligence:
2Chapter 2 – Action at an Emergency Text pg. 8-11 Size up the Scene – what are the 3 things to consider:Other Serious Conditions where you should call include: (list 8)When calling 9-1-1, be ready to give the following information (list 5)Define Blood Borne Disease, Airborne Diseases:Define Hepatitis, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), & Tuberculosis.List examples of PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) and describe how they protect you.List 6 Steps you can follow to protect yourself from disease transmission when providing care:Define Post Traumatic Stress Disorder:
3Chapter 3 – Finding Out What’s Wrong Text pg. 13-21 What is an Initial Check? What does it include?How do you Check Responsiveness?How do you ensure the Airway is Open?How do you Check for Breathing?How do you Check for Severe Bleeding?Why do you perform a Physical Exam? What do you make note of?What does DOTS stand for?Define Cyanosis:List the 4 Main Causes of Life-Threatening Injuries:What does SAMPLE stand for?
4Chapter 4 - CPR: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Text pg. 23-35 Define Heart Attack & Cardiac Arrest:List and describe the Links in the Chain of Survival:When checking for responsiveness, what do you do if there is no response?Describe how you give Rescue Breaths:Describe how you give Chest Compressions:During CPR you give ___compressions and __breaths per minute.Describe a Mild Airway Obstruction:The signs of a Severe Airway Obstruction include:Describe the Universal Sign for Choking:List the steps for assisting a responsive adult who cannot cough, speak or breath.If the victim becomes unresponsive, call____ and give____.
5Chapter 5 - AED’s A Link in the Chain of Survival pg. 37-43 Chances for survival improve dramatically with early___ & early___AED are available to rescuers in many places. (list 8)The Cardiac Chain of Survival has 4 links. What are they?Describe Ventricular Fibrillation (V-Fib) & Ventricular Tachycardia (V-Tach).Every minute that defibrillation is delayed, the victims chance of survival is decreased by ___ to ___.What does AED stand for?List 6 common elements of all AEDs.List the 7 basic operating procedures to assist any victim over the age of 1.How does water affect the use/operation of an AED?How can Medication Patches affect the use of an AED?
6Chapter 6 - Bleeding & Wounds pg. 45-53 Define Hemorrhage:List the three types of Bleeding:List and describe the 6 types of open wounds:What are the 7 steps to care for external bleeding?Define internal Bleeding:What are 4 signs of Internal Bleeding?List the 4 steps to care for Minor Internal Bleeding.List the 4 steps to care for Serious Internal Bleeding.List 7 signs that wound is becoming infected.What is Tetanus and how is it treated/prevented?The 6 steps to caring for Amputations are:To care for victims with Embedded/Impaled Objects you should (5)Define Dressing & Bandage, and what they do.List the signs that a Dressing is too tight.
7Chapter 7 – Shock: A Life-Threatening Condition pg. 55-59 What is Shock and what can it result from?What are 5 Signs of Shock?The steps for Caring for Shock include:Define Anaphylaxis:The most common causes of Anaphylaxis include:The most common signs of Anaphylaxis include:To care for victims of Anaphylaxis you should call___ and determine______.To assist with the use of an Epinephrine Auto-Injector follow these steps: (list 4)
8Burns are classified into 3 categories. What are they? Chapter 8 – Burns pgBurns are classified into 3 categories. What are they?Define First Degree, Second Degree & Third Degree.What are the 4 steps in evaluating a Thermal Burn?What are the steps for caring for a 1st Degree Burn?What are the steps for caring for a 2nd Degree Burn?What are the steps for caring for a 3rd Degree Burn?Define Chemical Burn.What are the steps for caring for a Chemical Burn?Define Electrical Burns. (three types)What are the steps for caring for an Electrical Burn?
9Chapter 9 – Head & Spinal Injuries pg. 70-79 What is the main result of a Scalp Wound?List the 3 steps in caring for a Scalp Wound.Define Skull Fracture. What is major cause of it?What are the signs of a Skull Fracture?List the steps for caring for a Skull Fracture.Define Concussion.List 5 signs of a Brain Injury.List the 5 steps for caring for a Brain Injury.What is an Eye Avulsion?List the 3 steps in caring for a cut of the eye or eyelid.
10Chapter 9 – Head & Spinal Injuries Continued pg. 70-79 11. What are the 2 types of Nosebleeds and how do you care for them?12. What the some ways to recognize a Broken Nose?13. What are the steps to caring for a Broken Nose?14. What are the most common signs of a Spinal Injury?15. What are the steps to caring for a Spinal Injury?
11Chapter 10 – Chest, Abdominal & Pelvic Injuries pg. 83-86 Define Closed Chest Injury and Open Chest Injury.What is a Flail Chest?What are the signs of a Rib Fracture?What are the steps to caring for a Rib Fracture?List the steps for caring for an Embedded Object in a victims chest.Define Sucking Chest Wound. What are it’s signs?What are the 4 steps to caring for a Sucking Chest Wound?Define Closed and Open Abdominal Injures.How do you care for a Closed Abdominal Injury?Define Protruding Organ Injury.What are the signs of a Pelvic Injury?List the steps in caring for a Pelvic Injury.
12Chapter 11 – Bone, Muscles & Joint Injuries pg. 89-99 Define Closed & Open Fractures.What are some signs of a Fracture?List and explain the 5 steps to caring for Bone Injury.List the benefits of Splinting an injury.List and define the three types of Splints.List the 7 Guidelines for Splinting.Define Sprain, Dislocation.What are the three steps in caring for Joint Injury?List and explain what the letters in R.I.C.E. stand for.Define and list signs of Muscle Strains, Muscle Contusions, and Muscle Cramps.What should you do to care for a Muscle Injury?
13Chapter 12 – Sudden Illness pg. 102-107 Define and list the signs of a Heart Attack.List the 4 steps to care for a Heart Attack.Define Angina.List steps to care for Angina.Define and list signs of a Stroke.List the steps to care for Stroke victim.Define Asthma.Define Hyperventilation. What causes it?List the signs of Breathing Difficulty.List the steps to care for Breathing Difficulty.What are the signs of a Fainting victim?List steps to care for a Fainting victim.
14Chapter 12 – Sudden Illness pg. 102-107 continued 13. Define and list signs of Seizure. 14. List steps to care for a Seizure victim. 15. Define Diabetes, Type 1 &Type Define and list signs for Hypoglycemia. 17. What should you do to care for a victim with Low Blood Sugar? 18. Define and list signs for Hyperglycemia. 19. What should you do to care for a victim with High Blood Sugar? 20. What are the signs of an Emergency During Pregnancy? 21. List steps to care for a Pregnancy Emergency.
15Chapter 13 – Poisoning pg. 111-115 Define Poison.What is Ingested Poison? What % of all poisonings happen this way?What are the signs that someone has Ingested Poison?To care for Ingested Poison, you must determine what? (3)What are the sings for Alcohol Intoxication?What are the steps for caring for Alcohol Intoxication?What are the signs of a Drug Overdose?What is Carbon Monoxide and how is it produced?How do you recognize Carbon Monoxide poisoning?List steps to care for a victim suffering from Carbon Monoxide poisoning.What are the sings and care for Plant Poisoning?
16Chapter 14 – Bites & Stings pg. 118-125 Define Rabies.What are the signs that an animal may be Rabid?List the steps to care for an Animal Bite.What are the signs for a Pit Viper Bite?List the steps to care for a Pit Viper Bite.List steps to care for a Non-Poisonous Snake Bite.What are the common signs of an Insect Bite?What are the signs of a Severe Allergic Reaction to a sting?How do you care for an Insect Sting?How do you recognize a Black Widow and Brown Recluse Bite?List steps to care for Spider Bites.How do you care for a Tick Bite?
17Chapter 15 – Heat & Cold Related Emergencies pg. 129-132 What are Heat Cramps and how do you care for them?What is Heat Exhaustion and what are the signs of it?How do you care for Heat Exhaustion?Define and list signs of Heat Stroke.How do you care for Heat Stroke?When does Frostbite affect someone?What are the most common body parts Frostbite affects?What are the signs of Frostbite?How do you care for Frostbite?Define and list signs for Hypothermia.List steps to care for Hypothermia.How do you prevent Heat Loss?
18Chapter 16 – Rescuing & Moving Victims pg. 135-138 Explain the process of “Reach-Throw-Go”.What causes most indoor electrocutions? What should you do before touching the victim?What are the steps you should take when approaching a Motor Vehicle Crash?List the steps to take when Fire is present.Define and give examples of Confined Space.What is Triage?How do you identify those needing immediate care?List signs for Immediate Care, Delayed Care, Walking Around.When should you attempt to move a victim?