Presentation on theme: "Grammar Monday 1. Eight Parts of Speech."— Presentation transcript:
1Grammar Monday 1. Eight Parts of Speech. Eight words categorize all the words and their functions in our language. Words are classified according to the jobs they perform in sentences.They are the-Eight Parts of Speech.
2Learning Targets for the Week: Memorize the parts of speech and their definitions.Analyze sentences and label each word according to its part of speech.Write expanded sentences based on a two word base of a noun and verb.
3To help remember all eight think of them in three groups. NOUNVERBADJECTIVEPRONOUNADVERBINTERJECTIONPREPOSITIONCONJUNCTION
4DEFINITIONS: A noun is the name of a person, place, or thing. List examples of nouns foreach category.NOUNADJECTIVEPRONOUN
52. Pronouns take the place of nouns. List subject pronouns. List object pronouns.NOUNADJECTIVEPRONOUN
6Adjectives modify nouns or pronouns. List examples of vividadjectives.NOUNADJECTIVEPRONOUN
7A verb shows action, being, or links a subject to a subject complement. List an example for each type of verb.VERBADVERB
8List an example for each. An adverb modifies averb, an adjective, oranother adverb.List an example for each.VERBADVERB
9Give an example of a mild interjection in a PREPOSITIONCONJUNCTIONAn interjection shows emotion but has no grammar function. Interjections may be mild or strong and are punctuated differently.Give an example of a mild interjection in asentence. Also write an example of a stronginterjection in a sentence.
10A preposition shows the relationship between its object and another word in the sentence. List several common prepositions.Use two in sentences.
11A conjunction joins two words or two groups of words together. In a sentence use a conjunction that connects two words. Inanother sentence use a conjunction that connects two groups or words.
12Close your Writer’s Notebook. Turn to an elbow partner. Name the eight parts of speech. Now reverse and the listener repeats the eight parts of speech.Could you name all eight?
13Tuesday: Open your Writer’s Notebook. List all eight parts of speech. Now add the abbreviations for each part of speech.
14Abbreviations you will need to know: noun n.pronoun pron.adjective adj.verb v.adverb adv.interjection int.preposition prep.conjunction conj.
15Moving to the next level- The next step is to analyze words in sentences based on their part of speech.
16We will be using sentences inspired by… Book Review: The United States in gone. It is now divided into 12 districts ruled by a dictatorship run from a city called the Capitol. The yearly highlight in this nightmare world is the Hunger Games- a bloodthirsty reality show in which 24 teenagers fight for survival.
17-from book poster by Noelle Picard and Amanda Degraff 24 TributesOne ArenaA Fight to the DeathOne Victor-from book poster by Noelle Picard and Amanda Degraff
18Examples of Sentence Analysis: Winning means fame and fortune.n v n conj n.Losing means certain death.n v adj n.
19Write each sentence in your Writer’s Notebook. Starvation is not an uncommon fate in District 12.With one sweep of my arm, I push her behind me.Write each sentence in your Writer’s Notebook.Identify as many parts of speech as you can. Compare your labels with your elbow partner and discuss choices.
20Starvation is not an uncommon n v. adv. adj adj.fate in District 12.n. prep n.
21With one sweep of my arm, I push her behind me. prep adj n prep. adj n.I push her behind me.pron v pron prep pron.How did you do? Which parts of speech were easy or difficult to identify?
22Learning Targets for the Week Wednesday:Learning Targets for the WeekMemorize the parts of speech and their definitions.Analyze sentences and label each word according to its part of speech.Write expanded sentences based on a two word base of a noun and verb.
23A Race to the Finish-Four students will number 1- 8 on the whiteboard. At the signal, each will list the eight parts of speech. The first one to finish wins.Now the teacher will randomly call on students for the definition for each part of speech.
24in your Writer’s Notebook. Label each part of speech. Write each sentencein your Writer’s Notebook.Label each part of speech.Peeta’s name is called, and he quietly takes his place.Peeta has absolutely wiped the rest of us off the map with his declaration of love for me.
25Note that the conjunction joins two groups of words together. Peeta’s name is called, andadj n v v conj.he quietly takes his place.pron adv v adj n.Note that the conjunction joins two groups of words together.
264. Peeta has absolutely wiped the rest n v adv v adj n.of us off the map with his declarationprep. pron. prep. adj n prep adj n.of love for me.prep n prep pron.Note the number of prepositions and preposition phrases in this sentence.
27What were the challenges in identifying the parts of speech in today’s sentences? Where do you need more practice?
28Thursday:Review: Today to review the eight parts of speech and their definitions, we will use the popcorn method.The teacher will call on the first student for a part of speech. That student will name a part of speech and then name a student who will give the definition. The process will continue until all eight parts of speech and their definitions are given. A student may be called on only once.There will be a quiz tomorrow matching parts of speech to their correct definition. Be prepared.
29Once again, write these sentences in your Writer’s Notebook and label them with parts of speech. Adrenaline shoots through me, and I sling the pack over my shoulder and run full-speed for the woods.I take a deep breath as the faces of the eleven dead tributes appear.
30Adrenaline shoots through me, and I sling n V prep pron Conj. pron v.the pack over my shoulder and run full-adj n prep. adj n conj v adj.speed for the woods.prep. adj n.
31I take a deep breath as the faces pron v adj adj n conj adj n.of the eleven dead tributes appear.prep. adj adj adj n v.AS is a conjunction that joins two groups of words. Again tomorrow is a quiz on the parts of speech. What do you need to study to do well?
32The Eight Parts of Speech NOUNVERBADJECTIVEPRONOUNADVERBINTERJECTIONPREPOSITIONCONJUNCTION
33Friday Quiz: On a half-sheet of paper or notecard number 1 through 8. Write the eight parts of speech. Exchange, correct, and return.Now as the definitions appear match them to the correct part of speech.
34Match the definition to the correct part of speech. modifies nouns and pronouns.shows emotion but has no grammatical function.
35takes the place of nouns. modifies a verb, adjective, or other adverb.
36joins two words or two groups of words together. names a person, place, or thing.
37shows action, being, or links subject to subject complement. Shows relationship between its object and another word in the sentence.
38And the answers are… noun………… f pronoun……. c adjective…… a verb…………. g adverb……… dinterjection… bpreposition… hconjunction... e
39Turn in your quiz.Did you do best with naming the parts of speech or the definitions?What do you need to do to improve your score?
40Last Learning Target--Writing In your Writer’s Notebook create a number of two word sentences consisting of a noun or pronoun plus a verb.Boring Examples: Novel Examples:Andy guessed. Katniss ran.I nodded. Peeta fell.Jill stands Darkness descended.He coughed Tributes died.How many can you write in five minutes?
41and… Now pick three 2 word sentences and expand them. Share your sentences with your neighbor.Pick the best (most powerful, interesting) sentence in the class.