2 Destination in the U.S shows… Background / ReasonsEconomic factorLack of opportunitiesInsecurityBy traditionBy own desicionTheir hometown care…History / Causes / ReasonsSolidarityDesire to create opportunitiesSocial responsabilityWishes to returnDestination in the U.S shows…Effort / Work / Craving
3 Background / The answer Strategies and Social Programs in MexicoMarginalized rural AreasImprove people skillsCreate income opportunitiesSupport family patrimonyMarginalized Urban- AreasHigh Marginalized AreasPopulation in poverty and extreme povertyActions and Social Programs with migrants in the U.SCreate confidence in MexicoAttract social investment to the countryProvide benefits to the communitiesStrengthen responsabilityTo provide transparencyOrganizationCoordinationTrainingEqual treatmentLinking
4 The 3x1 Program for Migrants The 3x1 for migrants is the federal government’s answer for supporting migrants desire of improving their hometowns through the development of community projects. Adding the participation of the government and hometown associations.To channel collective-remmitances towards social development-community projects.To benefit migrant communities with high levels of poverty or marginality.To promote creation and growth of mexican hometown associations .To strengthen civil society-government partnerships.To reinforce mexican communities networks abroad and between their hometowns.
5 Current implementation: Territorial ReachCurrent implementation:29 out of 32 statesSonoraTamaulipasTabascoTlaxcalaVeracruzYucatánZacatecasAguascalientesBaja California NorteCampecheColimaChiapasChihuahuaDurangoGuanajuatoGuerreroHidalgoJaliscoOaxacaPueblaQuerétaroQuintana RooSan Luis PotosíSinaloaMéxicoMichoacánMorelosNayaritNuevo León
6 State and local government Financing Structure(Schemme)Federal Gov. SEDESOLHTAState and local government25%25%50%Sedesol can contribute up to Dls. per project and up toDlls. in patrimonial productive projects.Exceptionally, SEDESOL may contribute up to 50% of the total cost of the project.The program’s guideline allows a 1x1 (SEDESOL- HTA) when state andlocal governments are unable or unwilling to participate in a particular project.
7 Type of projects Communitary Projects Enviromental sanitation and conservation of natural resourcesEducation, health and sportWater supply, sewer and electrificationCommunications, roads and highwaysUrbanize and paving3x1 Educational scholarshipsCommunity Productive ProjectsCommunity Social Service Projects2. Productive Projects for Patrimonial Re-enforcement (PPPR)Production-oriented projects (agriculture, livestock, service, manufacturing, etc.)Single-family (one family or one migrant). Sedesol can contribute up to $30,000 dls.Bi-Family (2 migrant families or 2 migrants from different families). Sedesol can contribute up to $50,000 dls.
8 Hometown Associations (HTA) Club de MigrantesHometown Associations (HTA)20023x1 started with 20 HTA located in 8 states of USA2010The 3x1 Program works with 1,000 HTA located in 40 states of USA
9 Developed Projects2002The 3x1 developed 942 projects in 247 local communitiesThe 3x1 has developed 14,636 projects in more than 570 local communities2010
10 Evolution 2002 - 2009 , * 2009 Pre - Cierre Elder´s House, Centers of rehabilitation for persons with disability, Cultural Centers, Museums, Public Libraries, Non profit organizations , Historic Buildings conservation.
11 Social Infraestructure/ 2002-2009 3,197 , projects of water supply, sewer system and electricityImprove communities life qualityPrevent respiratory and gastrointestinal diseasesCreate comunication routesImprove home productivityLocal development.
12 Social Infraestructure Electricity at León Cárdenas, Álvaro Obregón County, Michoacán / Club León Cárdenas (HTA), ChicagoWater supply at Cárdenas, SLP/ Club El Chaparral (HTA), TexasElecricity at Villa de Ramos, SLP / Club Unidos por San Luis (HTA) , Texas
13 Health Projects /The 3x1 Program has done 217 projects in medical infraestructure, Rehabilitation clinics and hospitals.Intensive Care roomsEmergency UnitsSurgical equipmentMedical Rural unitsUltrasound and Diagnosis15 equipped ambulances
14 Health Projects /Electrification at Hospital Ignacio Morones P., SLP/ Club Rotary Memorial, TexasHealth Center at Maní, Yucatán / Club Voces de Maní en Portland, Oregon
15 Health Center at Cieneguitas, Zac. / Club Tacoaleche, Dallas, Texas Health Projects /Health Center El Tuito, Jal. / Club Amigos de Cabo Corrientes, CaliforniaHealth Center at Tlajomulco, Jal. / Clubes Unidos Tlajomulquenses, CaliforniaRegional Hospital at Nuevo Ideal, Dgo. / Club Unidos por un Sueño, IllinoisHealth Center at Cieneguitas, Zac. / Club Tacoaleche, Dallas, Texas
16 Education Projects /The 3x1 has done 788 educational projects , such as rehabilitating schools, providing computing equipement and technologyWith migrants support ,more than 6 thousand 3x1 scholarships were given to students, in all educational levelsClassrooms and laboratoriesBathrooms and water supplyPatios and football fieldsTechnological equipment and computing
17 College at Genaro Codina, Zacatecas / Club Social Tepechitlán Education Projects /Pre-schoolPrimary SchoolJunior High SchoolHigh School at Tepatitlán, Jalisco / Club Amigos de San José de Gracia, CaliforniaTV Junior High SchoolHigh SchoolCollegeCollege at Genaro Codina, Zacatecas / Club Social Tepechitlán
18 Education Projects /Junior High school classroom at G. Samble, Elota, Sinaloa / Fraternidad Elotense, CaliforniaCollege at Chucándiro, Mich. / Club de Migrantes Chucándiro, NevadaCollege at Tochimiltzingo, Oax. / Club Gala y Amigos, CaliforniaHigh school at Casas Grandes, Chih. / Club Fundación de Amor y Esperanza, Arizona
19 Number of productive projects Created in 2009 for income generation and employment in Mexico.:391 migrant projects were approved in states.The projects are located in 184 Mexican counties.237 communities are being benefited.YearNumber of productive projects200911520102412011*35* Number of projects financed up to June 20th, 2011.
20 Some projectsAsylum at Zinapécuaro, Mich. / Club Zinapécuaro, IllinoisRehab Center for disabled childrenWakiñul / Club CaliforniaPaved Streets iatJalpan, Qro. / Club Tancoyol, IllinoisSidewalk Construction at Dzizantun, Yuc. /Club Dzizantun, California
21 ProjectsCulture House, Elota, Sinaloa / Fraternidad Elotense, CaliforniaPaving camino El Aguaje, Acaponeta, Nayarit /Club Social Acaponetense / CaliforniaSoccer field at Minatitlán, Colima / Club Minatitlán, California
22 Local Market, Atemajac de Brizuela, Jal / GAAB La Defensa, ProjectsFurniture and computing equipment at Laguna Grande, Monte Escobedo / Comunidades Unidas de Monte Escobedo, Ca.Local Market, Atemajac de Brizuela, Jal / GAAB La Defensa,Elementary School civic patio, Tarandacuao, Gto. / Club Pineda Lira , Illinois
23 Contact Sedesol Office in the United States of America: Dra. Martha Esquivel ArronaZona Centro-Oeste Los Ángeles, CA.Tel. + (213) ó (213) Ext.2435Headquarters in México City :Lic. Roberto Joaquín Galíndez GallegosZona Centro Este, Chicago, IL.Tel. + (312) Ext. 1380C.P. Malú Guerra GuerreroEncargada de la Unidad de MicrorregionesTel: (55) ó ExtMtra. Irma G. Hidalgo VegaDirectora del Programa 3x1 para MigrantesTel: (55) Ext