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Prioritizing The Nursing Problem List

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Presentation on theme: "Prioritizing The Nursing Problem List"— Presentation transcript:

1 Prioritizing The Nursing Problem List
Using the Clinical Care Classification - an evidence based Nursing terminology in the patient’s plan of care

2 Objectives Describe components of the plan of care
State the value of using evidence based care planning terms Understand the CCC Nursing terminology model within HED Develop & Document a usable care plan using CCC problem (Dx) list

3 VUMC Multi-Disciplinary Plan of Care
1 Pathway & Phase Sets timed objectives to meet discharge goals based on predominant medical or surgical plan 2 Provider Plan Orders & planned procedures 3 Multi-Disciplinary Plans Reflects provider orders Contributes specialty focus 4 Reflects patient goals

4 Pathway & Phase Choose the pathway that most closely reflects the expected patient progression. Usually the reason for admission. Medical Pathway – Heart Failure Admission – Orders & interventions are aimed at achieving stabilization ( improving pump action through diuresis, O2, hemodynamic stability, . . .) Stabilization - achieving a controlled symptoms (fluid excess control, med mgmt Discharge – Ready for self-care; or care by another caregiver. Surgical Pathway - Knee Replacement Pre-op Pre; Post-op Stabilization; Discharge

5 Managing/preventing problems can help reduce length of stay and improve the quality and cost bottom line Adverse patient effects hospital acquired conditions (infections, injuries) dissatisfaction (unhappy, lost wages) . . . Adverse VUMC effects lost revenue from under-reimbursed care days losing patients due to having no available beds . . .

6 Plans of Care The clinical team implements the medical plan of care (orders) and contributes its own specialty focus by Assessment Diagnosis Plan Intervention Outcome evaluation

7 Assessment Standards of Care (SOC*) Population based SOC
Physical Assessment (standard met/not met) Past medical/surgical/functional Assessment Baseline vital signs . . . Screening scales: braden, fall, confusion, pain Population based SOC Scales: Glascow coma, RASS, . . . More frequent and complex targeted assessment Mosby’s evidenced based guidelines (diabetes …) * SOC – care administered without need for orders

8 Nursing diagnoses = Problem List
Nursing diagnosis is "a clinical judgment about individual, family, or community responses to actual or potential health problems/life processes. Nursing diagnoses provide the basis for selection of nursing interventions to achieve outcomes for which the nurse is accountable" (NANDA, 1992 p. 5). They describe clinical nursing practice in a uniform manner.

9 Evidence Base The 182 Clinical Care Classification* (CCC) problems (dx) were derived from 40,361 nursing diagnoses and/or patient problems collected from the research study patients for an entire episode of care as requiring nursing services including the actual outcome on discharge. Standardizing our clinical terms helps us share patient info across settings and disciplines; allows us to empirically test our interventions and build new evidence to advance the profession *Developed by Virginia K. Saba, RN , PhD

10 CCC Framework for the Nursing Plan of Care
21 Categories: Skin Integrity 182 Problems (Dx): Oral Mucous Membranes Impairment 3 Expected Outcomes: Improve, Stabilize, Support decline 198 Interventions: Mouth Care 4 Actions: Assess, Care, Teach, Manage 3 Actual Outcome: Improved, Stabilized, Decline supported

11 21 CCC Categories Physiological Psych/Behavioral Functional Cardiac
Bowel/Gastric Life cycle (pregnancy) Metabolic (glucose) Physical Regulation (infection) Respiratory Skin Integrity Tissue Perfusion Urinary Medication Psych/Behavioral Cognitive Coping Health Behavior Role Relationship Self Care Self Concept Functional Activity Fluid Volume Nutrition Safety Sensory/Pain

12 CCC Problem Coding* 59 major & 123 sub-categories
Category (R) Skin Integrity R46 Skin Integrity Alteration Change in or modification of skin conditions R46.1 Oral Mucous Membranes Impairment R46.2 Skin Integrity Impairment R46.3 Skin Integrity Impairment Risk R46.4 Skin Incision R46.5 Latex Allergy R47 Peripheral Alteration   Change in or modification of vascularization of the extremities *CCC codes map directly to multi-d concepts (SNOMED) supported by NLM

13 3 CCC Outcomes Expected/Actual
1. Improve/Improved Condition will change and/or recover (fracture, pneumonia) 2. Stabilize/Stabilized Underlying Condition will not change but requires no further nursing care to maintain (asthma, heart failure) 3. Support Decline/Decline Supported Condition will change and worsen (cancer, ESRD). Nursing action supports decline.


15 Plan of Care admission documentation
____________________Plan of Care Summary________________________ Pathway: CHF (chart once) Phase: Admission (update prn) Nsg Summary: Pt admitted via ambulance in respiratory distress… Plan Priorities: IV diuretics, fluid restrictions, I&O, reduce anxiety…. ____________________Initial Problem______________________________ Priority Problem: Fluid Volume Excess May be related to: CHF, fluid intake, hi Na diet Exp Outcome: Stabilize ______________________q shift plan and outcomes__________________ Exp Outcome Detail: diurese .5L this shift Exp Outcome Status: Not Met Interventions: chart as usual

16 Activity Problems Alt = Alteration Activity Alteration
Change in or modification of energy used by the body Activity Intolerance Incapacity to carry out physiological or psychological daily activities Activity Intolerance Risk Increased chance of an incapacity to carry out physiological or psychological daily activities Activity Indifference Lack of interest or engagement in leisure activities Fatigue Exhaustion that interferes with physical and mental activities Mobility Impairment Diminished ability to perform independent movement Sleep Pattern Alteration Imbalance in the normal sleep/wake cycle Sleep Deprived Lack of the normal sleep / wake cycle MuscSkeletal Alt Change in or modification of the muscles, bones or support structures Activity Problems Alt = Alteration

17 Physical Regulation Physical Reg-Oth Hyperreflexia Hyperthermia
Change in or modification of somatic control Hyperreflexia Life threatening inhibited sympathetic response to a noxious stimuli in a person with a spinal cord injury at T7 or above Hyperthermia Abnormal high body temperature Hypothermia Abnormal low body temperature Thermoregulatory Impairment Fluctuation of temperature between hypothermia and hyperthermia Infection Risk Increased change of contamination with disease-producing germs Infection Contamination with disease-producing germs IntrCranialFluid Intracranial fluid volumes are compromised Physical Regulation

18 Prioritizing Problems
Patients have many problems, what makes it a priority problem? When it Is the patient’s priority (pain, SOB, anxiety) Keeps the patient from moving to the next phase (fluid volume excess) High probability for harm (infection risk, falls) Delays discharge Note that Day & Night shift may have different priorities (ambulation vs. sleep)

19 Choosing the best problem descriptor
Choose the problem that most closely aligns with the interventions that you will do for this phase. My pt has Heart Failure – which problem do I pick? If you are focusing on fluid mgmt (IV diuretics, I&O, lo Na diet, fluid restriction) pick Fluid Volume Excess If you are focusing on breathing treatments, choose Respiratory Alteration Neither are wrong – both may be selected

20 Maintaining a short - usable Problem list
Initiate problems thoughtfully & miserly – do not replicate standards of care unless they are a priority problem that you are actively monitoring or treating. Where possible, maintain the problems that have been started by the previous nurse until there has been significant progress towards goals or the problem has been resolved. Do not change for a slightly better descriptor. Not all problems need be addressed every shift – day and night shift will have different priorities Use the HED significance flag ! Plan Priorities reflects priorities for the next 12 hr.

21 Plan of Care Report Available now in Standard HED format
(many pages – not well formatted) Use as Backup When paper is required i.e. Transfer to another facility August 2010: A 1-2 page plan of care summary will be available. Goal – create a paper plan of care that can be used in bedside report and given to the patient and family.

22 Phase II - CCC Interventions
Example Skin Integrity Wound Care Modifiers: Assess wound care Perform wound care Teach wound care Manage wound care (consult)

23 Future: HED documentation will be mapped to the action types
RESPIRATORY CARE COMPONENT (1) Assess Breath Sounds RUL RLL LUL LLL SOB etc. (2) Perform Oxygen Therapy Care Breathing Exercises Chest PT Inhalation Ventilator Care Trach Care (3) Manage/Refer/Notify (4) Teach

24 Phase III – Reports & Views
1. Printed Plan of Care to share with the patient and/or upload to 2. Visualizing the problem list through Dashboards Staff Nurse View Unit Manager View Exec/Admin Views

25 Graphical Display of Priority Problems
Problems key:  Priority  Resolving  Resolved Staff Nurse View cues to: #1 CHF : Monitor cardiac, perfusion, fluid balance, resp #2 Diabetic: Monitor glucose, diet, and skin #3 CABG: Ambulate CABG & protect from falls #4 Unknown: Diarrhea, fever, hypercapneic

26 Graphical Display of Priority Problems
Charge Nurse View Entire unit Possible C-Diff outbreak

27 Graphical Display of Priority Problems
Exec View Entire Hospital Highlights Discharge Concerns Or Opportunities For targeted education & surveillance

28 Spread the word Look for opportunities to use the CCC terms framework in your current work.

29 Plan of Care Exercise Think about a recent patient and review their pathway Fracture Burn Asthma COPD Check of 3-5 high priority problems from the handout Refer to Mosby’s evidence based plans of care if needed

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