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United States Currency Supernote Overview. Briefing Topics: 1. Background on genuine U.S. currency 2. What is Supernote? 3. Production Similarities to.

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Presentation on theme: "United States Currency Supernote Overview. Briefing Topics: 1. Background on genuine U.S. currency 2. What is Supernote? 3. Production Similarities to."— Presentation transcript:

1 United States Currency Supernote Overview

2 Briefing Topics: 1. Background on genuine U.S. currency 2. What is Supernote? 3. Production Similarities to Genuine U.S. currency 4. Defects associated with Supernote 5. Investigative/Suppression Strategy 6. Investigative Concerns, Issues and BGS support 2

3 Genuine U.S. Currency 3

4 $870 billion banknotes (genuine) in circulation worldwide 2/3 of all U.S. banknotes (genuine) circulate overseas 3/4 of all $100 banknotes circulate overseas 4

5 5 Intaglio Press at US Treasurys Bureau of Engraving & Printing (BEP)

6 6 Typographic Press at B E P

7 US Banknote Security Features Paper – pure cotton, texture/synthetic mix Crane & Company exclusive security paper supplier since 1879 Optical variable ink w/colors Fluorescent fibers Magnetic threads Intaglio printing press Holographic labels/threads Mould watermarks/color pigment/artwork Multi-color security lines, micro threads

8 What is Supernote? 8

9 Supernote is a family of superior quality counterfeit notes First Detected in 1989 – Philippines $63 Million in worldwide activity to date (4/09) Average: $3.2 Million per year The USSS refers to Supernote as the C & C families Older style small heads Newer style big heads The family is composed of 20 forensically and/or investigatively allied counterfeit notes 9

10 Supernote: Production & Similarities to Genuine 10

11 How is Supernote Printed? The manufacturers of Supernote use the same printing methods as the U.S. Bureau of Engraving & Printing in the printing of genuine U.S. currency. Printed on reverse engineered paper: Similar in composition to genuine U.S. currency paper Security features within paper: Red & blue security fibers, Embeded security thread (red under UV) Watermark is present within Inks & design difference? 11

12 Supernote: Via Transmitted Light 12 Security Watermark Security Strip Red & Blue Security Fibers

13 13

14 14 Genuine Security Thread Counterfeit

15 15 Genuine Security Thread Counterfeit

16 16 CounterfeitWatermark GenuineWatermark

17 Supernote: Forensic Design/Ink Defects 17

18 18 C-21555, C-22485, C-22500, C The N Defect Supernote Defects

19 19 Genuine Counterfeit

20 20 C-21555, C-22485, C-22500, C Supernote Defects The Cellar Door Defect

21 21 Counterfeit (very defined) Genuine (very faint)

22 USSS forensic website BGS HK/FRA/UK

23 Smuggling methods for $100 Supernote

24 24 Methods to Import Counterfeit

25

26 26 Methods to Import Counterfeit 1 2 3

27 27 Methods to Import Counterfeit 12 34

28 Investigative Initiatives & Concerns … 28

29 29 Quality vs. Quantity Detection Challenges Investigative Challenges / State Sponsorship Initiatives & Concerns:

30 Questions/ Discussion…


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