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Development of GI Policy in South Korea Development of GI Policy in South Korea 2013. 9. 26. Byongnam Choe KRIHS

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Presentation on theme: "Development of GI Policy in South Korea Development of GI Policy in South Korea 2013. 9. 26. Byongnam Choe KRIHS"— Presentation transcript:

1 Development of GI Policy in South Korea Development of GI Policy in South Korea Byongnam Choe KRIHS

2 Introduction NGIS Master Plans Development of GI Policy Concluding Remarks Contents

3 Introduction

4 Dadongyeojido Land Survey Project Topographic maps produced by U.S Army NGIS project 1974 Cadastral map (1912) Digital map Topographic map (1/25000) History of GI Production Topographic map (1/5000)

5 3.8m 6.7m Map Legend Source : 5 Measure on foot (Chosun Dynasty) Producer : Jungho Kim Year : 1861 Measurement method : on foot Scale : 1:216,000 Printing : Woodblock printing No. of woodblocks : 121 Entire size : 3.8mX6.7m Map Books of 22 volumes. Size of the book : 20cmX30cm 32km 48km Dadongyeojido

6 Spatial Non- spatial COMPUTERIZATION Hardware Unit task Limited users within department INFORMATIZATION S/W, Data Business process Many users within organization Convergence Information service Inward and outward service Citizen and business 1980s 1990sFirst decade of 21 st :The1 st /2 nd Government Computerization Project -Digitalization of administrative data -Electronic issue of civil service document 2002-:The3 rd /4 th E-government Project -Enforcement of e-government service -Development of ubiquitous computing 2004-:IT 839Strategy -Strategies for developing IT industry : The1 st NGIS Project - Digitalization of spatial data(map) :The2 nd NGIS Project - Informatization based on spatial data - Internet information service to the public :The3 rd NGIS Project - Information service based on spatial data 1989:Road Facility Register(Taegu) 1990 : Water Supply Facility(Gwangju) - Digitalization of spatial data(map) Stages of National Informatization :TheNational Informatization Project -Informatization of business process -Definition of core national service areas 1 st /2 nd 1980s

7 NGIS Master Plans

8 A few local governments & public organizations used GIS in the early 90s => Data duplication, difficulty in sharing data Issues such as environment pollution, infrastructure deterioration, natural disaster, and accident => LNG explosions in and 95.4 => Lowered national competitiveness Insufficient technological capability of the private sector => Government-led investments for GIS applications Backgrounds of NGIS

9 : the 1 st NGIS Master Plan 1995 – 2000 : The creation stage of GIS bases : Enactment of the NGIS Law Projected Investment (billion KRW) : : the 2 nd NGIS Master Plan 2001 – 2005 : The spread stage of GIS applications Projected Investment (billion KRW) : : the 3 rd NGIS Master Plan 2006 – 2010 : The advanced stage of GIS applications : Enlargement from 1 Department to Enactment of the NSDI Law Projected Investment (billion KRW) : 1, : the 4th NGIS Master Plan Milestones of NGIS Projects 9

10 CategoryThe 1 st (95~00)The 2 nd (01~05)The 3 rd (06~9) Spatial Data Make digital topographic maps and cadastral maps Make thematic maps such as land use maps Build framework data Build framework data (continued) Build 3D image data Key Applications Underground facility information management system( ) Geographic information clearinghouse( ) Urban planning information system( ) Korea planning support system( ) National spatial information system( ) Korea land information system( ) Land management information system( ) Parcel-based land information system( ) Summary of NGIS Projects

11 CategoryThe 1 st (95~00)The 2 nd (01~05)The 3 rd (06~9) GIS technology Mapping technology DB tool GIS S/W 3D GIS High resolution satellite image processing Intelligent spatial information technology Standard Data standard of digital topographic maps Geographic data/ service/ exchange standard Data standard of framework data Data service standard Human Resource Training Designated professional institutes On/off-line training Designated hub university On/off-line training Designated graduate school of spatial information Strategy Research Research for project support Projected Investment (billion KRW) ,394.0 Summary of NGIS Projects 11

12 Digitizing Topographic Maps Rural areas : 1 / 5000 (existing maps) Mountain areas : 1 / (existing maps) Urban areas : 1 / 1000 (new) Production of Digital Map Digitizing cadastral maps and thematic maps Cadastral maps (existing maps) Mountain areas : 1/3000, 6000 Urban and rural area : 1/500, 600, 1000, 1200 Thematic maps (existing maps) Land use : 1/1200 – 1/25000 Geology : 1/25000 Ecology : 1/25000

13 Investment of NGIS Projects Total Applications DB Trend(total)

14 Development of GI Policy

15 Public Informatization Based on GI Application Systems LMIS, UFMIS, KOPSS Public Informatization Based on GI Application Systems LMIS, UFMIS, KOPSS GI Technology Development GIS Tool GI Convergence GI Content Business GI Technology Development GIS Tool GI Convergence GI Content Business Goal of the Master Plan Plan for Individual Project 15 National competitiveness Improved productivity of administrative works/information services for citizens =>better quality of life/new business opportunity National competitiveness Improved productivity of administrative works/information services for citizens =>better quality of life/new business opportunity Framework of NGIS Master Plan Basic environment for Sharing GI Digital Map Standardization Distribution System GI Technology(R&D) Human Resource Training Strategy Researches Basic environment for Sharing GI Digital Map Standardization Distribution System GI Technology(R&D) Human Resource Training Strategy Researches

16 Stages of GI Policy SDI establishment Application facilitation Service integration (GI convergence)

17 Paradigm Shift of GI Policy From government supply-basis to user demand-basis From public sector application to private sector application From single topic application to cross-cutting application From simple material management to decision-making process support From individual application of an organization to value network at the national-level

18 Concluding Remarks

19 Mechanism of GI Policy GI Policy in circulating structure consisting of causal relationships among different variables

20 SDI establishment as the key of GI policy Demand-driven development of baseline GI (framework data) as core of SDI policy Important to see forest and wood simultaneously Need to understand the entire mechanism Issues of GI Policy

21 Thank You. Thank You


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