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LANGUAGE, POWER AND AUTHORITY LECTURE 2 GEOFFROY DE VILLEHARDOUIN CONQUESTE DE CONSTANTINOPLE.

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Presentation on theme: "LANGUAGE, POWER AND AUTHORITY LECTURE 2 GEOFFROY DE VILLEHARDOUIN CONQUESTE DE CONSTANTINOPLE."— Presentation transcript:

1 LANGUAGE, POWER AND AUTHORITY LECTURE 2 GEOFFROY DE VILLEHARDOUIN CONQUESTE DE CONSTANTINOPLE

2 HIGH STATUS/LOW STATUS FunctionsHighLow ReligionYesNo EducationYesNo Admin/LawYesNo Talking to a childNoYes Talking to servantsNoYes LiteratureYesNo Folk-talesNoYes

3 HIGH-STATUS LANGUAGES 1. ACCEPTANCE 2 CODIFICATION 3. ELABORATION

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5 A French manuscript of the Lancelot legend. Illuimination shows Lancelot and Guinivere. Thirteenth century.

6 THE CRUSADES 1095: 1 ST CRUSADE 1099: TAKES JERUSALEM 1145: 2 ND CRUSADE 1187: FALL OF JERUSALEM 1188: 3 RD CRUSADE (PHILIP AND RICHARD COEUR DE LION) 1204: 4 TH CRUSADE

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19 Available as a 1000x1500 pixel JPEG. The original four horses adorning St. Mark's Cathedral (replicas are installed outside today) Return to what you were reading by using your browser's Back button. Or you can try clicking here to go back copyright 1996 Note: you can personalize this site. If you want to change the default image size that you get after clicking on a thumbnail, then just tell us what you'd prefer.a 1000x1500 pixel JPEGclicking here to go back copyright 1996 tell us what you'd prefer

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27 Declension of nouns Sing.Pl. Li mursLi mur Le murLes murs

28 Word Order Verb Subject Ensi furent mult cumunel li Grieu et li Francois de totes choses …..

29 Word Order Del damage ne de lavoir ne de la richesse VbSubj. qui la fu perdue ne vos porroit nus conter …

30 Pronouns – or lack of … Or poez savoir ….. Et ne sai …….

31 Vocabulary -- lexis Saintuaires < Lat. sanctuarius, c Cf. Apostele < apostulus, c Virgene < virgine, c Angele < angulus, c. 1140

32 Vocabulary – lexis Cumunel, = united, c Criminel < criminalis, c Defense < defensa, c Testimonie < testimonia, c Heriter < hereditare, c. 1150

33 Vocabulary -- lexis Papegai < Arabic babbegac, 1190 Girafe < Arabic zurafa, 1280 Arsenal < Arabic dar-senac, 1266 Alchimie < Arabic al-Kimija, c. 1260


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