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The Impact of Migration Section 3. Learning outcomes The impact migration has on population size The impact migration has on population size Impact on.

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Presentation on theme: "The Impact of Migration Section 3. Learning outcomes The impact migration has on population size The impact migration has on population size Impact on."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Impact of Migration Section 3

2 Learning outcomes The impact migration has on population size The impact migration has on population size Impact on population distribution Impact on population distribution Impact on service provision Impact on service provision Implications on economic activity Implications on economic activity Implications on the physical environment Implications on the physical environment 2 case studies: Achill Island and Delhi 2 case studies: Achill Island and Delhi

3 The impact of migration An area of origin is a place from which emigrants leave An area of origin is a place from which emigrants leave An area of destination is a place to which immigrants go An area of destination is a place to which immigrants go The process of migration has consequences for both- this can be either positive or negative The process of migration has consequences for both- this can be either positive or negative

4 Impact on population size An area of origin must inevitably grow les quickly if some people leave An area of origin must inevitably grow les quickly if some people leave However 10 million people moved from LEDCs to MEDCs between this did not affect overall numbers in general as growth rates are relatively high However 10 million people moved from LEDCs to MEDCs between this did not affect overall numbers in general as growth rates are relatively high LEDCs are mainly affected by rural- urban migration- the rural areas being left behind. LEDCs are mainly affected by rural- urban migration- the rural areas being left behind.

5 Impact on population distribution Migration also affects population distribution. Migration also affects population distribution. Mainly at a national scale as opposed to a global scale. Mainly at a national scale as opposed to a global scale. Rural- urban migration Rural- urban migration MEDCs trend in reverse, now have counterurbanisation. MEDCs trend in reverse, now have counterurbanisation.

6 Implications for service provision Service provision can include shops (commercial), and also public facilities such as health, education and justice Service provision can include shops (commercial), and also public facilities such as health, education and justice Threshold population needs to be considered for each area to ensure it is viable to have a service Threshold population needs to be considered for each area to ensure it is viable to have a service Areas suffering from emigration may find their commercial services cut first Areas suffering from emigration may find their commercial services cut first Public services may survive longer as it is the states responsibility to provide Public services may survive longer as it is the states responsibility to provide Modern day society has witnessed primary schools, hospitals closing and people have to travel further to obtain these services. Modern day society has witnessed primary schools, hospitals closing and people have to travel further to obtain these services.

7 Implications for economic activities Affected by out- migration particularly the rural areas Affected by out- migration particularly the rural areas E.g. farming in LEDCs- the rural economy suffers as young adults move to the city in search of work. E.g. farming in LEDCs- the rural economy suffers as young adults move to the city in search of work. Positive side to migration- the origin country receives remittances back fro the migrants e.g. Mexico received $8million from migrants in the USA Positive side to migration- the origin country receives remittances back fro the migrants e.g. Mexico received $8million from migrants in the USA

8 Implications for the physical environment Out migration can bring environmental problems if land and property is abandoned, water control systems neglected etc. Out migration can bring environmental problems if land and property is abandoned, water control systems neglected etc.

9 Out- migration: a spiral of decline Out migration of the young Out migration of the young Ageing population Ageing population Low birth rates Low birth rates Long term population decline Long term population decline Reduced demand for goods and services Reduced demand for goods and services Les opportunity for economic activity Les opportunity for economic activity Reduced competitiveness Reduced competitiveness High transport costs High transport costs Increased cost of living Increased cost of living Less attractive place to live Less attractive place to live

10 Impact on receiving areas- positive New people in the area- increased demand for commercial services New people in the area- increased demand for commercial services New workers New workers Increased trade Increased trade Cheap labour Cheap labour

11 Impact on receiving areas- negative Public service under too much pressure Public service under too much pressure Accommodation problems- shanty towns Accommodation problems- shanty towns Health and education services under pressure Health and education services under pressure Pressure on water and sewage systems Pressure on water and sewage systems Transport and infrastructure becomes overloaded Transport and infrastructure becomes overloaded Pollution Pollution

12 Case studies Keeping this information in mind- look at two case studies Keeping this information in mind- look at two case studies Out- migration and the impact on Achill Island, Ireland Out- migration and the impact on Achill Island, Ireland In- Migration and the impact on Delhi, India In- Migration and the impact on Delhi, India


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