Presentation on theme: "The May 29, 2008 AMS Webinar on a National Climate Service Edward OLenic Chair, AMS Committee on Climate Services Chief, Operations Branch, NOAA-NWS-CPC."— Presentation transcript:
The May 29, 2008 AMS Webinar on a National Climate Service Edward OLenic Chair, AMS Committee on Climate Services Chief, Operations Branch, NOAA-NWS-CPC
The Committee on Climate Services (CCS) of the American Meteorological Society is sponsoring a webinar from 1:00-3:00 PM. May 29, 2008. FOCUS ISSUE: Community* Discussion of a National Climate Service (*private, government, and university sectors). The AMS is seeking feedback from the panel and audience about the roles and responsibilities of the sectors involved in producing and using climate information. Format: Webex conference, with a panel of 4, including: - Chet Koblinsky, Director of the NOAA Climate Program Office; - Paul G. Knight, President of the American Association of State Climatologists; - Bradley Udall, Director of the Western Water Assessment; - Steve Root, President, Commercial Weather Services Association (CWSA), and President and CEO of WeatherBank, Inc. Chet Koblinsky will have 20 minutes to talk about the formation of a National Climate Service. Each of the other panelists will have 10 minutes to make their points. The remaining time will go to a) panelists answering spontaneous questions from the audience, b) panelists answering questions submitted by the audience before the conference. Announcement and Agenda
Proceedings of the National Academy of the United States of America Role of NCS: connect climate science to decision-relevant questions, support building capacity to anticipate, plan for, and adapt to climate fluctuations. Partnership with stakeholders. -Miles et al, PNAS, October 13, 2006. Built on three basic components: -Global Observations -Global Modeling -Global Research Centered on Users
Live Poll of Participants Six questions were asked of users. The results were tabulated and fed-back to participants immediately.
1. How would you rate your knowledge of plans for a National Climate Service? a.None 8/49 (16%) b.Some 24/49 (49%) c.Considerable 13/49 (27%) No Answer 4/49 (8%)
2.A National Climate Service will be: a. Good for me and my organization 43/49 (88%) b. Have no effect on me and my organization 2/49 (4%) c. Be bad for me and my organization 0/49 (0%) No Answer 4/49 (8%)
3. In the United States science is: a. Highly regarded by the public 13/49 (27%) b. Given average credence by the public 32/49 (65% c. Mistrusted and looked- down upon by the public 0/49 (0%) No Answer 4/49 (8%)
4. The process for planning a National Climate Service needs to be: a. Completely transparent 32/49 (65%) b. Partly transparent 13/49 (27%) c. Confidential 0/49 ( 0%) No Answer 4/49 (8%)
5.I: a.Strongly support forming a National Climate Service 35/49 (71%) b. Am indifferent about forming a National Climate Service 10/49 (20%) c. Am hostile toward forming a National Climate Service. 1/49 (2%) No Answer 3/49 (6%)
6.I believe that weather and climate services should be: a. Privatized completely 0/49 (0%) b. A partnership among public, private and university sectors 44/49 (90%) c. A government-only set of Activities 2/49 (4%) No Answer 3/49 (6%)
What Climate Services are Needed? Western Governors Association (Jones, 2007): - More accurate, finer-resolution long range forecasts - Continued and expanded funding for data collection, monitoring and prediction - Partnership with state climatologists, RCCs, agricultural extension services, resource management agencies, state and local governments.
What Will We Do, Everyday, in an NCS? DELIVER an Adaptable Set of Products and Services - Built on existing Operations Infrastructure
The Climate Issue du jours, from extreme events to global climate change Regionally-Downscaled Week 2 to Inter-Annual (ISI) Forecasts, decision- support products Observed data and data-derived climate products Real-time analysis and diagnosis User interactions/questions Re-Analysis Research Decadal-Centennial projections Maintain the existing observing system Implement new observing systems ………………….. Data rescue What Will We Do, Everyday, in an NCS? DELIVER an Adaptable Set of Products and Services - Built on existing Operations Infrastructure
The Climate Issue du jours from extreme events to global climate change – WFOs, RCC, SC, NDMC, USGS, CPC, NCDC Regionally-Downscaled Week 2 to Inter-Annual (ISI) Forecasts, decision- support products - CPC, NIDIS, PRIVATE Observed data and data-derived climate products - NCDC, RCC, USGS, PRIVATE, WFOs Real-time analysis and diagnosis - CPC, NCDC, PRIVATE User interactions/questions – PRIVATE, RCC, SC, NCDC, WFOs Re-Analysis - EMC Research - RISAs, NCEP, OAR, PRIVATE, Universities Decadal-Centennial projections - NCEP, GFDL, PRIVATE Maintain the existing observing system - NCDC, RCC, USGS Implement new observing systems - NCDC, RCC, USGS Data rescue - NCDC, RCC, PRIVATE
Proceedings of the National Academy of the United States of America Need four basic components: -Global Observations -Global Modeling -Global Research -Product Delivery Centered on Users Delivery of products users actually want ties everything together.
NOAAs Climate Test Bed (CTB): Facilitating Delivery of Products and Services Mission: To accelerate the transition of scientific advances from the climate research community to improved NOAA climate forecast products and services. Vision: To significantly increase the accuracy, reliability, and scope of NOAA's suite of operational climate forecast products to meet the needs of a diverse user community. Located at the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) in Camp Springs, MD.
Bridging Research, Operations, Users Assumed User Needs ? GOVT. PROVIDERS Use it if you can Basic data and Forecasts Basic Research
Bridging Research, Operations, Users Intermediary Applications Products (CTB-RISA/PRIVATE/RCC/SC-SBIR) USER NEEDS IDENTIFIED Decision-Support Development ? GOV PROVIDERS (CPC/EMC) NCEP/NCDC/USGS CTB SUPPOPRT Use refinement Transfer User-Vetted products GOV PROVIDERS Technical Refinement Use it if you can Basic data, Forecasts Basic Research: Models, MME, Statistical Methods GOV OPS PRIVATE OPS Transfer User-Vetted products O2R: Model Test Facility R2O: CTB users Basic Research O2R R2O REQUIREMENTS Assumed User Needs
How to Maintain Long-Term Relationships Among Partners? Ensure a continuous flow of requirements from users toward research. Components closest to each other have the most in common and engage in active dialogue and iterative development. Annual meeting among components The only permanent member is the government. May need a Climate Extension function, operated by the government.
Source: The Washington Post Outlook Section, July 13, 2008
Summary Webinar held May 29, 2008, 1-3 PM. 52 registered attendees, 4 speakers/panelists. Overall very positive attitude among attendees. Partnership and transparency desired. Involving users in iteratively optimizing products needed. Western Governors place forecasts, observations, partnership at the top of the list. Model for R->O->U needs to allow iteration/partnership (R O U) CTB helps avoid the valley of death between research and operations Global-National-Regional observing system stewardship looms large. 6 of top 20 news/media June 2008 sites were weather-related. 10s-100s of B$ at stake. Climate will only add to this.
Audience Questions Q16: FROM Ryan Boyles: The introduction noted that the Federal Government cannot provide climate monitoring networks at the local level, and that's where state and local levels involvement steps in. Does that then lead to a hodge podge of sensors, networks, and standards? CHET: The NCS should help lead us in how we could build a national set of standards that partners or providers could work towards to meet. Climate standards must be rigorous if they are to aid in looking at the long term trends of extremes; this is probably a Federal Government function. One consensus has it that the more data, the more sensors and the more locations of sensors, from many agencies and the private sector, the better; provided that they have metadata with a qualifier: e.g., some have said they would happily take a poorer quality observation in an area where there is no other data, or where the data have lower levels of quality reflecting the different functions that set the requirement for the observation. The concept is, Flag all data that does not meet the standard and users can determine whether they wish to use the data. The American Association of State Climatologists has teams specifically addressing that.
OBSERVING SYSTEM | MODELING CAPABILITY | PARTNERSHIPS These are where the biggest responsibility, expense, long-term risk, and rewards may lie.