Presentation on theme: "Note Page 16 “Andrew Jackson” Old Hickory! By Morgan J. Burris."— Presentation transcript:
1Note Page 16“Andrew Jackson”Old Hickory!By Morgan J. Burris
2Intro to Andrew Jackson Andrew Jackson was elected with wide popular support.As President, he stood up for federal authority, tried to move Native American to the West, and fatally undermined the Bank of the United States.A new party, the Whigs, emerged to oppose him.
3The Election of 1824 Video Clip Election of 1824 -no winner of electoral college-John Q. Adams chosen over Jackson as President-Called corrupt bargain because Jackson had most votes-Jackson’s supporters formed Democratic Party and opposed Adams’ policiesVideo ClipMy thoughtsExactly!
4New Era in Politics Election of 1828 -high voter turnout b/c voting requirements had been lowered-previous voting laws had limited voting to property owning white males-Jackson appealed to the “Common Man”-Jackson becomes first western President-1832 Jackson re-electedfirst use of national nominating conventionsJackson won the election running as a war hero and the people’ s man, he opened his White House gala to the public…. Just imagine…
6→ Jackson’s view - Gov’t jobs are “so plain and simple” Jackson’s Presidency-”Common Man”’s President-creation of the Spoils System – give friends and supporter gov’t jobs for helping you get elected…-greater democracy, but women and minorities still ignored-Great Silence over the issue of slavery→ Jackson’s view - Gov’t jobs are “so plain and simple”
7II. The Nullification Crisis: Resentment about high tariffs led Southern states toclaim that states could declare a federal law null or void.A. The Debate over NullificationEarly 1800’s, SC economy started to decline, many people blamed tariffs. Because South had few industries, it had to purchase manufactured goods usually English goods at high prices.1. Tariff of Abomination – yet another new national tariff in 18282. SC threatened to secede from the Union3. John C. Calhoun was Vice President and from State of SC4. Calhoun put forth idea of nullification – since states had created the federal union, they should have power to reject it…5. Series of debates in Jan 1830 betweenRobert Hayne (SC) and Daniel Webster (MA)
8B. Jackson Defends the Union The war of words erupted into a full confrontation in 1832 when Congress passed yet another tariff law…1. New law cut tariffs significantly , but still not enough for SC2. SC hold special state convention in Nov nullifying the tariffs of 1828 and as unconstitutional.3. Jackson saw nullification as treason, sent warship to Charleston.
91833 Force Bill – authorizing president to use military force to enforce ‘acts’5. Senator Henry Clay passed bill to gradually lower tariffs until 1842 / SC repealed its nullification.6. Both sides claimed victory…..
10The Nullification Crisis: -debate over high tariffs-Tariff of Abominations – yet another national tariff.-John C. Calhoun – Vice President & from SC!-theory of nullificationCalhoun’s “S.C. Exposition and Protest”-S.C. threatens secession-Jackson threatens the use of force-Henry Clay organizes a compromise
11Policies Toward Native Americans During Andrew Jackson’s administration Native American groups were forced to relocate onto western reservations.A. Jackson’s commitment to extend democracy did not extend to natives or Africans. During inaugural address, he declared to move all Native Americans to the Great Plains (most whites believed it was a vast wasteland / no water). If moved, conflict with whites would be over.
12B. Indian Removal Act: 1830 bill provided money to relocate natives. 1. Cherokee of Georgia had adapted to white customs. Sued state of GA and WON in Worchester v. Georgia, but Jackson refused to enforce their rights…2. Martin Van Buren sent in the army 1838 to force march the Cherokee from northern Georgia to Oklahoma, over 4000 died Trail of Tears.3. By 1838, most tribes east of Mississippi had be relocated to reservations.
13Indian Policy Indian Policy -different views about Indian policy -Indian Removal Act, 1830 – provides money to move Natives-Cherokee takes the issue to the Supreme Court and wins-Worchester v. Georgia-Jackson ignores the court and orders removal-Trail of Tears, 1838 – Over 4000 of the Cherokee die on way to OK
14IV. Jackson Battles the National Bank Jackson deliberately destroyed the national bank, his opponents formed a new political party.A. Many westerners regarded national bank as a monopoly to benefit the rich. Bank was critical in regulating currency / keeping it stable. Most state banks could not produce the “hard cash” (gold and silver) to back their paper currency.1. National bank would collect state notes to force moderation / control interest rates on loans / help preventing inflation.2. Jackson vetoed charter to extend bank existence.3. Jackson easily wins second term, paints bull’s eye on Nat. Bank.4. Jackson pulls all federal gov’t deposits from bank, slow death…
15National Bank National Bank -Jackson disliked the Bank of the U.S. -thought it an abuse of power and served the wealthy first-thought it lacked the constitutional ability to exist-Jackson vetoed the new charter for the bank and withdrew all gov’t funds-Jackson placed gov’t funds in favored state banks which critics called the “Pet Banks” which led to a monetary crisis
16(after the British who worked to limit the King’s power.) New Party forms to oppose Jackson The Whigs(after the British who worked to limit the King’s power.)It revitalizedtwo party system!
17Video Clip on Andrew Jackson Disney – American Presidents“Andrew Jackson”Andrew Jackson: Good, Evil,and the PresidencyAndrew Jackson: The FirstImperial President
18- Buren like party believed in “limited fed. Gov’t” = did nothing…. C. Martin Van Buren- New Whig party was no match for Jackson’s Democratic Party, Martin Van Buren wins election of 1836.- Panic of 1837: Economic Crisis, banks and businesses fail, thousands lose their farms and lands.- Buren like party believed in“limited fed. Gov’t” = did nothing….
19Van Buren Van Buren -Martin Van Buren was elected after Jackson -suffered b/c of Jackson’s bank policies-Panic of 1837 left many in bad economic situations-Newly formed Whig party gains strength
20Mom always said to wear your coat! D. Election of 1840Whigs run Gen. William Henry Harrison, his running mate is former Democrat from the south, John Tyler, to pull southern to their party vote…1. Harrison refuses to wear coat / hat during 2 hr speech, dies 32 days later….2. Once in office this “Whig” returns to former Democratic policies. CRAP!Mom always said to wear your coat!
21Harrison & Tyler Harrison and Tyler -War hero William Henry Harrison becomes first Whig President-Harrison dies 1 month into office-John Tyler is first V.P. to become President