Presentation on theme: "Decentralisation of energy in Malta. An Advocacy Plan."— Presentation transcript:
Decentralisation of energy in Malta. An Advocacy Plan
How it started: No initial intention of choosing the assignment. Interest was aroused when searching the internet and stumbled in a particular website.
Steps required: 1.Gathering information: (What is decentralised energy? What are the benefits? Can it really be a solution?) 2.Applying it to local context: (Can decentralised energy be applied in a local context? What opposition/help could be met in its implementation? What structural changes would be needed for its introduction?) 3.Formulate an advocacy plan: (What steps do I need to take to get the message across? Who can help me with this? How will I convince people about it?)
Decentralised Energy: electricity production at or near the point of use, irrespective of size, technology or fuel used – both off-grid and on-grid. Centralized renewables are a move in the right direction but decentralized renewables are the destination. World Alliance for Decentralised Energy
A revolutionary concept: Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Also known as cogeneration. Makes additional use of waste heat produced when fuel is burnt to produce electricity. Waste heat can be used to heat space/water. Waste heat can be used in conjunction with an absorption chiller for cooling or refrigeration. Can use a variety of fuels (gas-coal-methane-wood chips).
Applying to local context: o 18 strategically located distribution centres o 1075 indoor substations for domestic use
Applying to local context: Use current infrastructure by converting these Distribution Centres and sub-stations for energy production on a localised level. These are to act as the heart of the energy centre producing combined electricity and thermal useful energy from CHP generators using renewable fuels. These can be used to provide base load to meet electrical demands of three to four surrounding villages or towns. Electricity demand is to be supplemented from micro- generation technologies such as PV panels and wind turbines placed on public buildings, private roofs and open spaces, not excluding other forms of energy from waste, biogas from sewage, waves and fuel cells where possible. This should be backed with reducing energy consumption strategies like installation of solar water heaters, energy efficient buildings, use of energy efficient bulbs and appliances.
The Advocacy Plan
Mission Statement: We strive towards achieving the democratisation and decentralisation of energy generation and distribution based on renewable sources of energy that is owned by residents and businesses within the locality in order to stimulate social equity and green economic growth whilst taking care of the environment and enhancing the quality of life of Maltese citizens.
Goals Short – Term By the end of the first six months we will have met twice with political partys representatives responsible for the environment, health, economy, education, energy and resources. By the end of the first year we will have organised a set of business breakfasts in various hotels around the island with various institutions and individuals (Political representatives, Chamber of Commerce, ETC, Unions, Local Councils, Suppliers, Businesses, NGOs, CSOs, UOM, etc.) who are key stakeholders and/or will be key actors in the DE process. In eighteen months time we will have started an awareness media campaign on TV programmes, newspapers and the internet. Medium - Term By the end of the first two years a delegation will visit 3 foreign cities to see Decentralised Energy in practice in Copenhagen (Denmark), London (England) and Pisa (Italy). By the end of the third year our premises will be converted to self-sustaining energy generation using renewable sources of energy. By April of 2017, with the aid of Local Councils, NGOs and CSOs we would have organised family activities in all localities around Malta and Gozo. By June 2018 the Government would have committed its strategy for democratisation and decentralisation of energy and energy efficiency policy. Long - Term By end of 2018 all Local Councils will have submitted the Feasibility Study Report on the best renewable energy mix for their locality. By 2020 we will have two regions using DE, having more than 15% of electricity generation coming from renewable sources of energy. By 2036 all localities in the Maltese Islands will be generating their own electricity (in a DE setup) from renewable sources becoming a Zero Carbon Emission Country with regards to power generation.
Budgeting Goal Cost Funding Organisation of business breakfast 3000 Budget allocated pre-advocacy plan from Good Causes Fund Awareness and publicity campaign 90,000 Fund raising activities within organisation Visits Abroad 12,000 Help from international partners Conversion of premises 20,000 Sponsors from suppliers Family activities in each locality 15,000 / loc. Income from activities themselves Feasibility study reports 960,000 EU Funding Conversion of region to DE Depends on energy mix adopted Government to apply for EU Funds – Public/Private investing in Green Shares People Presently AvailablePeople Expected to be availableUseful Community Links Our management Our PRO Our Communic. Officer Procurement Officer Our clerical staff Members (approx. 10) International Partners Our Web designer Staff from Local Council Environmental NGOs Suppliers of RE Technology Local businessman Experts on RE technology and installation to carry out reports Local Councils Civil Society Organisations Local businesses Local artists Human Resources
Level of Support Sources of Support HighMediumLowDifficult to decide Rationale Architects × Opportunity of profession to move forward due to designs of efficient homes. Chamber of Commerce × Reduction in utility tariffs and creation of jobs stimulate economic growth. Educational Institutions × More specialised courses increases academic showcase of educational institution. Energy Consultants × Opportunity to expand their business and areas of expertise. Environment Authorities × Improved state of the environment opens new areas of research on improved habitats, biodiversity, etc. European Union × DE provides a means to meet EU aims at securing energy supply and reducing Carbon emissions. Local Councils × Overall improvement in community while making LC more autonomous. Ministry for Environment × Opportunity to make ends meet, creation of green jobs while getting glorification. Ministry of Finance × Need to shift their attention from expenditure to money saved. Ministry of Health × Reduction of emission results in reduced illnesses. Good statistics for a health minister. NGOs × Though possibly most agree with project, might need to check the agenda of others. RE Suppliers × A breakthrough for the industry. Residents / CSOs × Difficult to assess due to numbers. Need to focus locality by locality. Resources Authorities × Though not against might concentrate its efforts on adjusting its operation rather than offer support. Unions × Retraining of employees and creation of new jobs giving unions prominence in negotiating collective agreements. Level of Opposition Enemalta Employees × Threats to their jobs. Oil Suppliers × Threats to their income. Enemalta Top Management × Threat to their position within power struggle.
Stakeholders Strongly Opposes Opposes No Commitment Let it HappenHelp it HappenMake it Happen Architects 1 2 Chamber of Commerce 1 2 Educational Institutions 1 2 Energy Consultants 1 2 Environment Authorities 1 2 European Union 1 2 Local Councils 1 2 Ministry for Environment 1 2 Ministry of Finance 1 2 Ministry of Health 1 2 NGOs 1 2 RE Suppliers 1 2 Residents 1 2 Resources Authorities 1 2 Unions 1 2 Enemalta Employees 1 2 Oil Suppliers 1 2 Enemalta Top Management 1 2 Targets and Agents of Change
Goal 6: Organise family activities in each locality. Strategy Aim With the aid of local councils, NGOs and CSOs to organise whole day family activities within each locality. Activities to consist of entertainment, games, sports, animators, children activities, food and beverage stalls, cultural heritage from within the locality, etc. [Activities to include issues on power generation in the form of games such as treasure hunts, drawings, etc.] Apart from having stands about DE and RE, there should be a discussion area where residents can discuss and share ideas on how DE can be implemented within their locality. With the aid of RE suppliers to organise a lottery where prizes should include solar water heaters, PV panels and energy efficient appliances and lighting. Strengthen relationships with Local Councils, NGOs and CSOs of localities around the Maltese Islands. Opportunity to meet residents and establish links with the community and local business. Opportunity for residents to have their say in their own village/town making them more comfortable to express themselves. Social activity bringing the whole community towards a common goal. Fund raising activity where profit can be used to carry out feasibility studies and for community projects involving installation of RE technology. Strategy for each goal:
Action Plan: G OAL S TRATEGY B Y WHEN B Y WHOMTARGETS / A GENTS ACTION STEPINDICATORS Meeting with political representatives Meeting with Green Party 1 st Exploratory meeting with political representatives. 2 nd Meeting with political representatives 11/05/ /06/ /09/2013 Directors within organisation. Advocacy Officer Communication Officer PRO Members/Volunt eers Possible Agents: Green Party Possible Targets: Ministers of Env., Finance & Health Communication officer to contact politicians. PR and volunteers to prepare relevant information and material to present to politicians. Hold meetings. All meetings are held as scheduled and obtain 100% attendance. Politicians sign Memorandum of Understanding regarding policies. Meeting with stakeholders 1 st Meeting with stakeholders. Meeting with Enemalta management, employees and Unions. 3 rd Meeting with all stakeholders. 4 th Meeting with stakeholders and politicians. 10/10/ /12/ /02/ /03/2014 Directors within organisation. Advocacy Officer Communication Officer PRO Clerical staff Members/Volunt eers Possible Agents: Architects, Chamber of Commerce, Energy Consultants, RE Suppliers and Unions, foreign expertise Possible Targets: Local Councils, Enemalta management and employees, oil suppliers and educational institutions Clerical staff to book venues for meeting. Directors to invite foreign expert. Communication officer with volunteers to prepare conference packs. PR to contact and invite various stakeholders and issue press release. Members/volunteers to setup venue. Attendance by stakeholders to meetings. Handing in of action plans. Educational institutions to open specialised courses by Unions propose collective agreement. Final strategy presented to politicians. Politicians sign strategy as commitment. Launch of media campaign Produce commercial to be aired on TV. Advertise on newspaper. Attend TV/radio stations. Setup website and social media platforms Setup office as centre of information 20/04/ /04/ /05/ /05/ /05/2014 Communication officer. PR officer Web designer Members Clerical staff Celebrities Possible Agents: Our organisation, Celebrities Possible Targets: Civil society Identify celebrity for commercial. Designer to work on advertisement. PR to contact TV/Radio stations and schedule interviews. Web designer to upload website. Members to take care of social media and setting office. Air commercial and advertisement on all local TV and radio stations. Invited to at least five programmes. Website and social media setup and getting response from citizens. Office fully functional and receiving queries from people.
Revisiting the Journey
Learning : 1.Gathering information: 2.Applying it to local context: 3.Formulate an advocacy plan: Kicked off the thinking processDriven by the feeling processEnabled the action process
Issues: In the original assignment the discussion on issues underlying power generation in Malta was dealt with in paragraphs. However formulating a concept map for the purpose of this presentation has helped in outlining better the inter-connectedness of these problems.
Thinking Tools: Reflecting back and given the nature of the assignment I realised that I used the following thinking tools: Consider all factors (CAF): Developing a successful advocacy plan required considering all factors related to the introduction of DE. gaining of knowledge finding support analysing the local scenario overcoming opposition applying knowledge to local context building strategic alliances setting of goals setting of targets/timeframes/indicators/triggers allocating resources drafting a critique of decisions taken identification of assets
Thinking Tools: Other Peoples Views (OPV): It would have been unimaginable for the advocacy plan to take off if it did not consider taking the views of the various stakeholders involved. These stakeholders would surely have different viewpoints depending on their own needs and interests. This was rendered more difficult given the hypothetical nature of the task. While the advocacy plan identifies the importance and allots space for meetings and discussions in order to reach a consensus, it does not outline in detail how this is to be reached.
Thinking Tools: Aims, goals and objectives (AGO): An effective advocacy plan should : Aim to offer a positive and credible alternative. Provide clear goals Have specific and measurable objectives. Defining the aims, goals and objectives helped me to gain a deeper understanding of the task at hand through reasoning of decisions taken and formulation of the action plan.
Thinking Tools: The use of CoRT tools (without ever having heard of them before) in such a case might be associated to coincidence, nature of the task assigned, common sense, convenience association, unconscious prior exposure etc. Awareness of their existence added to a more conscious rather than unconscious use of such tools could lead to: making better and more disciplined use of these tools. including more of the CoRT tools in the formulation of the advocacy plan to cater for certain aspects that might have been overlooked.
Final Considerations: The Assignment – Thinking Process: The advocacy plan provided an opportunity to explore other alternatives with regards to power generation through a critical reflection of the current situation. The Presentation – Thinking about the Thinking Process: Helped me appreciate not only the evolution of my previous believes into a new way of seeing things, but also made me appreciate how specifically prepared tasks can engage students in the thinking/learning process.