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Intro 310 Asian Humanities Wed. August 25 Geography and Trade.

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Presentation on theme: "Intro 310 Asian Humanities Wed. August 25 Geography and Trade."— Presentation transcript:

1 Intro 310 Asian Humanities Wed. August 25 Geography and Trade

2 ASAN 310 Announcement - Thu. Aug. 25 Interested in a unique, intense theatre experience? Join the Theatre and Dance departments Randai performance (and classes) MUS 411 I: Asian Ensemble: Randai music, talempong, and traditional dendang singing TTH 3:00 - 4:15 KT Substage THEA 433 Movement workshop: Silek (martial arts) training TH 10: :45 KT LAB Rehearsal schedule: Oct/Nov: Dance and Music: MWF 7-10 PM. Dec/Jan: MTWRF 7-10 PM (music schedule subject to change) - some rehersals during Winter Break. Performance dates: February 4, 5, 6, 10, 11, Sumatran Randai: A unique, intense UHM experience Fall classes Spring performance

3 Silk roap map1 Map #1

4 Silk roap map2 Map #2

5 intro 1. Overland Silk Road 1st cen. BCE (100 to 1 BCE) to mid 2nd cen. CE Stretching from China to Rome A series of routes – like truck stops Over centuries, increased attempts at control, Tariffs, prohibitions,…and banditry Early Trade Routes in South and Southeast Asia

6 Silk roap map3 Srivijaya - 7th c. Oceo - 1st c. Arabia Malacca Strait Map #3 Isthmus of Kra

7 intro 1. Overland Silk Road 1st cen. BCE (100 to 1 BCE) to mid 2nd cen. CE Stretching from China to Rome 2. Maritime Trade c. 7th c. CE - 15th c. through Malacca Strait, From India and points West, through to China Served as a substitute, then challenge and replacement to overland routes Early Trade Routes in South and Southeast Asia

8 Satellite image

9 Trade winds N/W Monsoon

10 Trade winds S/E Monsoons

11 Srivijaya, Sumatra 7-14 th centuries Srivijaya map

12 Srivijaya, Sumatra 7-14 th centuries 7 th c. Chinese traveler I-Ching described a monastery of 1,000 monks, Srivijaya as important religious center Srivi items

13 Indianization of Southeast Asia Indianization of Southeast Asia Contributions: primarily within the court cultures -- Architecture (temples) -- Literature (Ramayana, Mahabharata) -- Alphabets, scripts (all S.E.A. scripts based on Indic ones) -- Philosophy & religion -- Concepts of governance, social structure -- Sciences: astronomy, mathematics -- Priests, travelers indianiz

14 Borobudur, 9 th. c Buddhist monument Java, Indonesia boro

15 Boro ship Bas-relief, 9 th -c. Borobudur monument, Java, Indonesia

16 From East China - Changan (Xian) Bukhara - Bactria (Afghanistan) India Barygaza Arikamedu (India) Srivijaya (Sumatra) East to West to West Arabia Alexandria, Egypt Venice Rome

17 From East China - Changan Silk, porcelain, lacquer Bukhara - Bactria Horses, gold, copper, tin, lapis lazuli, garnet, and carnelian India Barygaza Pepper, spices, textiles Arikamedu Glass, beads, pottery Srivijaya, Sumatra Forest resins, fragrant woods East to West - items to West Arabia Frankincense, myrrh Alexandria, Egypt Shipbuilding, metals, wine, slaves Venice Gold, coins, wine Rome Gold, coins, wine, glasswork

18 Periplus old map Periplus of the Erythraean Sea -- mid-1st century. Greek

19 Periplus of the Erythraean Sea (mid-1st century) This whole voyage as above described, from Cana and Eudaemon Arabia, they used to make in small vessels, sailing close around the shores of the gulfs; and Hippalus was the pilot who by observing the location of the ports and the conditions of the sea, first discovered how to lay his course straight across the ocean. For at the same time when with us the Etesian winds are blowing, on the shores of India the wind sets in from the ocean, and this southwest wind is called Hippalus, from the name of him who first discovered the passage across. From that time to the present day ships start, some direct from Cana, and some from the Cape of Spices; and those bound for Damirica throw the ship's head considerably off the wind; while those bound for Barygaza and Scythia keep along shore not more than three days and for the rest of the time hold the same course straight out to sea from that region, with a favorable wind, quite away from the land, and so sail outside past the aforesaid gulfs. Periplus old map

20 Periplus of the Erythraean Sea Worksheet -- Read through the text and find your locations on the map -- In your groups, discuss: a. whats the main import or point of the information? How do you categorize the information? b. key -- or intriguing items of trade and their origins c. cultural attitudes and information beyond trade Groups: 1) Egypt - Arabia 2) India Everyone: Where is This? What are the clues? Periplus group work

21 Warriors and Nomads: Kushans Readings T/Aug 30: Global Asia, Chap. 3: Warriors: Th/Sept. 1: view an on-line exhibit noted on the blog; what do you learn? How do you rate it? ***Reading response/blog entry #1. due: 10 a.m. Sept. 1 *** Log onto the blog and 1) introduce yourself; 2) comment on an aspect that you find most compelling from the readings from the first 2 weeks (2- 3 paragraphs). Coming up

22 Coming up: Warriors and Nomads Kushan empire 1-2nd centuries in Bactria - (Modern-day N. Afghanisan What were Kushan characteristics? What aspects of other cultures did they adopt and adapt? n


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