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2 THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR 1861-1865 This Powerpoint is hosted on Please visit for 100s more free powerpoints

3 Before we begin... What were the Union States? What were the Confederate states? Use your colored map on text pg 106 & House Divided WS

4 UNION STATES Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Ohio, Wisconsin, Michigan, Minnesota, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Oregon, California Border States-Missouri, Kentucky, West Virginia, Maryland, Delaware

5 CONFEDERATE STATES Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Texas, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, Virginia

6 The Civil War: Union vs Confederacy

7 Confederate Union See & Read text pages 108-109

8 Add academic Vocab Civil War- U.S. war between North (Union) and South (Confederacy) Union- North of US containing 19 states + 5 border states during Civil War Confederate States of Amer.- 11 Southern States that seceded (left) the Union border states- slave states that stayed in the Union. These states were Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware

9 What were the causes of the Civil War?? States Rights-Tariffs (Taxes)States Rights-Tariffs (Taxes) Conflicts over SlaveryConflicts over Slavery Abraham Lincoln elected 16 th PresidentAbraham Lincoln elected 16 th President Find this in your journal…you should already have this

10 CAUSE #1 States Rights regarding taxation and slavery

11 CAUSE #2:Abolitionism/Slavery

12 CAUSE #3 Election of Lincoln Southern States felt they were bullied by the North when he was elected

13 1860 Election Results 1860 Election Results

14 1860 Election: A Nation Coming Apart?!


16 The first States secede

17 The war begins - the firing on Fort Sumter

18 Fort Sumter: April 12, 1861

19 Fort Sumter

20 Read textbook pg. 114 Take notes on following slides in journal

21 Advantages of the Union (North) More people More railroad lines More factories Notes for journal

22 Advantages of the Confederacy(South) Better military leaders Most of war fought in South on familiar land Notes for journal

23 Technology made Civil War... The Monitor

24 More efficient and deadly

25 First metal ships in world!

26 Confederate Weapons

27 Union Weapons

28 Pass bullets around class

29 Read text pgs. 115-119 Take out your House Divided WS Who are the Famous Generals? –North=Gen. Ulysses S. Grant –South=Gen. Robert E. Lee HW-wkbk pgs 41 & 43

30 Pg. 43 1. border states 2. casualties 3. draft 4. emancipation 8. free Emancipation Proclamation Slavery Vicksburg Gettysburg Address

31 1863

32 Emancipation Proclamation It freed the slaves only in states that have seceded from the Union. It did not free slaves in border states. 1863 Emancipation = freedom Add to notes

33 Blacks in the Military After the Emancipation Proclamation blacks began to join the Union Army Initially they were only used for manual labor Eventually, Blacks saw live combat 54 th regiment out of Massachusetts William Carney

34 Vicksburg and Gettysburg were 2 important battles won by the Union –Add to A House Divided WS Union-Gettysburg, Vicksburg Confederate-Fort Sumter, Bull Run



37 Vicksburg


39 Gettysburg – turning point Gettysburg is the largest battle in the history of the Western hemisphere. Over 100, 000 people died in 3 days. It was the last time the South invaded the North.



42 Gettysburg Address Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. -Abraham Lincoln (text pages 120-121) s/gettysburgaddress.htm

43 Read text pgs. 122-125 Add graphic organizer to notes and complete -below CampHome boring ate poorly Women took on new tasks BOTH- People missed relatives and friends

44 VIP Tab Book Clara Barton- nursed sick and wounded soldiers during the Civil War, later found American Red Cross General Ulysses S. Grant- leader of the Union troops, later became president General Robert E. Lee- leader of the Confederate troops

45 Union-HOUSE DIVIDED WS President-Abraham Lincoln Famous Generals-Ulysses S. Grant, Gen. T. Sherman Battle Victories-Gettysburg, Vicksburg Causes-South seceded; Fort Sumter attacked by South

46 Confederate on HOUSE DIVIDED President-Jefferson Davis Famous Generals-Robert E. Lee Famous Battle Victories-Fort Sumter, Bull Run Causes of the War-states rights concerning tariffs and slavery; Lincoln became president


48 Over 618,000 military deaths during Civil War.


50 After four bloody years of civil war, the South was defeated.

51 Civil War ended when Lee surrendered to Grant at APPOMATTOX COURT HOUSE

52 Read text pgs. 130-131

53 End of Civil War 1861-Civil War Begins 1863-Emancipation Proclamation & Battles of Gettysburg & Vicksburg 1864-General Shermans March to Sea 1865-Lee Surrenders & Civil War Ends Add to notes in journal

54 Text pg. 132-135 TN connection

55 Reconstruction 1865-1877 Reconstruction – time after the Civil War of rebuilding the country after the South rejoined the Union Add to Academic Vocabulary

56 Lincoln is assassinated-1865

57 Reconstruction Amendments 13 th – abolished slavery 14 th - Everyone born in U.S. has rights as citizens 15 th -All men right to vote no matter color Add to notes in journal Free Citizens Vote

58 Remember the Reconstruction Amendments this way: Free Citizens Vote!

59 Study Guide Study all notes & flipbooks Importance of slavery to South Know causes of war Famous people involved Abolitionists and their part Why South seceded (states rights & slavery) What was Reconstruction & plan Write in Journal

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