Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 1 Chapter 5 FROM CONFEDERATION TO FEDERAL UNION Section 1: The Articles of Confederation Section 2:

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 1 Chapter 5 FROM CONFEDERATION TO FEDERAL UNION Section 1: The Articles of Confederation Section 2:"— Presentation transcript:

1 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 1 Chapter 5 FROM CONFEDERATION TO FEDERAL UNION Section 1: The Articles of Confederation Section 2: Drafting and Ratifying the Constitution Section 3: The Constitution: A Living Document

2 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 2 Objectives: What political ideas were reflected in the state constitutions? What political ideas were reflected in the state constitutions? How did the ideas of Republican Motherhood affect womens roles and opportunities? How did the ideas of Republican Motherhood affect womens roles and opportunities? What powers did the Articles of Confederation grant the national government? What powers did the Articles of Confederation grant the national government? How did the Northwest Ordinance try to resolve future conflicts over western lands? How did the Northwest Ordinance try to resolve future conflicts over western lands? What were the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation? What were the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation? Section 1: The Articles of Confederation

3 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 3 State constitutions limited the power of governors limited the power of governors restricted the influence of the church on government restricted the influence of the church on government Section 1: The Articles of Confederation

4 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 4 Republican Motherhood gave women a powerful role in the home gave women a powerful role in the home expanded support for womens education expanded support for womens education limited womens political participation limited womens political participation Section 1: The Articles of Confederation

5 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 5 Articles of Confederation granted the national government: power to coin and borrow money power to coin and borrow money power to conduct foreign affairs power to conduct foreign affairs power to set policy toward American Indians power to set policy toward American Indians power to settle disputes between the states power to settle disputes between the states Section 1: The Articles of Confederation

6 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 6 Northwest Ordinance provided for the creation of new states provided for the creation of new states provided for a process for settling territories farther west provided for a process for settling territories farther west guaranteed settlers civil rights guaranteed settlers civil rights banned slavery banned slavery Section 1: The Articles of Confederation

7 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 7 Weakness of the Articles of Confederation All 13 states had to consent to changes in the Articles. All 13 states had to consent to changes in the Articles. Major legislation needed the consent of all 13 states. Major legislation needed the consent of all 13 states. Congress was unable to levy taxes. Congress was unable to levy taxes. Congress was unable to regulate foreign trade. Congress was unable to regulate foreign trade. Weaknesses led to lack of confidence in government, mounting national debt, and economic depression. Weaknesses led to lack of confidence in government, mounting national debt, and economic depression. Section 1: The Articles of Confederation

8 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 8 Objectives: How did the Virginia Plan call for a stronger federal government? How did the Virginia Plan call for a stronger federal government? What major compromises were reflected in the Constitution? What major compromises were reflected in the Constitution? How did the Antifederalists oppose the Constitution, and how did the Federalists respond? How did the Antifederalists oppose the Constitution, and how did the Federalists respond? Why did all 13 states ratify the Constitution? Why did all 13 states ratify the Constitution? Section 2: Drafting and Ratifying the Constitution

9 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 9 Virginia Plan gave Congress the right to overturn state laws gave Congress the right to overturn state laws gave Congress the right to tax the states gave Congress the right to tax the states gave Congress the right to use force against a state if it did not fulfill its duties gave Congress the right to use force against a state if it did not fulfill its duties Section 2: Drafting and Ratifying the Constitution

10 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 10 Major compromises in the Constitution The Great Compromise granted each state an equal voice in the upper house regardless of size, and accorded representation in the lower house based on population. The Great Compromise granted each state an equal voice in the upper house regardless of size, and accorded representation in the lower house based on population. The Three-Fifths Compromise established that three fifths of a states slave population would count in determining its population. The Three-Fifths Compromise established that three fifths of a states slave population would count in determining its population. Compromises over commerce established that Congress could levy tariffs on imports but not exports, and allowed the importation of slaves until the end of 1807s. Compromises over commerce established that Congress could levy tariffs on imports but not exports, and allowed the importation of slaves until the end of 1807s. Section 2: Drafting and Ratifying the Constitution

11 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 11 Debate over the Constitution Federalists and Antifederalists debated each other in state ratifying conventions, and the Federalists wrote a series of essays called the Federalist Papers. Section 2: Drafting and Ratifying the Constitution

12 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 12 Ratification Ratification was only unanimous because Congress agreed to add a bill of rights for Virginia and New York, and threatened economic boycott against Rhode Island. Section 2: Drafting and Ratifying the Constitution

13 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 13 Objectives: How does the Constitution divide power between the federal and state governments? How does the Constitution divide power between the federal and state governments? How does the separation of powers prevent each branch of government from becoming too strong? How does the separation of powers prevent each branch of government from becoming too strong? What are the potential drawbacks of the system of checks and balances? What are the potential drawbacks of the system of checks and balances? What provisions in the constitution allow for its flexibility? What provisions in the constitution allow for its flexibility? Section 3: The Constitution: A Living Document

14 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 14 Division of power Delegated powers such as the rights to coin money, regulate trade with foreign nations and among states, and to raise and support an army and a navy, are listed in the Constitution as belonging to the federal government. Delegated powers such as the rights to coin money, regulate trade with foreign nations and among states, and to raise and support an army and a navy, are listed in the Constitution as belonging to the federal government. Section 3: The Constitution: A Living Document

15 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 15 Division of power Division of power (continued) Reserved powers such as the rights to establish local governments and oversee schools belong to the states, and include all those powers not specifically granted to the federal government. Reserved powers such as the rights to establish local governments and oversee schools belong to the states, and include all those powers not specifically granted to the federal government. Section 3: The Constitution: A Living Document

16 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 16 Division of power Division of power (continued) Concurrent powers such as levying and collecting taxes, borrowing money, providing for the public welfare, and establishing courts belong to both the state and federal governments. Concurrent powers such as levying and collecting taxes, borrowing money, providing for the public welfare, and establishing courts belong to both the state and federal governments. Section 3: The Constitution: A Living Document

17 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 17 Separation of power Each branch has its own powers that other branches cannot claim. Each branch has its own powers that other branches cannot claim. Legislative branch makes laws. Legislative branch makes laws. Executive branch sees that laws are carried out. Executive branch sees that laws are carried out. Judicial branch interprets and applies laws. Judicial branch interprets and applies laws. Section 3: The Constitution: A Living Document

18 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 18 Potential drawbacks of checks and balances political infighting political infighting political stalemates political stalemates government shutdowns government shutdowns Section 3: The Constitution: A Living Document

19 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 19 Flexibility provisions Amendment process allows citizens to alter the Constitution. Amendment process allows citizens to alter the Constitution. Elastic clause gives Congress the authority to exercise its powers in ways not specified. Elastic clause gives Congress the authority to exercise its powers in ways not specified. Section 3: The Constitution: A Living Document


Download ppt "HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 1 Chapter 5 FROM CONFEDERATION TO FEDERAL UNION Section 1: The Articles of Confederation Section 2:"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google