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Presentation of Vert lHorizon at the Indian Institute of technology Delhi Julien Peyrard Mickaël Edon 28 January 2014.

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Presentation on theme: "Presentation of Vert lHorizon at the Indian Institute of technology Delhi Julien Peyrard Mickaël Edon 28 January 2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presentation of Vert lHorizon at the Indian Institute of technology Delhi Julien Peyrard Mickaël Edon 28 January 2014

2 Who are we ? Julien Peyrard 28 yrs, French Space Engineer Mickaël Edon 27 yrs, French Energy/Environmental Engineer Studied at EMN (partner of IIT) 2

3 What is Vert lHorizon ? Vert lhorizon (Towards a green horizon in English) is a biking journey around the world in order to discoverer our sustainable future in the domain of environment and energy. 3 Numbers 1-year journey 2 best friends 26 countries 70 km per cycling day 100s of people to meet 767 points of interest mapped 15000 km cycled (approx.)

4 Our itinerary 4

5 Our mission Discovering local projects Alerting about endangered regions Accomplishing a physical challenge Meeting new people Experiencing new cultures Climbing 3 symbolic summits Managing a complex project Sharing our learnings (book, conferences, …) 5

6 Our vision Major challenge of the 21st century Transgression of planetary boundaries Change of mindset is needed Overcome political and social barriers Get inspired by local initiatives 6

7 Our carbon offsetting Offsetting GHG due to plane travels 20.66 tons of CO2 equivalent in total Flexiway Solar Solutions Solar Muscle: Solar LED lights replacing kerosene lamps 1 light will save 0.3 tons of CO2 eq. 69 lights needed 7

8 What we have learned: Green School in Bali High quality international teaching Efforts for integration with locals Efforts for sustainability: bamboo buildings, PV, … Foster interest to sustainability by education See TED conference of John Hardy 8

9 What we have learned: CDM project on composting Clean Development Mechanism projects (as per Kyoto Protocol) provides Carbon Credit that can be traded. David Krüpper, project initiator, explains us: – Organic waste recycled into compost – Prevent methane creation in landfills (strong GHG) – Difficult financial situation & complex bureaucracy 9

10 What we have learned: NEWater Water scarcity in Singapore: 4 taps Public campaigns for saving water Spearhead of waste water recycled to drinking water 3 steps: microfiltration, reverse osmosis, UV desinfection Ultra pure water: used mainly for industry 10

11 What we have learned: Singapore energy outlook Meeting with Ho Hiang Kwee, Researcher for the government 80% of electricity from gas (expensive but cleaner) Strong potential for Solar PV (10% of production) Levellized cost of PV nearly competitive with retail cost Strong efforts on transportation: – Public transports very well developped – Huge taxes on private cars, bonus-malus system, city toll, need of specific certificate Objective of 80% of Green Buildings by 2030 11

12 What we have learned: Malaysia and sustainability Meeting with Luqman Chuah, Professor and Deputy Dean from the Universiti Putra Malaysia 60% of electricity comes from gas-petrol Big gas-petrol reserve in Malaysia. Big subsidies to fossil fuel and public opposition when decreased Beside hydro, main source of renewable: biomass, used in small-scale power plant 40% emission reduction by 2020 will not be attained Lucrative palm oil industries caused deforestation of 60% of Borneo and Sumatra: externalities should be included in final cost 12

13 What we have learned: Thailand Meeting with Doctor Sopitsuda Tongsopit, from the Energy Research Institude, Bangkok 68% of electricity from gas. Developping hydro in neighbouring Laos Alternative Energy Development Plan to reach a 25% of renewable energy consumption by 2021 Attractive pricing structure for renewables (feed-in tariffs) Future developments of biomass (from agricultural residues), biogas, solar and wind (2GW proposed projects) 13

14 What we have learned: China Meetings with Shu Chen, Vice Director of the SWUST and with Dr Jing Xu, Professor at the SWUEF. Greatest energy consumer (mainly coal) and main GHG emitter Complicated to set up an environmental legislation and enforce it (resistance, corruption, bureaucracy, …) Important air pollution problems in all the big cities. Obligation for power plants to instal filter for SO2. E-waste: very polluting industry. Legislation forbidding «wild» retreatment. Innovations for recycling (using waste heat). PV waste: no solution yet. Starting to be investigated 14

15 What we have learned: Nepal Meeting with Mr. Gurung, CEO of Wind Power Nepal and Mr. Adikhari, National advisor of AEPC Electricity scarcity (20% of household connected. Up to 18 hours / day of shortage). Big potential of RET: 2 nd water ressources in the world. 300 days of sun. Lack of governmental stability and commitment. Lack of long-term view prevent development of renewables. Cooking is 80% of primary energy demand. Programme for clean cooking stove launched in 2013 15

16 Further readings Fifth assessment report, from the IPCC: f f On the German energy transition: content/themes/boell/pdf/en/German-Energy-Transition_en.pdf content/themes/boell/pdf/en/German-Energy-Transition_en.pdf A Renewable energy roadmap, from IRENA: pdf pdf Accelerating the transition to Clean Energy Technologies: What is resilience: 88130768344/SRC_whatisresilience__sida.pdf 88130768344/SRC_whatisresilience__sida.pdf 16

17 About cycling More than 4000 km cycled so far, at the average speed of 15-20 km/h Between 70 and 140 km on a cycling day 20 kg bicycle + 20 kg stuff + 5 L of water Full autonomy (tent, stove, water filter, …) 120 Liters capacity per bicycle Equipped for very hot, very cold (-20 deg C) and humid climates. Use of good components: not a single flat tyre so far! Use of a Rohloff gearbox (14 speeds) 17

18 The beast 18

19 Bicycle, transportation of the future ! 19 Life is like riding a bicycle. To keep your balance you must keep moving, Albert Einstein. The bike is great for health, for the mind, for the environment, and for the fun ! Best fuel efficiency (kWh/100km/pax) of the bike: 8,4 times better than an efficient car. How fast do you REALLY drive your car? Speed = distance / (time spend to drive it + time spent to pay for it (cost of the car, gas, insurance, …)) = 6 km/h according to an American study.

20 Travel diary, Indonesia 20 Bali as seen from Mt Rinjani (3726 m)Our first hosts, Refi and Hannah Blue flames of Kawah Ijen Prambanan Hindu temple

21 Travel diary, Singapore 21 Singapore by nightSingapore by… day Couchsurfing meeting A green city

22 Travel diary, Malaysia 22 Meeting localsPutra Jaya, administrative capital Beautiful mosque Trying sarung

23 Travel diary, Thailand 23 In the SouthTon Sai bay, rock climbing site Buddhist temple Looking at the horizon

24 Travel diary, Cambodia 24 Towards Siem ReapWorld Heritage, Angkor temples Teaming-up Phnom Penh, royal palace

25 Travel diary, Vietnam 25 Typical hatThe road kings (…) Trails, our favorite terrain Ha Long bay

26 Travel diary, China 26 Fighting winter in YunnanA geologist In the Wen Shu temple Unusual faces… On the radio

27 Travel diary, Nepal 27 Pushkar Shah (Nepalese legend)Tour de Gorkha, our history, our pride Dhaula Giri and Annapurna Cycling on crazy/beautiful roads

28 Travel diary, India 28 Crossing an unusual vehicleCrossing Ghagra river Maut Ka Kuaa (crazy) Varanasi

29 Thanks Thank you Professor Mukesh Khare for your kind invitation; Thank you all for listening; You can follow us on our website ! 29

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