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A.Rotolo I.T.I. Malignani - Udine HOW DID THE SECOND WORLD WAR BECOME A WORLD WAR?

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Presentation on theme: "A.Rotolo I.T.I. Malignani - Udine HOW DID THE SECOND WORLD WAR BECOME A WORLD WAR?"— Presentation transcript:

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2 A.Rotolo I.T.I. Malignani - Udine HOW DID THE SECOND WORLD WAR BECOME A WORLD WAR?

3 A.Rotolo I.T.I. Malignani - Udine In the early years, the Second World War in Europe could not have been more different from the First World War. Germany quickly conquered Poland, but there was no fighting in western Europe for the first nine months.In the early years, the Second World War in Europe could not have been more different from the First World War. Germany quickly conquered Poland, but there was no fighting in western Europe for the first nine months. When Hitler finally invaded France in May 1940 he swept through Holland and Belgium and conquered most of France.When Hitler finally invaded France in May 1940 he swept through Holland and Belgium and conquered most of France. In June 1941 Hitler invaded the USSR.In June 1941 Hitler invaded the USSR. glossary

4 A.Rotolo I.T.I. Malignani - Udine Meanwhile, on the other side of the world, a separate conflict was developing.Meanwhile, on the other side of the world, a separate conflict was developing.

5 A.Rotolo I.T.I. Malignani - Udine PEARL HARBOR On 7 December 1941, a Sunday, a band was rehearsing on the deck of a warship in the US naval base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii.On 7 December 1941, a Sunday, a band was rehearsing on the deck of a warship in the US naval base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. A few minutes later, the bandsmen were diving for cover or running to their stations as the first wave of Japanese fighter planes dropped their bombs and torpedoes.A few minutes later, the bandsmen were diving for cover or running to their stations as the first wave of Japanese fighter planes dropped their bombs and torpedoes. glossary

6 A.Rotolo I.T.I. Malignani - Udine

7 By the afternoon of 7 December Pearl Harbor lay in ruins and the US fleet was a mass of twisted metal.By the afternoon of 7 December Pearl Harbor lay in ruins and the US fleet was a mass of twisted metal. Japan had made its play for domination in the Pacific.Japan had made its play for domination in the Pacific.

8 A.Rotolo I.T.I. Malignani - Udine THE RIVALRY BEGINS Rivalry between Japan and the USA had begun in the 1920s. While the European powers fought out the First World War, Japan was able to take over much of their trading activity in the Far East.Rivalry between Japan and the USA had begun in the 1920s. While the European powers fought out the First World War, Japan was able to take over much of their trading activity in the Far East. By 1921 the rise of Japan was beginning to worry the USA that also wished to dominatetrade in the Pacific.By 1921 the rise of Japan was beginning to worry the USA that also wished to dominate trade in the Pacific.

9 A.Rotolo I.T.I. Malignani - Udine Japan was pressured by the USA into a series of treaties which limited its influence over China and reduced the size of the Japanese navy. The USA and western European countries also placed tariffs on Japanese goods.Japan was pressured by the USA into a series of treaties which limited its influence over China and reduced the size of the Japanese navy. The USA and western European countries also placed tariffs on Japanese goods. In response powerful businessmen and military leaders such General Tojo increasingly called for Japan to build its own empire on the mainland of Asia.In response powerful businessmen and military leaders such General Tojo increasingly called for Japan to build its own empire on the mainland of Asia.

10 A.Rotolo I.T.I. Malignani - Udine Profile: General Tojo Born in 1884.Born in 1884. Graduated with distinction from military college.Graduated with distinction from military college. Rose quickly to the rank of general.Rose quickly to the rank of general. He was a leading figure among the nationalists.He was a leading figure among the nationalists. In 1940 he became War Minister. In 1940 he became War Minister. In 1941 he became Prime Minister.In 1941 he became Prime Minister.

11 A.Rotolo I.T.I. Malignani - Udine AMERICAS CONCERNS GROW When the world trade depression on the 1930s began to hit Japan, these empire builders took their chance and invaded Manchuria in 1931. In 1937 Japan launched a war with China.When the world trade depression on the 1930s began to hit Japan, these empire builders took their chance and invaded Manchuria in 1931. In 1937 Japan launched a war with China. glossary

12 A.Rotolo I.T.I. Malignani - Udine These developments were watched with concern in America. Roosevelt was especially worried when Germany and Japan signed the Anti-Comintern Pact in 1936. Italy signed in 1937, bringing three aggressive regimes together into one alliance. In that same year Japan launched a full-scale invasion of China.These developments were watched with concern in America. Roosevelt was especially worried when Germany and Japan signed the Anti-Comintern Pact in 1936. Italy signed in 1937, bringing three aggressive regimes together into one alliance. In that same year Japan launched a full-scale invasion of China. Roosevelt did not want war, but he began to prepare the American people for the possibility of a war.Roosevelt did not want war, but he began to prepare the American people for the possibility of a war.

13 A.Rotolo I.T.I. Malignani - Udine By 1941, however, there was a definite shift in the opinions of American politicians and military leaders.By 1941, however, there was a definite shift in the opinions of American politicians and military leaders. The fall of France in 1940 and the devastating effectiveness of the German army as it swept through western Europe had jolted Americans.The fall of France in 1940 and the devastating effectiveness of the German army as it swept through western Europe had jolted Americans. glossary

14 A.Rotolo I.T.I. Malignani - Udine American spies also informed Roosevelt that there had been top-level meetings among German, Italian and Japanese politicians.American spies also informed Roosevelt that there had been top-level meetings among German, Italian and Japanese politicians. On 27 September 1940 these three governments signed a Tripartite PactOn 27 September 1940 these three governments signed a Tripartite Pact.

15 A.Rotolo I.T.I. Malignani - Udine Although the USA was supposedly neutral, it was clear that Roosevelt supported Britain.Although the USA was supposedly neutral, it was clear that Roosevelt supported Britain. The USA was doing all it could to help the British in the war in Europe - except for fighting with themThe USA was doing all it could to help the British in the war in Europe - except for fighting with them.

16 A.Rotolo I.T.I. Malignani - Udine JAPANS DILEMMA Japans invasion of China was a spectacular success, but even bigger prizes beckoned once war in Europe broke out. Britain, France and Holland had large territories in the Far East which they could not possibly defend while they were at war with Germany. President Roosevelt was worried about American interests in China and in the Pacific, particularly in the Philippines.Japans invasion of China was a spectacular success, but even bigger prizes beckoned once war in Europe broke out. Britain, France and Holland had large territories in the Far East which they could not possibly defend while they were at war with Germany. President Roosevelt was worried about American interests in China and in the Pacific, particularly in the Philippines. glossary

17 A.Rotolo I.T.I. Malignani - Udine Roosevelt restricted the supply of important materials to Japan from 1940.Roosevelt restricted the supply of important materials to Japan from 1940. This was Japans dilemma: it wanted to carve out an empire in the Far East which would make it self-sufficient in vital materials such as rice, oil, coal and rubber. However, not only the USA worried Japan, also the USSR. In June 1941 Hitler solved Japans second problem when he invaded the USSR.This was Japans dilemma: it wanted to carve out an empire in the Far East which would make it self-sufficient in vital materials such as rice, oil, coal and rubber. However, not only the USA worried Japan, also the USSR. In June 1941 Hitler solved Japans second problem when he invaded the USSR. glossary

18 A.Rotolo I.T.I. Malignani - Udine In July 1941 Japan took control of French Indo-China and it seemed that Japan had made up its mind to challenge the USA: on 7 December 1941 some 300 planes took off from aircraft carriers to launch their attack on Pearl Harbor.

19 A.Rotolo I.T.I. Malignani - Udine FOCUS TASK After reading Source 1, 2 e 3, write a short speech for Roosevelt to give in one of his fireside chats, explaining to the American people why they are now involved in the war. SOURCE 1 Some of our people like to believe that wars in Europe and Asia are no concern of ours. But it is a matter of most vital concern to us that European and Asiatic war-makers should not gain control of the oceans which lead to this hemisphere. If great Britain goes down, the Axis powers will control the continents of Europe, Asia, Africa, Australasia and the high seas. All of us would be living at the point of a gun. From one of Roosevelts Fireside Chats, broadcast in 1940. Roosevelt was the first political leader to use radio regularly to talk directly to his people SOURCE 2 America is a decayed country. I like An Englishman a thousand times better than an American … Everything about the behavior of America society reveals that it is half Jew and the other half negro. How can one expect a state like that to hold together – a country where everything is built on the dollar. Hitler writing about the USA before the war began SOURCE 3 We can have no choice but to follow the letter of the law in the three-power treaty and declare war on the United States. From a speech by Joseph Goebbels

20 A.Rotolo I.T.I. Malignani - Udine GLOSSARY To sweep, swept, swept through : infuriare To rehearse: provare, ripassare Torpedo: siluro To launch: lanciare To jolt: scuotere To beckon: chiamare, allettare To carve out: ritagliarsi


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