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Enel Roadmap toward Excellence in Grid Management Trends in Power Industry in the European Context VIII 1 Antonello Buondonno Head of Europe and Americas.

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Presentation on theme: "Enel Roadmap toward Excellence in Grid Management Trends in Power Industry in the European Context VIII 1 Antonello Buondonno Head of Europe and Americas."— Presentation transcript:

1 Enel Roadmap toward Excellence in Grid Management Trends in Power Industry in the European Context VIII 1 Antonello Buondonno Head of Europe and Americas Business Development Infrastructure and Network Division Spindleruv Mlyn, April 18 th,2013

2 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification 40 countries 61 mln connection points Listed on: Milano SE (1,5 mln Shareholders) EBITDA: 17,7 bln Enel: an international energy operator Italian Core. European Base. Global Strategy* < 500 MW< MW< MW< MW> MW Representative offices, financial holdings, operative branches, commercial companies 1st utility in Italy, one of the largest in Europe by installed capacity. Present throughout the entire electricity and natural gas value chain Installed capacity: 97,3 GW Annual output: 290 TWh Energy distributed: 430 TWh UP-Stream Gas: 984 MMboe* Reserves 680 MMboe** Resources Employees: (< 50% in Italy) NG Prospective Resources NG Reserves * year-end 2011 **MMboe: Million Barrels of Oil Equivalent

3 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Uso: inserire classificazione 1,8 mln km línes/ cables 430 TWh Energy Distributed 61 mln Point of delivery COLOMBIA 2nd Distribuidor (24%) 2,3 Mln P.o.D. ARGENTINA 2nd Distributor(16%) 2,3 Mln P.o.D. CHILE !st Distributoor(32%) 1,5 Mln P.o.D. PERU 2nd Distributor (23%) 1,1 Mln P.o.D. SPAIN 1st Distributor (35%) 13 Mln P.o.D. ITALY First Distribuitor (80%) 31,5 Mln P.o.D. BRASIL 5,5 Mln P.o.D. ROMENIA 2nd Distribuitor (30%) 2,6 Mln P.o.D. Enel Networks in the world Áreas of presence

4 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Italian market context and Smart Meter Regulation The roadmap to smart networks and operational excellence Envisaging the future Infrastructure Agenda

5 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Italian Regulatory framework Focus on core business Regulatory context 1999 Smart Meter start-up Unbundling of Distribution and Sales DSO keeps responsibility for Metering & Reading activities Unbundling of Distribution and Sales DSO keeps responsibility for Metering & Reading activities Bundled Distribution & Sales organization Progressive liberalization of the electricity sector Enel Distribuzione In 2006, the Italian Enel anticipates the changes and reengineers its internal processes to cope with new challenges in efficiency, quality of service, customer relations etc. Enel starts deployment before liberalization and unbundling based on financial return/ operational benefits evaluation In Regulator adopts new metering rules confirming approach on Smart Meters with mandatory installation within 2011 for all electricity customers ToU for all customers within 09/2012 In Regulator adopts new metering rules confirming approach on Smart Meters with mandatory installation within 2011 for all electricity customers ToU for all customers within 09/ Smart Meter Massive deployment Enel completed in 2006 the installation of approx. 31M smart meters.

6 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Italian Regulatory framework - Impact of smart meter on regulated metering activities New readings rules Time of use tariffs Readings target success rate New rules for bad payers management and reconnection Load management Better management and monitoring of quality of service Increase in market competition Real consumption billing Mandatory for all customers Set at min. 95% for readings -85% contractual load limit for 10 days, "real time" reconnection Allowance of +20% load limit Recording of customer's interruptions and voltage variation Improved Trader-Customer relation/ leverage to promote competition and spreading of market efficiency Uso: aziendale

7 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Distributed Renewables (GW) Free Market customers (Mln) Connections(GW) Prosumers connected Connections (2012): 4000 LV request /week (max level reached) 0.5MW/AVG request MV (min.) Smart Metering (2011): 403 Mil remote readings Commercial Quality 99.75% (AEEG) 9.4 Mil remote work orders Approx Switch/month a2011 3,7 4,3 a2010b2012 3,6 PV 13 Market Dynamics – Enel Distribuzione in Italy

8 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Italian Regulatory framework - Time of use tariffs for everyone July 2010: Italian households bill is based on two-tier prices, with a saving of 450 thousand tonnes CO2 and 80 mln fuel by shifting 10% of consumption to more favourable hours. Consumers save 200 mln/yr Smart meters support energy saving Source: press Release AEEG Uso: aziendale

9 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Italian market context and Smart Meter Regulation The roadmap to smart networks and operational excellence Envisaging the future Infrastructure Agenda

10 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Enel Distribuzione roadmap Heading towards efficiency Smart Meter and process optimization are the cornerstone to deliver value to stakeholders and partners 41 m. meters in Europe 97% daily success rate of the operations in Enels grid (2012) HV/MV substations remotely controlled (100%) MV/LV substations remotely controlled (80% of customers) with automatic fault clearing procedures Satellite mapping of network assets Database of network events (outage, fault detection ….) Optimization of network investments based on a risk analysis Enel teams connected +GPS localization ENEL cartographic on board Mobile applications for all Field Operations Automatic Meter Solutions in Europe Smart Grid/Network Automation Asset Management in Italy Work Force Management Process reengineering

11 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Opex reduction: - 40 % Quality of service: +67 % Enel Distribuzione roadmap Impact of Technology deployments: toward a new paradigm in network management 80 / customer Process reengineering SAIDI (minutes per client ) OPEX per client CAPEX per client 52 / customer

12 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Enel Distribuzione roadmap Benefits for the customers: Reduction of tariff network component Eurocent/ kWh 10,12 16,18 14,8 Net benefit to consumer 3,09 2,49 4,84 8,92 9,47 2,19 3,39 4, Tariffcomponents Grids Generation and supply * Taxes system charges + 93% + 95% - 19 % + 60%

13 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Uso: pubblico Uso: pubblico Enel Smart Meter experience World wide most advanced and field proven project 34 M Smart Meter installed in Italy on Enel LV network 5 M smart Meters installed on other DSOs networks, in Italy and abroad A new, state-of-the-art solution (meter, concentrator, AMM system modules) developed lately, maintaining ENEL traditional robustness, reliability and cost effectiveness 13 M Smart Meter now under deployement in Spain, 3 M already installed, the largest and fastest project in Spain Smart Meter

14 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification LV lines MV/ LV substation 2G/ 3G public TLC infrastructure Head-End System Enel Smart Metering Simplified Architecture AMI Control Center Smart Meter PLC

15 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification International non-profit association to maintain and support the open communication protocol for Smart Metering solutions Board of Directors from Enel, Endesa, ST, CESI, Siemens; Up to May 15th 2012: 30 members among world leading companies and institutions, from different business sectors, have already joined the Association Founding Members Enel Smart Metering Interoperability and openness 2012 Smart Meter

16 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Value creation Smart Metering Economics Key success factors Massive roll out Speed of implementation International manufacturing International standards Crossover technologies Continuous innovation all LV meters installed in parallel & uniform lots to anticipate savings 20-25% yearly substitution rate (Project completion in 4-5 years) Outsourcing of manufacturing/OEMs + Enel onsite teams to ensure quality & costs open technologies & solutions PLC for SM + G2/G3 for DC FAST implementation of improvements Smart Meter

17 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Uso: pubblico Smart Meter Project Cost Benefit Analysis Projects key indicators Number of Meters installed 33 Mln »Monophase90% »Poliphase10 target: ~100% customer coverage with full feature/ remotely managed meters Roll-out5 Years Cumulated CAPEX*2,1 Bln Yearly Running Costs ** 67,3 Mln Yearly Savings **450 Mln Meter Average Life15 years PBP 5 years 13 Mln 85% 15 5 Years 1,6 Bln 15 years Italy 2001Spain 2010 Smart Meter

18 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Customer Main Switch - LV network - Concentrator Remote change of Price/ tariff structure (Tou), pre.paid, contractual load limit Remote SW/ FW download Remote Connection and reconnection Network Operation and Customer Management in Smart Metering world full remote management Remote re-arm from customer main switch Customer LV grid 18 Smart Meter

19 Use: Public Power Allowed 3KW 6KW 10kW Contractual load limit management Credit Management: load curtailment instead of outright cut-offs; i.e.: Power limitation ensures minimum social supply (usually 10% of contractual load, programmable value) for 1 month Remote Power restoration soon after payment Bad Payers management -90% * The Meter can simulates the behaviour of a traditional switch in disconnection of power higher than maximum contractual load Network Operation and Customer Management in Smart Metering world Credit Management, Peak Shaving Programmable / flexible load limiting: Flexible contractual power limit changes from remote(*), key to for load flow/ peak management "Smart" load shedding Smart Meter

20 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Use: Public Network Operation and Customer Management in Smart Metering world Tariff/ contract flexibility ITALIAN REGULATOR (AEEG) STATEMENT July 2010 press release July 2010: Italian households bill is based on two-tier prices, with a saving of 450 thousand tonnes CO2 and 80 mln fuel by shifting 10% of consumption to more favourable hours. Consumers save 200 mln/yr Smart meters support energy saving Source: press Release AEEG Smart Metering enable multi tariff contracts with near real time operations and changes multi-tariff structure allows for flexible tariff management; e.i.: –6 different tariffs (with programmable maximum subscribed demands) –8 different daily periods [00.00 ÷ 24.00] with 15 min granularity –8 different type of days (from Monday to Sunday + Public Holidays) –3 different weekly structures –8 different annual periods Activation of tariffs is made according to a real- time calendar Smart Meter

21 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification 21 Network Operation and Customer Management in Smart Metering world Frauds detection tools: LV energy balance for each TR Remote measurement of energy supplied by every MV/LV transformer through a LV balance smart meter Syncronized remote readings of the energy measured by the customers smart meters Global LV energy losses estimation (difference between TR measured energy and total customers measured energy) Georeferencing and mapping of the TR energy losses distribution (area is proportional to the TR power) BTS AMM TR Balance smart meter (GET4S-GISS) Customers smart meters CBT/LVC GSM Smart Meter

22 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Self healing network, reliability, security of supply Enel Experience in Network Remote Control and Automation 28Control centers (Italy) 100%Remotely controlled HV-MV substations 32+%Remotely controlled MV-LV substations 100%Automated MV feeders ( Smart Grid

23 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification MT BT MT AT HV/MV Subs (TPT / TPT 2000) TSO STUX / STM MV/LV Subs (UP-RTU) Corporate systems / Intranet The ENEL System for Grid Automation and Remote Control can be divided into 3 main Macro-blocks: Central systems (STU-X/STM); Remote Terminal Units (TPT UP + RGDAT) Telecommunication systems (Data network); Ensures secure communication and data feeding corporate systems Enel Remote Control and Automation Overall Architecture Smart Grid

24 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification TPT2000: Current Enel Standardized Primary Substation RTU Digital channels, IP networks Always on connected to the center Collect, aggregate and make available to the center data from the Primary Substation: »Alarms »Measurements »Signals Remote Control and Automation System Remote Terminal Unit (RTU) for Primary (HV/MV) Substations Smart Grid

25 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Remote Control and Automation System UP provides remote commands, local automation, alarms, measure … Enel Standard component UP is available for both indoor and outdoor use, and in two versions, capable to manage up to: 8 Switches 16 Switches For indoor applications Manage both MV and LV motorized switches For pole top applications Pole mounted ManageSF6 insulated switches Remote Terminal Unit: UP Enel Standard for MV/LV Substations Smart Grid

26 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Remote Control and Automation System MV Automation: RGDAT, ENEL Standard Fault Detectors Composed by current & voltage sensors + electronic unit connected to RTU in substation Ensures Detection of short circuits Non directional 500A Detection of ground faults »Directional detector (the direction can be set from remote) »High sensitivity (up to 6kOhm in compensated neutral situations »Full operation in compensated and isolated neutral condition MV input voltage detector Smart Grid

27 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Remote Control and Automation System MV Automation – Fault Detectors for indoor applications A RG-DAT for indoor application is composed by: Electronic unit Current sensors Toroidal transformers installed around the MV cable inputs Voltage sensors Voltage is taken from capacitive dividers installed inside the MV board by means of special sockets, located in front of the MV switch Electronic unit Connected to the RTU in the substation. Current sensorsVoltage input socket Smart Grid

28 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Remote Control and Automation System MV Automation: RGDAT OUTDOOR Enel standard Fault Detectors for outdoor installation Allows automation of pole top switches installed on overhead networks (mainly rural): detection and isolation of faulty branch RGDAT Outdoor Voltage and current sensors Smart Grid

29 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Batteries 24V + Charger Connectors Electronics Remote Control and Automation System MV/LV Substation Automation rules – block diagram Modular MV Switchboard UP RGDAT 230 Vca 2G/3G Modem MV cables Cables for remote control AS LV Board Line Module Line Module TR Module Line Module power signals/measures control Vo Iomo I4 I12 Smart Grid

30 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Remote Control and Automation System MV Automation - Summary In the remote controlled secondary substations the Remote Terminal Unit (UP) is able to open and close the switches according to a specific set of rules thanks to the indications coming from the fault detectors. If you enable these rules, in case of a fault on the feeder, the switches are automatically opened and closed by the UP according to these rules so as to isolate the faulty feeder section. With the help of the recloser installed at the MV line departure in the feeding Primary Substation, the healthy feeder sections located upstream the faulty ones are resupplied. At the end of these sequence of operations the UP sends a spontaneous call to the control centre to alarm the operator on the events and to let him resupply the sections located downstream the faulty one. It is important to highlight that this function is performed by the UPs on the feeder and by the recloser in the HV/MV substation without any intervention of control center; therefore it works also in case of faults in Central system or in telecommunication systems. Smart Grid

31 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification ST Web Applications Remote Control and automation system – ST Web Applications Smart Meter/ Grid Network Metering STUX/STM ST Remote Control and Automation System ST Web Applications Other Company applications

32 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Enel EMM Electric Mobility Management EMM Remote management main features 1.Remote management Activation, Configuration Localization Trouble Management 2.Multi DSO, with Roaming service 3.Customer centric Management of individual Customer Contracts, prepaid 4.Grid integration Flexibility of charging according to energy availability (distributed generation). Storage of eventual energy overproduction. Voltage control assuring the quality of service. Smart Grid

33 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Electric Vehicle recharging infrastructure eMobility Italy – Charging stations design and certification Hom e Publi c All solutions equipped with smart-metering, ready for integration into the upcoming smart grid. Smart Grid Key Features Metering grade measurement of energy usage System access with RFID ID card Security Flexible communication: 3G and PLC enabled Identification and authorization to charge from Clearing House Customizable energy supply: mono vendor vs multiple supplier Prepaid Process control: »Recharge remote control »Remote monitoring of recharging station; availability check

34 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification High Efficiency in Work Force Management Teams equipped with PC + Android Smartphone connected via GPRS with GPS localization GIS and Fault Management Systems List of Jobs to be performed and remote automatic assignment of Jobs and intranet Check of security adds-on Camera and Barcode Reader Augmented reality Work Force Management WFM

35 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Atlante Previous method of investment allocation Investments are allocated according to the components life cycle Risk-Based Asset Management Critical situations Definition of the best strategy to avoid critical situations Investments are allocated on the basis of solving grid critical situations Asset Management Overall Architecture Asset Mngmt

36 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Satellite mapping of network assets Database of network events ­ power outage notification, ­ fault detection available and for each grid element Load flow analysis Investments based on a risk analysis for various network configurations Advanced DSS SW platform Predictive maintenance Process reengineering Optimization of network planning/ investment allocation and maintenance based on risk-return Asset Management Risk based network planning and asset allocation Asset Mngmt

37 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Italian market context and Smart Meter Regulation The roadmap to smart networks and operational excellence Envisaging the future Infrastructure Agenda

38 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Envisaging the future infrastructure Impact of Distributed Generation - Energy Flow at TSO- DSO boundary * * Avg. Load Curves (July 2012 Vs 2010) MW WeekdaysSaturdaySunday

39 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Envisaging the future infrastructure Toward Smart Infrastructures Smart Grids Increasingly an enabling factor/ DSO more and more a key role in energy sector Gas Distributed Intelligence Smart Meter Energy Balance Sensors and actuators Network Convergence toward Electric Model Electricity Greater role in RES Dispatching Distributed Intelligence Sensors and actuators Network Adaptive Control Artificial Intelligence Transportation Electirc Mobility Electronic Control Grid-to-Vehicle and Vehicle-to-Grid Unmanned guide vehicle Communication Broadband Always-on Wireless Augmented Reality Virtual Reality

40 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Envisaging the future infrastructure The New Role of DSO RenewablesSmart CustomersSmart Cities Dispatching Energy Storage solutions Renewables Forecast Broadband for grid management Active Demand New services Smart Metering also for gas Consumption optimization Energy Efficiency Electric Mobility – fast charge Smart Lighting Building to Grid

41 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification MV Energy storage Systems Pmax= 1MVA - Energy: 500kWh MV Energy Storage system of the Isernia project One of the few Storage in Europe and the first installed in Italy The scope of the installation is the study of smart grid applications in secondary substations

42 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Active Control for Distributed Energy Resources connected to the MV network Advanced control system always on and standard-based communication solution connecting all the relevant nodes in the network, including DER locations. Voltage Control (at all nodes) and Power Flow Control in the MV network. New procedures for managing efficiently and reliably the Disconnection of DER units in the event of unwanted islanding operations.

43 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Smart equipments and power electronics Smart Metering/ central and distributed Intelligence LED Public Lighting Renewables sources integration Smart Cities Electric mobility Network automation Storage and Plug & Play technologies Multi- directional flows management Demand Response Envisaging the future infrastructure Enel Smart Grids Vision: Building a smart Energy future Allowing Smart Interactions between all connected parties to deliver sustainable, economic and secure electricity supply

44 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Executive Summary Enel mission is to efficiently deliver a sustainable, economical and secure electricity supply in a liberalized market Deployment of Smart Meters gives a competitive advantage in business processes and Smart Grids, where Enel is the technology leader Smart Meters deployment triggers the start of a Utility operations turnaround bringing advantages to all parties Enel heads international standardization and interoperability bodies for Smart Grids, and has leading edge technologies in these fields Enel wishes to support other utilities to improve their performances and to sustain their roadmap to excellence in technologies Keeping our leadership one step ahead

45 DateTitle of presentation Use: Insert classification Thank you Antonello Buondonno Head of Europe and Americas Business Development Enel Infrastructure and Network Division


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