Location of WDC Site: compromise between Alexander Hamilton/northern states and Thomas Jefferson/southern states Location: included two existing port towns of Georgetown, Maryland and Alexandria, Virginia
People George Washington: chose the site and appointed three commissioners to help prepare for the arrival of the new government in 1800. Pierre Charles L'Enfant: designed the city Benjamin Banneker: a self-taught African- American mathematical genius, provided the astronomical calculations for surveying and layout of the city.
French Revolution Begins on July 14, 1789 with the Storming of the Bastille
French Revolution ends in 1804 when Napoleon become Emperor of France
Political Parties Democratic- Republicans Federalists
Buys from Napoleon for $15 million (about 3 cents/acre) includes New Orleans and doubles the size of the US TJ sends Meriwether Lewis and William Clark to explore. Got Sacagawea to help (see map p. 320) Another explorer was Zebulon Pike
Tensions with Great Britain US trading with Spain, France, and Russia GB doesnt like b/c at war with France – attack US merchant ships; impress US sailors; also set up blockades against US ships If US doesnt trade, angers France – catch 22 EMBARGO ACT OF 1807 – stops all foreign trade…DISASTER!!!
Sectional Differences Sale of Public Land (cheap) – North doesnt like (people will leave) – West likes (increase people) Internal Improvements – North likes – West likes – South doesnt like b/c use TARIFFS to pay for improvements
Tariffs Tax on imported goods – North likes (buy AMERICAN) – South doesnt like b/c depend on foreign trade – much use of credit instead of $ 1832 – SC threatens to secede Henry Clay comes up with compromise
William Henry Harrisons Presidency 1841 – lasts on one month
Manifest Destiny Lure of the West $ Resources GOLD See p. 395