8 Civil War: Political Impact REASONS FOR JOINING CONFEDERACYSECTIONALISM - TX supported its "sister slave-holding States.”Most Texans were originally from the South and had connections to friends and families there.These Texans believed in slavery although most did not own slaves.Economically, politically and socially Texans were connected to the South by PEGS.
11 Civil War: Political Impact OTHER POLITICAL IMPACTSTexans fought in many battles in the Civil War on the Confederate and Union sideCONSCRIPTION ACT (had to join the Confederate army) - Over 60,000, Texans joined the ConfederacyThis caused the Great Hanging - Those that opposed the Confederate side tried to flee Texas to join the Union side in the North. They were caught by the Confederates and hung for treasonMany former slaves and Texas immigrants (Germans) were able to fight for the Union.
12 SIGNIFICANT PEOPLELeader of Confederate Hood’s Brigade; Fort Hood TX named after himJOHN BELL HOODGovernor of TX in 1861 after Sam Houston resignedFRANCIS LUBBOCKCommander of the 5th Volunteer Calvary Confederate forces in TXTHOMAS GREEN
14 SIGNIFICANT BATTLES BATTLE OF GALVESTON BATTLE OF SABINE PASS July 1861 – The Union Navy began to block Texas ports; 1863, Confederate troops convert steamboats to gunships and take back the portBATTLE OF GALVESTONBATTLE OF SABINE PASS2. September Union plans to invade Texas with 5000 troops and attack Houston; Lieutenant Richard Dowling and his men defended Ft. Griffin for a complete victory