2 India’s Energy Sector is evolving significantly National PrioritiesCurrent SituationImplicationsMeeting Demand ShortageChronic power shortagesRapid demand growthInadequate energy accessAugmentation of generation capacityPower evacuation and grid accessClean Energy DeploymentRE capacity increasing ~ MW added each yearRequire smarter systems for power balancing to deal with variability & unpredictabilityOperational Efficiency ImprovementPoor operational efficiencyHigh system lossesR-APDRP has provided much needed supportNeed for ability to control and monitor power flow till customer levelEnhancing Consumer Service StandardsPoor system visibilityLack of reliabilityReal time system to enable better system visibility and consumer participationSmart Grids can transform the existing grid into a more efficient, reliable, safe and enable address sector challenges. Evolution has already started.
3 Several Application areas have emerged Key Application AreasElectricity DistributionElectricity MarketsEnvironmental MarketsRenewable EnergyEnergy StorageTransportIndustrial Energy EfficiencyBuilding Energy EfficiencySource:
4 Development potential & issues across various application areas (Current Status)Business IssuesPotential/Importance of Smart GridsDistributionInefficientHuge TheftPoor customer service & reliabilityLack of measurements and controlsAntiquated technologiesPoor business orientationHigh (can bring rapid technological upgradation)Supports loss reduction and demand responseMarkets>10% of overall electricity saleAffected efficiency gainsSend price signals to consumption (distribution)Poor networks. Problems in open accessInadequate Business Processes and ControlsPoor cost signalingHigh (Open access and controls can be very effectively supported)Industrial Energy EfficiencyImproving rapidlySignalled by environmental marketLack of awarenessHigh (SG enables better load management through DSM and DR)
5 Potential/Importance of Smart Grids Development potential & issues across various application areasApplication Area(Current Status)Business IssuesPotential/Importance of Smart GridsEnvironmental Markets (REC, PAT)Nascent, developing fastClosely linked to energy efficiency & renewablesNascent, does not provide confidence to investmentsBaseline definition issues in (PAT) and monitoringTrading system needs refinementHigh (SG can provide a strong information and controls base and also enable response to price signals)Renewable EnergyFast developingFills India’s Energy voidVariability management & storageTransmission networks and controlsVery High (SG can assist in grid integration, forecasting, balancing and storage)Energy StorageNascent in IndiaClosely linked to RE & EEExpensiveTechnological up-gradationSpace requirementsHigh (Has applications in energy storage, enabling provision for balancing power & islanding during blackouts)
6 Development potential & issues across various application areas (Current Status)`Business IssuesPotential/Importance of Smart GridsTransportLargest energy sub-sector after electricityPollution a significant issueOnly Hybrid Vehicles (fossil fuel + EV) availableCurrent focus only on mobility and associated environmental issuesEVs are expensiveInadequate infrastructure for deployment and proliferationRegulatory IssuesHighSG can integrate with grid and reduce short term power purchase; use as balancing resource; peak load management)Building Energy EfficiencyFastest growing energy consuming sectorWidely varying energy efficiency levelsLack of awareness among builders and consumersHigh initial cost of EE applianceHigh.Smart Grid can enable real time consumption monitoring and control;, enabling reduction of wasteful consumption
7 Smart Grid Roadmap provides several targets to be met In 2013, Government of India (GoI) has adopted a National Smart Grid Vision for India with following objective:"Transform the Indian power sector into a secure, adaptive, sustainable and digitally enabled ecosystem that provides reliable and quality energy for all with active participation of stakeholders”Key Targets and Highlights are as follows:12th Plan13th Plan14th PlanCompletion of ongoing smart grid pilotsAugmentation of data centres and communication network for AMI Roll outDistribution Automation & GIS/Automated distribution s/stns.Development of indigenous smart meterDynamic tariffs, Sustainability Initiatives –promoting distributed generationNationwide AMI roll out for customers >10KW loadMandatory Roof Top Solar for large establishmentsTotal Renewable integration of 80GW;EV charging infrastructureDevelopment of micro grids in total villagesDistribution AutomationDevelopment of 50 Smart cities.Mandatory roof top solarTotal Renewable integration of GW; 10% EV penetrationNationwide AMI roll out for customersContinuous Research &Development ;Choice of electricity supplierStable 24X7 power supply
8 India Smart Grid Task Force (ISGTF) India Smart Grid Forum (ISGF) Existing initiatives and activities will need to be scaled upIndia Smart Grid Task Force (ISGTF)India Smart Grid Forum (ISGF)14 Pilot ProjectsCreated under the Ministry of Power (MoP) to provide policy direction to the Smart Grid initiatives in the countryPPP initiative of MoP to support ISGTF, responsible for helping the stakeholders in the deployment of smart grid technologies and undertaking research work for promotion of such technologies14 smart grids pilots have been proposed to be implemented across various stages through support from the GoI.There are utilities like BESCOM, Tata Power Delhi Distribution Limited, CESC etc. who have started their own initiativesThere are also several additional initiatives that various entities have been undertaking working in their domain for smart grid support and implementation in India- CEA, BIS, CPRI, BEE etc.National Smart Grid Mission aims to further strengthen the above initiatives
9 A conducive regulatory framework will also be critical Smart Grids cannot evolve without dynamic, flexible regulationThe regulator will be a facilitator to smart grids businessDiscoms need to demonstrate clear positive benefits to consumersRegulators more than ever need to protect the interests of the consumersDelivering policy objectives.Ensuring value and protection to customersInvestment ApprovalRecovery through TariffPromoting end useProviding Incentives
10 Regulations will need to deal with multiple aspects
11 Scope of Smart Grid Regulations Approval of Smart Grids investments consistent with the objectives1Tariff design for enabling consumers, prosumers and utilities to derive benefits of the SG investments2Incentive/dis-incentive design for promoting deployment3Scope of Smart Grid RegulationsProtection of consumer privacy, maintaining integrity of data4Integration of Renewable/Distributed Generation for better grid visibility and efficiency7Security of network operations, particularly with respect of cyber security6Adoption of relevant equipment, communication and interoperability standards and codes5Entities may be required to demonstrate adherence to the requirements stipulated herein through appropriate reporting structures (preferred through automated means with minimum human intervention)
12 Initiative on this has already started Mr. B N Sharma, Joint Secretary (Distribution), MoP (Chairman)Mr. Pravinbhai Patel, Member (Technical), GERCMr. Alok Gupta, Member, MPERCMr. Pankaj Batra, Chief Engineer, I/C, CEAMr. S A Soman, Professor, IIT-MumbaiMr. N. S. Sodha, Executive Director, PGCIL Ltd. (Convenor)Draft regulations validated by the Committee has been presented to the Forum of RegulatorsA facilitative regulatory framework for promoting smart grid investments and applications is being laid out in India.Through the Ministry of Power and the Forum of Regulators in India, model smart grid regulations are under development.A Technical Committee constituted by MoP for development of SG Regulations has been formed
13 Thank You Anish De, Chief Executive Officer Mercados Energy Markets India Private Limited1202, Tower B, Millennium Plaza, Sector 27Gurgaon, Haryana , IndiaTel: | Mobile: | Fax: | |
14 Functionalities of SG Utility pilots aim to address several issues plaguing the distribution segment National PrioritiesSmart Grid Interventions proposed under the 14 GOI PilotsPower Demand ShortageDemand Side ManagementDemand ResponsePeak Load ManagementClean EnergyRenewable Energy IntegrationDemand Response (for balancing)Loss Reduction/ Operational Efficiency ImprovementTheft Management & Tamper DetectionAsset MonitoringMeter Data Management SystemSubstation AutomationAMIConsumer Service StandardsPower QualityWork Force/Crew ManagementOutage ManagementAutomatic BillingConsumer portal
15 Smart Grid Cell and Nodal Officer Smart Grid Regulations CoverageReview and Approval of Smart Grid InvestmentsRecovery of CostsRole of Smart Grid Consultation Committee (SG- CC)Evaluation, Measurement & VerificationInvestmentImplement specific Tariff Structure to promote deploymentProcess of tariff settingTariff DesignProduct StandardsSystem StandardsPerformance StandardsNetwork and Communication StandardsCustomer Data Protection StandardsSafety and StandardsAwareness and Capacity BuildingCustomer Participation and IncentivesConsumer or Prosumer Dispute Redressal ProcessCustomer EngagementConstitution of Smart Grid CellAppointment of Nodal OfficerSmart Grid Cell and Nodal OfficerWhile the regulations provides details of various themes, in certain cases it interfaces with the developments/standards and process already laid out in various documents
16 Objective of Smart Grid Regulations By greater technology adoption across the value chain in electricity sector (especially in T&D)Efficiency in generation and licensee operationsManage T&D network effectivelyEnhance network securityIntegrate renewable and clean energy into the gridEnhance network visibility and accessImprove customer / prosumer service level1Takes into consonance the National & State Roadmaps, and aims to propagate investments in SG and allied technologies in accordance with these roadmaps2Considering early stages of development, provides flexibility to experiment with new technologies and applications while duly protecting the legitimate interests of consumers and prosumers3
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