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TRADE AND INVESTMENT POLICIES Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All Rights Reserved.

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Presentation on theme: "TRADE AND INVESTMENT POLICIES Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All Rights Reserved."— Presentation transcript:

1 TRADE AND INVESTMENT POLICIES Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All Rights Reserved.

2 2 Copyright and Terms of Service Copyright © Texas Education Agency. The materials found on this website are copyrighted © and trademarked as the property of the Texas Education Agency and may not be reproduced without the express written permission of the Texas Education Agency, except under the following conditions: 1)Texas public school districts, charter schools, and Education Service Centers may reproduce and use copies of the Materials and Related Materials for the districts and schools educational use without obtaining permission from the Texas Education Agency; 2) Residents of the state of Texas may reproduce and use copies of the Materials and Related Materials for individual personal use only without obtaining written permission of the Texas Education Agency; 3) Any portion reproduced must be reproduced in its entirety and remain unedited, unaltered and unchanged in any way; 4) No monetary charge can be made for the reproduced materials or any document containing them; however, a reasonable charge to cover only the cost of reproduction and distribution may be charged. Private entities or persons located in Texas that are not Texas public school districts or Texas charter schools or any entity, whether public or private, educational or non-educational, located outside the state of Texas MUST obtain written approval from the Texas Education Agency and will be required to enter into a license agreement that may involve the payment of a licensing fee or a royalty fee.

3 Purpose of Assignment SWBAT Student will be able to… Understand the role of foreign aid in global trade and investment. Explain the goals and function of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and the North American Free Trade Agreement. Identify the major ways in which imports are being restricted and give reasons for controlling exports. Research case studies and issues on global trade using appropriate online technology. 3 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All Rights Reserved.

4 Need to Know Terms Foreign aid Global trade Global Investment GATT NAFTA Imports Exports Restricted 4 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All Rights Reserved.

5 Instruction Role of Foreign Aid in Global Trade and Investment Foreign Aid is the unilateral transfers of US resources (funds, goods, and services) by the US Government to or for the benefit of foreign entities (including international and regional organizations) without any reciprocal payment or transfer of resources from the foreign entities. Foreign assistance is not just confined to funds or commodities, it also includes the provision of technical assistance, capacity building, training, education, and other services, as well as the direct costs required to implement foreign assistance. Discussion If one of the main goals of trade and investment is to make money, and foreign aid, by definition, is to transfer resources without any payment, what role does foreign aid play in global trade and investment? 5 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All Rights Reserved.

6 Instruction Goals and General Function of GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs & Trade Founded in 1947 and operating in 1948, GATT had two main goals: promote world trade through negotiation make world trade secure Working on these goals helped increase global economic growth and development. In 1955, GATT was replaced by WTO (World Trade Organization). It has the same goals as GATT, but in addition, has the power to settle trade disputes and enforce the free-trade agreements between its members. 6 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All Rights Reserved.

7 Instruction Goals and General Function of NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) NAFTA began in 1994 with two goals in mind: ensure open markets ensure fair competition between companies in Canada, Mexico, and the United States Under the NAFTA, all non-tariff barriers to agricultural trade between the United States and Mexico were eliminated. In addition, many tariffs were eliminated immediately, with others being phased out over periods of 5 to 15 years. This allowed for an orderly adjustment to free trade with Mexico, with full implementation beginning January 1, Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All Rights Reserved.

8 Instruction Major Ways Imports are Being Restricted Specific items are restricted from being imported, prohibited_restricted.xml prohibited_restricted.xml Government agencies are in place to monitor imports, Specific standards have to be met by importers before allowing importation, ications/trade/iius.ctt/iius.pdf ications/trade/iius.ctt/iius.pdf Taxing of imported goods 8 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All Rights Reserved.

9 Instruction Reasons for Controlling Exports To protect the health and safety of workers. To ensure products are safe to use. To protect local businesses from foreign competition. Political risks. 9 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All Rights Reserved.

10 Independent Practice Case Studies-Global Trade Find three articles that discuss global trade. Once youve located the articles, record the following information: Name of Article Source of Article Writer of Article Summary of Article 10 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All Rights Reserved.

11 Review Do you understand the role of foreign aid in global trade and investment? Can you explain the goals and function of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and the North American Free Trade Agreement? Can you identify the major ways in which imports are being restricted and give reasons for controlling exports? Did you research case studies and issues on global trade using appropriate online technology? 11 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All Rights Reserved.

12 Extensions Foreign Aid If you had $100 and could divide it up to where a portion of it went to foreign aid and another went to exporting a good/service, how would you do it? Why? GATT The GATT eventually became the WTO (World Trade Organization). What are the goals of the WTO? NAFTA This is the agreement between the US, Mexico, and Canada. Why do you think we have our own group as opposed to joining the European Union? Exports and Imports Make a list of five things you have purchased or want to purchase. Do some research and find out if any of those items are either imported to or exported from the US. 12 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All Rights Reserved.

13 Assessment Rubric 13 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All Rights Reserved.


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