Presentation on theme: "Problems Faced during the Early Republic"— Presentation transcript:
1 Problems Faced during the Early Republic : First Five PresidentsWARM UP: Review your notes from yesterday. Quiz each other on the facts from the Early Republic Era.
2 I can describe five problems the early republic faced At the end of class you will answer five quiz questions for a grade.Quick ReviewWho were the first five presidents?Washington And Jefferson get Mad on MondaysWhat two events happened in 1803?Why is Marbury vs. Madison an important court case?Who fought in the War of 1812?
3 Five Problems faced During the Early Republic NotesDomestic Issues & PoliciesMaintaining National SecurityBuilding a MilitaryCreating a stable economic systemSetting up the court systemDefining the branches of government
4 1. Maintaining National Security and 2. Building a military The Whiskey Rebellion (p )What was it?When did it happen?What happened as a result of it?XYZ Affair (p.270)NotesDiscuss key terms: national; security.Students will read in book or online to answer the guiding questions. Write notes in journal.President George WashingtonPresident John Adams
5 3. Creating a Stable Economic System NotesAlexander Hamilton (Federalist) (p.260, 261, 262)Served with Washington as Secretary of TreasuryWanted to take on debtWanted a national bankWanted protective tariffsThomas Jefferson (Democratic-Republican)Served with Washington as Secretary of StateOpposed a stronger federal or national governmentStronger national governmentRead sections “Financial Problems” “Hamilton’s Plan” “Compromise Results” all of page 262.Watch Video to 3:55.President George Washington
6 I can describe five problems the early republic faced National Security and Stronger Military(1) Describe the Whiskey Rebellion.(2) Describe the XYZ Affair.(3) Creating a Stable EconomyWhat did Alexander Hamilton want to do? Who opposed him?THINK – PAIR – SHARE (This could also be done in groups of 5.)In pairs, number students (1,2) and (3). The (1,2) students will discuss problems 1 and 2. The (3) students will discuss problem 3. Share as a class.
7 4. Setting up the court system Notes4. Setting up the court systemJudiciary Act of (p.259)Federal court system was set up.JudgesConstitution is the highest law and must be followedJudicial branch decides what is constitutionalMarbury v. Madison (p.281)President George WashingtonPresident Thomas Jefferson
8 5. Defining the branches of government ExecutiveJudicialLegislativePresident’s Cabinet? Not in the constitution.States Rights? Can Congress create laws that limit what states can do? “Necessary and Proper”Louisiana Purchase? Can the president purchase land?The first five presidents set examples for others.What laws violate states rights? How powerful can the federal government be?The cabinet is not mentioned in the constitution, but Washington created one, and every president since has had one.Can a president purchase land? The constitution doesn’t say so, but Jefferson did. Jefferson paid France $15 million.Judiciary Act of 1789Marbury v. Madison 1803
9 I can describe five problems the early republic faced (4) Setting up the court systemDescribe the Judiciary Act of 1789.Describe the results of Marbury v. Madison (1803).(5) Defining the branches of governmentDescribe some of the issues that had to be determined.THINK – PAIR – SHARE (This could also be done in groups of 5.)In pairs, number students (4) and (5). The (1,2) students will discuss problems 1 and 2. The (3) students will discuss problem 3. Share as a class.
10 QUIZ GAME I can describe five problems the early republic faced. TRUE OR FALSE. You might have to explain your answer.
11 QUIZ GAME: Five Problems in Early Republic A characteristic of the Early Republic Era is the closing of the national bank.
12 QUIZ GAME: Five Problems in Early Republic A characteristic of the Early Republic Era is the use of protective tariffs.
13 QUIZ GAME: Five Problems in Early Republic In 1812, the United States doubled in size.
14 QUIZ GAME: Five Problems in Early Republic Some problems during the Early Republic Era ( ) wereDefining the authority of the national government;Maintaining national security; andCreating a stable economy.
15 QUIZ GAME: Five Problems in Early Republic In 1794, the Whiskey Rebellion threatened national security, so President Washington led U.S. troops to stop the riot.
16 QUIZ GAME: Five Problems in Early Republic During the Washington administration, The Judiciary Act established judicial review.
17 QUIZ GAME: Five Problems in Early Republic Thomas Jefferson would have supported a national bank.
18 QUIZ GAME: Five Problems in Early Republic Alexander Hamilton would reject the expansion of states’ rights.
20 The first Secretary of State #1The first Secretary of StateSaid, “The support of state governments and all their rights.”The third President of the United StatesWho am I?
21 #2The Early Republic Era is from The timeline shows three different eras. During which of the timeline’s eras was the Louisiana Purchase?
22 What was a result of the Judiciary Act of 1789? #3What was a result of the Judiciary Act of 1789?A war between Britain and the U.S. began.The supreme court gained impeachment power.The federal court system was set up.
23 A war with a foreign power. Stronger state governments. #4Which issue would be supported by a Democratic-Republican, but rejected by a Federalist?A war with a foreign power.Stronger state governments.A strong business culture.
24 They cause foreign goods to be more expensive than domestic goods. #5Why would Hamilton’s protective tariffs be good for United States businesses?They cause foreign goods to be more expensive than domestic goods.They allow Americans to buy foreign products.They allow businesses to borrow more money.
25 RECAP Notes Domestic Issues & Policies Maintaining National Security Building a MilitaryCreating a stable economic systemSetting up the court systemDefining the branches of government