21. How did nominating conventions contribute to the expansion of democracy in the 1820s? They drew media attention to the election.b. They allowed people to become more active in politics.c. They led to a voting system based on majority rule.d. They increased the presidential candidate’s popularity.
3b. They allowed people to become more active in politics.
42. All of the following are examples of how voting rights were expanded in the early 1800s EXCEPT a Maryland passed a state constitutional amendment that removed religious qualifications for voters.b. New western states allowed white men to vote regardless of property, religion, or other standards.c. Voters, rather than state legislators, began to nominate their own electors to the electoral college.d. Massachusetts granted one-half of a vote to each literate, free-born, Christian, African-American man.
5d. Massachusetts granted one-half of a vote to each literate, free-born, Christian, African-American man.
6#3 What caused an onlooker to observe, “The reign of King Mob seemed triumphant”? a the rush of Democratic party members to receive jobs in Andrew Jackson’s government through the spoils systemb. the celebration of Andrew Jackson’s presidential victory on the White House lawn with 20,000 raucous partygoersc. the rage people expressed about Martin Van Buren during the Panic of 1837, a severe economic depressiond. the 1836 resistance of the Creek Indians to federal troops, who captured 14,500 and led them to the Indian Territory
7b. the celebration of Andrew Jackson’s presidential victory on the White House lawn with 20,000 raucous partygoers
8#4 How did Andrew Jackson reward some of his supporters? with Indian landswith government jobswith a grand partywith gold and silver coins
10#5 In the early 1800s, Northerners supported tariffs because they helped them compete with Western hunters and ranchersc.British manufacturers.b.Southern agriculturalists.d.French-Canadian fur-trappers
12#6 All of the following were important reasons why Southerners opposed tariffs in the early 1800s EXCEPT?a. Tariffs increased the price of the goods they needed.b. Tariffs angered their European trading partners.c. They didn’t want tariffs to benefit their Northern rivals.d. They didn’t want Europe to raise tariffs on American goods.
13c. They didn’t want tariffs to benefit their Northern rivals.
14#7 What effect did the Tariff of Abominations have on Andrew Jackson’s America? Southerners, who had industries to protect, were angered by the tariff.b.Ill feelings between Northerners and Southerners grew because of the tariff.c.Northerners were angry with government for setting the tariff too high.d.Westerners, who manufactured goods for American buyers, were pleased.
15b. Ill feelings between Northerners and Southerners grew because of the tariff.
16#8 Arguments over which issue sparked the nullification crisis? a national tariffc.economic depressionb.bank operationsd.the states’ rights doctrine
18#9 How did President Andrew Jackson react to Vice President John C #9 How did President Andrew Jackson react to Vice President John C. Calhoun’s views on nullification?a.Jackson commended him because he and Calhoun whole-heartedly agreed.b.Jackson stood back and let Calhoun be judged by the voting public.c.Jackson openly disagreed with Calhoun and watched as Calhoun resigned.d.Jackson fired Calhoun over the issue and forced duty collection on the South.
19c. Jackson openly disagreed with Calhoun and watched as Calhoun resigned.
20#10 What ruling did the Supreme Court make in the case of McCulloch v #10 What ruling did the Supreme Court make in the case of McCulloch v. Maryland?a.that states like Maryland, have more power than the federal governmentb.that the national bank was constitutional and could not be taxed by Marylandc.that the federal government could forcibly collect taxes from Maryland and McCullochd.that the national bank’s charter could be renewed in Maryland
21b. that the national bank was constitutional and could not be taxed by Maryland
22#11 How did Andrew Jackson’s presidency set the stage for later economic trouble? He built the national bank out of state-based “pet banks.”b.He caused inflation by giving credit to settlers in the West.c.He created conflict with Britain by insisting on foreign tariffs.d.He raised the national debt by overspending on expansion.
23b. He caused inflation by giving credit to settlers in the West.
24They were all used to argue for the Tariff of Abominations. c. #12 What did the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions of , the Hartford Convention, and John C. Calhoun’s South Carolina Exposition and Protest have in common?a.They were all written or organized by supporters of the states’ rights doctrine.b.They were all used to argue for the Tariff of Abominations.c.They were all written or organized by members of the Democratic Party.d.They were all used to resolve the nullification crisis.
25a. They were all written or organized by supporters of the states’ rights doctrine.
26#13 What did Vice President John C #13 What did Vice President John C. Calhoun argue regarding the Tariff of Abominations?a.The federal government should have less power than the states.b.State governments should have no right to dispute federal laws.c.The federal government should favor his region over others.d.International trade should be a matter of federal law alone.
27a. The federal government should have less power than the states.
28#14 What was the Bureau of Indian Affairs? A congressionally-approved office established to protect the ways of American Indians.b.A federal government office established to oversee policy toward American Indians.c.A federal government agency designed to negotiate with Creek and Chickasaw Indians.d.A group established by the Mississippi legislature to track American Indian deaths.
29b. A federal government office established to oversee policy toward American Indians.
30#15 What was most significant about the Choctaw Indians after 1830? They were the first American Indians removed to Indian Territory.b.Their government was the first to be abolished by an American state.c.Their example inspired other American Indians to settle in Indian Territory.d.They were the first American Indians to be raided by settlers.
31a. They were the first American Indians removed to Indian Territory.
32#16 Where was Indian Territory? east of the Mississippi Riverc.most of present-day Oklahomab.south of the Blue Ridge Mountainsd.most of present-day Arkansas
34#17 Who benefited most from Andrew Jackson’s plan to remove American Indians to the West? American Indians, who gained protection by the U.S. governmentb.Andrew Jackson, who gained public approval as a result of his policyc.American farmers, who gained millions of acres of land for settlementd.Cherokee Indians, who gained a new model of constitutional government
35c. American farmers, who gained millions of acres of land for settlement
36#18 What did the Supreme Court rule in Worcester v. Georgia? The Cherokee Indians had to move from their land in Georgia.b.The state of Georgia had no legal power over the Cherokee.c.Only state governments had authority over American Indians.d.U.S. troops in any state had the right to move American Indians.
37b. The state of Georgia had no legal power over the Cherokee.
38#19 Which statement describes “The Trail of Tears”? the streams of blood that flowed from the Sauk Indians at the end of the Black Hawk Warb.the involuntary 800-mile march Cherokee Indians made in their removal from Georgiac.the line connecting Seminole Indian settlements up and down Florida’s east coastd.the traces of salt reportedly seen on Osceola’s face when he was found dead in prison
39b. the involuntary 800-mile march Cherokee Indians made in their removal from Georgia
40#20 Which word best describes Andrew Jackson’s treatment of American Indians? sympatheticc.strangeb.legald.brutal
42#21 Based on the U.S. government policy toward the Cherokee, why was the United States’ political leadership in such a hurry to uproot the American Indian population?a.The promise of resources like gold on tribal grounds outweighed any commitments to American Indian land rights.b.The removal of American Indians was politically popular at a time when fearful citizens were migrating west.c.Property for farming grew expensive as it became scarce and Americans wanted an opportunity to buy cheap land.d.Urban centers struggled with a growing population and city dwellers longed for the freedom of open spaces.
43a. The promise of resources like gold on tribal grounds outweighed any commitments to American Indian land rights.
44#22 What did the Seminole Indians do after signing a treaty in 1832 in which they agreed to leave Florida within three years?a.They brought a case against the state of Florida.b.They respected the treaty and took a deadly journey west.c.They ignored the treaty and resisted removal with force.d.They stayed in Florida and adopted white people’s culture.
45c. They ignored the treaty and resisted removal with force.
46#23 Which group did Osceola lead against U.S. troops? Saukc.Cherokeeb.Foxd.Seminole
48#24 Who was Chief Black Hawk? The leader of the Fox and Sauk Indians who decided to fight U.S. officials rather than leave Illinois.b.The Seminole leader who called upon his tribe to resist removal and wound up dying in prison.c.The Cherokee leader who persuaded his tribe to appeal to the U.S. Courts instead of using violence.d.The leader of the Chickasaw Indians who negotiated a treaty to get more supplies for the trip to Indian Territory.
49a. The leader of the Fox and Sauk Indians who decided to fight U. S a. The leader of the Fox and Sauk Indians who decided to fight U.S. officials rather than leave Illinois.
50#25 What do supporters of the states rights’ doctrine believe? State power should be greater than federal power.b.The Constitution grants Congress authority over interstate commerce.c.Northern interests should be considered before the interests of other regions.d.The Constitution treats Congress as less valuable than state legislatures.
51a. State power should be greater than federal power.
52a. a protective tariff c. a competitive tariff b. an revenue tax d. #26 During 1827, northern manufacturers began to demand a tariff on foreign-made woolen goods so that their products would sell better in American markets. What is the term for the kind of tariff they were demanding?a.a protective tariffc.a competitive tariffb.an revenue taxd.a homeland tax
54#27 What kind of policies did Westerners support during Andrew Jackson’s presidency? policies that boosted the farming economy and encouraged further settlementb.policies that lowered tariffs on manufactured goods from overseasc.policies that expanded the military presence in regional settlementsd.policies that maintained the slavery system throughout the country
55a. policies that boosted the farming economy and encouraged further settlement
56#28 What would a Democrat have nicknamed Andrew Jackson? the Mob Kingc.the People’s Presidentb.the Spoilerd.Chief Blackheart
68#34 What was stated in the States’ Rights Doctrine? Since the National Government formed the states, the National Government was supreme.b.Since the states had formed the National Government then state power should be greater than National powerc.Since the states were each separate, they behaved like individuals and should be given all of the rights outlined in the Bill of Rightsd.Since the states each had their own state governments, each state legislature could select the governor
69b. Since the states had formed the National Government then state power should be greater than National power
70a. John Marshall c. John Tyler b. Henry Clay d. John C. Calhoun #35 Who was a vocal supporter of states rights and eventually resigned as vice-president to support his home state of South Carolina?a.John Marshallc.John Tylerb.Henry Clayd.John C. Calhoun
72a. The States c. The Senate b. The Supreme Court d. The President #36 In the opinion of John C. Calhoun, who had the power to determine whether federal law was constitutional?a.The Statesc.The Senateb.The Supreme Courtd.The President
74#37 Daniel Webster debated intensely on the Senate floor in 1830 #37 Daniel Webster debated intensely on the Senate floor in Which of the following supports his position?a.That nullification gives a state a way to lawfully protest against federal legislationb.That the United States is one nation, not a pact of independent states and that the welfare of the nation should override that of individual statesc.That nullification was really a state issue and that the states should be able to decide the constitutionality of each federal lawd.That the United States should let nullification be decided by Congress and not the Supreme Court
75b. That the United States is one nation, not a pact of independent states and that the welfare of the nation should override that of individual states
76#38 Robert Y. Hayne debated intensely on the Senate floor in 1830 #38 Robert Y. Hayne debated intensely on the Senate floor in Which of the following supports his position?a.That nullification gives a state a way to lawfully protest against federal legislationb.That the United States is one nation, not a pact of independent states and that the welfare of the nation should override that of individual statesc.That nullification was really a federal issue and that the Supreme Court should be able to decide the constitutionality of each federal lawd.That the United States should let nullification be decided by Congress and not the Supreme Court
77a. That nullification gives a state a way to lawfully protest against federal legislation
78#39 How did President Jackson try to help the Southern states economic problems in 1832? He helped southern farmers reduce the price of seeds for plantingb.He urged Congress to lower their earlier tariffsc.He helped triple the amount of slaves imported from Africa and the Caribbean aread.He asked the Supreme Court to make the Tariffs of 1828 and 1832 unconstitutional
79b. He urged Congress to lower their earlier tariffs
80#40 What did President Jackson do in response to South Carolina’s threat to secede from the Union? He backed down and signed the Olive Branch Petitionb.He increased the taxes on slaves and goods produced by their statec.He urged Congress to pass the Force Bill to allow him to send in the armyd.He kicked South Carolina out and told them to see what it would be like to be their own independent country
81c. He urged Congress to pass the Force Bill to allow him to send in the army
82#41 What does Inflation mean? An increase in prices and a decrease in the value of moneyb.A decrease in prices and increase in the value of moneyc.An increase in prices and an increase in the value of moneyd.A decrease in prices and a decrease in the value of money
83a. An increase in prices and a decrease in the value of money
84#42 What was the Indian Removal Act of 1830? It was a law that allowed Native American Indians would come back and forth across the Florida Georgia Lineb.It was a law that authorized the removal of Native American Indians who lived east of the Mississippi River to be relocated to lands west of the Mississippi Riverc.It was a law that allowed Native American Indians to remove white settlers from their lands and reservationsd.It was a law that authorized Native American Indians to be allowed to settle from the Northeast to parts of the Southeastern United States
85b. It was a law that authorized the removal of Native American Indians who lived east of the Mississippi River to be relocated to lands west of the Mississippi River
86#43 What rationale did President Jackson and Vice-President Calhoun use that Indian Removal was a good thing for the Native American Indians that it affected?a.The land was much more fertile in the new Indian Territories than where they originally livedb.All Native American Indians would be closer together allowing them to trade more easily with each otherc.It would protect them from being harassed by settlers and allow them to keep their own way of lifed.The weather in the area they currently lived was dangerous, but the Southwest would have a much better climate
87c. It would protect them from being harassed by settlers and allow them to keep their own way of life
88#44 What is a severe economic slump in the economy known as? a. Inflation c. Recessionb. Depression d. Compression
92a. McCulloch v. Maryland c. Plessy v. Ferguson b. Roe v. Wade d. #46 In what case did the Cherokee file with the help of a missionary file and take to the Supreme Court saying that the Cherokee Nation was not subject to Federal Indian Removal?a.McCulloch v. Marylandc.Plessy v. Fergusonb.Roe v. Waded.Worcester v. Georgia
96#48 What two rulings did John Marshall give in the case of the Cherokee Indians? He ruled that the Cherokee did not have the right to the land they lived on and consequently they needed to moveb.He ruled that the Cherokee nation was a distinct community in which the laws of Georgia had not force and only the federal government had authority over themc.He ruled that the Cherokee did have a claim to the land, but that each individual state could override the federal governmentd.He ruled that the Cherokee could remain, but only if they allowed burial grounds to be torn up and used by developers
97b. He ruled that the Cherokee nation was a distinct community in which the laws of Georgia had not force and only the federal government had authority over them
98#49 All of the following were views in which the North and South differed distinctly on, EXCEPT a. Conflicting views on the issue of slaveryb. Different economic interestsc. Disagreement over the Indian policyd. Disagreement over protective tariffs
100a. Daniel Webster c. Jay Carney b. Patrick Henry d. Henry Clay #50 Who came up with a compromise over the tariffs in 1833 to help put off bloodshed for a few more years?a.Daniel Websterc.Jay Carneyb.Patrick Henryd.Henry Clay