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Chapter 10 Test Review 2013. 1. How did nominating conventions contribute to the expansion of democracy in the 1820s? a.They drew media attention to the.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 10 Test Review 2013. 1. How did nominating conventions contribute to the expansion of democracy in the 1820s? a.They drew media attention to the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 10 Test Review 2013

2 1. How did nominating conventions contribute to the expansion of democracy in the 1820s? a.They drew media attention to the election. b.They allowed people to become more active in politics. c.They led to a voting system based on majority rule. d.They increased the presidential candidates popularity.

3 b.They allowed people to become more active in politics.

4 2. All of the following are examples of how voting rights were expanded in the early 1800s EXCEPT a. Maryland passed a state constitutional amendment that removed religious qualifications for voters. b.New western states allowed white men to vote regardless of property, religion, or other standards. c.Voters, rather than state legislators, began to nominate their own electors to the electoral college. d.Massachusetts granted one-half of a vote to each literate, free-born, Christian, African-American man.

5

6 #3 What caused an onlooker to observe, The reign of King Mob seemed triumphant? a. the rush of Democratic party members to receive jobs in Andrew Jacksons government through the spoils system b.the celebration of Andrew Jacksons presidential victory on the White House lawn with 20,000 raucous partygoers c.the rage people expressed about Martin Van Buren during the Panic of 1837, a severe economic depression d.the 1836 resistance of the Creek Indians to federal troops, who captured 14,500 and led them to the Indian Territory

7 b.the celebration of Andrew Jacksons presidential victory on the White House lawn with 20,000 raucous partygoers

8 #4 How did Andrew Jackson reward some of his supporters? a.with Indian lands b.with government jobs c.with a grand party d.with gold and silver coins

9 b. with government jobs

10 #5 In the early 1800s, Northerners supported tariffs because they helped them compete with a.Western hunters and ranchersc.British manufacturers. b.Southern agriculturalists.d.French-Canadian fur-trappers

11 c.c. British manufacturers. h manufacturers.

12 #6 All of the following were important reasons why Southerners opposed tariffs in the early 1800s EXCEPT? a.Tariffs increased the price of the goods they needed. b.Tariffs angered their European trading partners. c.They didnt want tariffs to benefit their Northern rivals. d.They didnt want Europe to raise tariffs on American goods.

13 c.They didnt want tariffs to benefit their Northern rivals.

14 #7 What effect did the Tariff of Abominations have on Andrew Jacksons America? a. Southerners, who had industries to protect, were angered by the tariff. b. Ill feelings between Northerners and Southerners grew because of the tariff. c. Northerners were angry with government for setting the tariff too high. d.Westerners, who manufactured goods for American buyers, were pleased.

15 b. Ill feelings between Northerners and Southerners grew because of the tariff.

16 #8 Arguments over which issue sparked the nullification crisis? a.a national tariffc.economic depression b.bank operationsd.the states rights doctrine

17 a. a national tariff

18 #9 How did President Andrew Jackson react to Vice President John C. Calhouns views on nullification? a. Jackson commended him because he and Calhoun whole- heartedly agreed. b. Jackson stood back and let Calhoun be judged by the voting public. c. Jackson openly disagreed with Calhoun and watched as Calhoun resigned. d.Jackson fired Calhoun over the issue and forced duty collection on the South.

19 c. Jackson openly disagreed with Calhoun and watched as Calhoun resigned.

20 #10 What ruling did the Supreme Court make in the case of McCulloch v. Maryland? a. that states like Maryland, have more power than the federal government b. that the national bank was constitutional and could not be taxed by Maryland c. that the federal government could forcibly collect taxes from Maryland and McCulloch d.that the national banks charter could be renewed in Maryland

21 b. that the national bank was constitutional and could not be taxed by Maryland

22 #11 How did Andrew Jacksons presidency set the stage for later economic trouble? a. He built the national bank out of state-based pet banks. b. He caused inflation by giving credit to settlers in the West. c. He created conflict with Britain by insisting on foreign tariffs. d.He raised the national debt by overspending on expansion.

23 b. He caused inflation by giving credit to settlers in the West.

24 #12 What did the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions of 1798-1799, the Hartford Convention, and John C. Calhouns South Carolina Exposition and Protest have in common? a. They were all written or organized by supporters of the states rights doctrine. b. They were all used to argue for the Tariff of Abominations. c. They were all written or organized by members of the Democratic Party. d.They were all used to resolve the nullification crisis.

25 a. They were all written or organized by supporters of the states rights doctrine.

26 #13 What did Vice President John C. Calhoun argue regarding the Tariff of Abominations? a. The federal government should have less power than the states. b.b. State governments should have no right to dispute federal laws. c. The federal government should favor his region over others. d.d. International trade should be a matter of federal law alone.

27 a. The federal government should have less power than the states.

28 #14 What was the Bureau of Indian Affairs? a. A congressionally-approved office established to protect the ways of American Indians. b. A federal government office established to oversee policy toward American Indians. c. A federal government agency designed to negotiate with Creek and Chickasaw Indians. d.A group established by the Mississippi legislature to track American Indian deaths.

29 b. A federal government office established to oversee policy toward American Indians.

30 #15 What was most significant about the Choctaw Indians after 1830? a. They were the first American Indians removed to Indian Territory. b. Their government was the first to be abolished by an American state. c. Their example inspired other American Indians to settle in Indian Territory. d.They were the first American Indians to be raided by settlers.

31 a. They were the first American Indians removed to Indian Territory.

32 #16 Where was Indian Territory? a. east of the Mississippi River c. most of present-day Oklahoma b.south of the Blue Ridge Mountains d.most of present-day Arkansas

33 c. most of present-day Oklahoma

34 #17 Who benefited most from Andrew Jacksons plan to remove American Indians to the West? a. American Indians, who gained protection by the U.S. government b. Andrew Jackson, who gained public approval as a result of his policy c. American farmers, who gained millions of acres of land for settlement d.Cherokee Indians, who gained a new model of constitutional government

35 c. American farmers, who gained millions of acres of land for settlement

36 #18 What did the Supreme Court rule in Worcester v. Georgia? a. The Cherokee Indians had to move from their land in Georgia. b.b. The state of Georgia had no legal power over the Cherokee. c. Only state governments had authority over American Indians. d.d. U.S. troops in any state had the right to move American Indians.

37 b. The state of Georgia had no legal power over the Cherokee.

38 #19 Which statement describes The Trail of Tears? a. the streams of blood that flowed from the Sauk Indians at the end of the Black Hawk War b. the involuntary 800-mile march Cherokee Indians made in their removal from Georgia c. the line connecting Seminole Indian settlements up and down Floridas east coast d.the traces of salt reportedly seen on Osceolas face when he was found dead in prison

39 b. the involuntary 800-mile march Cherokee Indians made in their removal from Georgia

40 #20 Which word best describes Andrew Jacksons treatment of American Indians? a.a. sympathetic c.c. strange b.b. legald.d. brutal

41 d. brutal

42 #21 Based on the U.S. government policy toward the Cherokee, why was the United States political leadership in such a hurry to uproot the American Indian population? a. The promise of resources like gold on tribal grounds outweighed any commitments to American Indian land rights. b. The removal of American Indians was politically popular at a time when fearful citizens were migrating west. c. Property for farming grew expensive as it became scarce and Americans wanted an opportunity to buy cheap land. d.Urban centers struggled with a growing population and city dwellers longed for the freedom of open spaces.

43 a. The promise of resources like gold on tribal grounds outweighed any commitments to American Indian land rights.

44 #22 What did the Seminole Indians do after signing a treaty in 1832 in which they agreed to leave Florida within three years? a.They brought a case against the state of Florida. b.They respected the treaty and took a deadly journey west. c.They ignored the treaty and resisted removal with force. d.They stayed in Florida and adopted white peoples culture.

45 c. They ignored the treaty and resisted removal with force.

46 #23 Which group did Osceola lead against U.S. troops? a.a. Sauk c.c. Cherokee b.b. Foxd.d. Seminole

47 d. Seminole

48 #24 Who was Chief Black Hawk? a. The leader of the Fox and Sauk Indians who decided to fight U.S. officials rather than leave Illinois. b. The Seminole leader who called upon his tribe to resist removal and wound up dying in prison. c. The Cherokee leader who persuaded his tribe to appeal to the U.S. Courts instead of using violence. d.The leader of the Chickasaw Indians who negotiated a treaty to get more supplies for the trip to Indian Territory.

49 a. The leader of the Fox and Sauk Indians who decided to fight U.S. officials rather than leave Illinois.

50 #25 What do supporters of the states rights doctrine believe? a.State power should be greater than federal power. b. The Constitution grants Congress authority over interstate commerce. c. Northern interests should be considered before the interests of other regions. d.The Constitution treats Congress as less valuable than state legislatures.

51 a. State power should be greater than federal power.

52 #26 During 1827, northern manufacturers began to demand a tariff on foreign-made woolen goods so that their products would sell better in American markets. What is the term for the kind of tariff they were demanding? a.a. a protective tariff c.c. a competitive tariff b.b. an revenue taxd.d. a homeland tax

53 a. a protective tariff

54 #27 What kind of policies did Westerners support during Andrew Jacksons presidency? a. policies that boosted the farming economy and encouraged further settlement b. policies that lowered tariffs on manufactured goods from overseas c. policies that expanded the military presence in regional settlements d.policies that maintained the slavery system throughout the country

55 a. policies that boosted the farming economy and encouraged further settlement

56 #28 What would a Democrat have nicknamed Andrew Jackson? a.a. the Mob King c.c. the Peoples President b.b. the Spoilerd.d. Chief Blackheart

57 c. the Peoples President

58 #29 What is the practice of giving jobs to political backers called? a.The Favor Systemc.The Spoils System b.The Nullification Systemd.The Impressment System

59 c. The Spoils System

60 #30 What was Jacksons informal group of trusted advisors he met with to discuss issues known as? a.Kitchen Cabinetc.The Sons of Liberty b.b. The White Stripesd.d. Skull and Bones

61 a. Kitchen Cabinet

62 #31 What was the economy of the North based upon? a.Emerging Economyc. Manufacturing and trade b.b. Agriculture or farmingd.d. Fur trade and trapping

63 c. Manufacturing and trade

64 #32 What was the economy of the South based upon? a.a. Emerging Economyc. Manufacturing and trade b.b. Agriculture or farming d.d. Fur trade and trapping

65 b. Agriculture or farming

66 #33 What was the Tariff of 1828 called by Southerners? a.Tariff of Repugnancec.Tariff of Improbability b.Tariff of Superiorityd.Tariff of Abominations

67 d. Tariff of Abominations

68 #34 What was stated in the States Rights Doctrine? a. Since the National Government formed the states, the National Government was supreme. b. Since the states had formed the National Government then state power should be greater than National power c. Since the states were each separate, they behaved like individuals and should be given all of the rights outlined in the Bill of Rights d.Since the states each had their own state governments, each state legislature could select the governor

69 b. Since the states had formed the National Government then state power should be greater than National power

70 #35 Who was a vocal supporter of states rights and eventually resigned as vice-president to support his home state of South Carolina? a.a. John Marshall c.c. John Tyler b.b. Henry Clayd.d. John C. Calhoun

71 d. John C. Calhoun

72 #36 In the opinion of John C. Calhoun, who had the power to determine whether federal law was constitutional? a.a. The States c.c. The Senate b.b. The Supreme Court d.d. The President

73 a. The States

74 #37 Daniel Webster debated intensely on the Senate floor in 1830. Which of the following supports his position? a. That nullification gives a state a way to lawfully protest against federal legislation b. That the United States is one nation, not a pact of independent states and that the welfare of the nation should override that of individual states c. That nullification was really a state issue and that the states should be able to decide the constitutionality of each federal law d.That the United States should let nullification be decided by Congress and not the Supreme Court

75 b. That the United States is one nation, not a pact of independent states and that the welfare of the nation should override that of individual states

76 #38 Robert Y. Hayne debated intensely on the Senate floor in 1830. Which of the following supports his position? a. That nullification gives a state a way to lawfully protest against federal legislation b. That the United States is one nation, not a pact of independent states and that the welfare of the nation should override that of individual states c. That nullification was really a federal issue and that the Supreme Court should be able to decide the constitutionality of each federal law d.That the United States should let nullification be decided by Congress and not the Supreme Court

77 a. That nullification gives a state a way to lawfully protest against federal legislation

78 #39 How did President Jackson try to help the Southern states economic problems in 1832? a. He helped southern farmers reduce the price of seeds for planting b.b. He urged Congress to lower their earlier tariffs c. He helped triple the amount of slaves imported from Africa and the Caribbean area d.d. He asked the Supreme Court to make the Tariffs of 1828 and 1832 unconstitutional

79 b. He urged Congress to lower their earlier tariffs

80 #40 What did President Jackson do in response to South Carolinas threat to secede from the Union? a.He backed down and signed the Olive Branch Petition b.He increased the taxes on slaves and goods produced by their state c. He urged Congress to pass the Force Bill to allow him to send in the army d.He kicked South Carolina out and told them to see what it would be like to be their own independent country

81 c. He urged Congress to pass the Force Bill to allow him to send in the army

82 #41 What does Inflation mean? a.An increase in prices and a decrease in the value of money b.A decrease in prices and increase in the value of money c.An increase in prices and an increase in the value of money d.A decrease in prices and a decrease in the value of money

83 a. An increase in prices and a decrease in the value of money

84 #42 What was the Indian Removal Act of 1830? a. It was a law that allowed Native American Indians would come back and forth across the Florida Georgia Line b. It was a law that authorized the removal of Native American Indians who lived east of the Mississippi River to be relocated to lands west of the Mississippi River c. It was a law that allowed Native American Indians to remove white settlers from their lands and reservations d.It was a law that authorized Native American Indians to be allowed to settle from the Northeast to parts of the Southeastern United States

85 b. It was a law that authorized the removal of Native American Indians who lived east of the Mississippi River to be relocated to lands west of the Mississippi River

86 #43 What rationale did President Jackson and Vice-President Calhoun use that Indian Removal was a good thing for the Native American Indians that it affected? a. The land was much more fertile in the new Indian Territories than where they originally lived b. All Native American Indians would be closer together allowing them to trade more easily with each other c. It would protect them from being harassed by settlers and allow them to keep their own way of life d.The weather in the area they currently lived was dangerous, but the Southwest would have a much better climate

87 c. It would protect them from being harassed by settlers and allow them to keep their own way of life

88 #44 What is a severe economic slump in the economy known as? a.Inflationc.Recession b.Depressiond.Compression

89 b.Depression

90 #45 Who came up with the writing system for the Cherokee? a.Samosetc.Seqouya b.Squantod.Tonto

91 c.Seqouya

92 #46 In what case did the Cherokee file with the help of a missionary file and take to the Supreme Court saying that the Cherokee Nation was not subject to Federal Indian Removal? a.a. McCulloch v. Maryland c.Plessy v. Ferguson b.b. Roe v. Waded.d. Worcester v. Georgia

93 d. Worcester v. Georgia

94 #47 What were the wars fought by the Fox and Saux Indians known as? a.a. The Seminole Warsc.The Black Hawk Wars b.b. The Great Sioux Warsd.d. Star Wars

95 c. The Black Hawk Wars

96 #48 What two rulings did John Marshall give in the case of the Cherokee Indians? a. He ruled that the Cherokee did not have the right to the land they lived on and consequently they needed to move b. He ruled that the Cherokee nation was a distinct community in which the laws of Georgia had not force and only the federal government had authority over them c. He ruled that the Cherokee did have a claim to the land, but that each individual state could override the federal government d.He ruled that the Cherokee could remain, but only if they allowed burial grounds to be torn up and used by developers

97 b. He ruled that the Cherokee nation was a distinct community in which the laws of Georgia had not force and only the federal government had authority over them

98 #49 All of the following were views in which the North and South differed distinctly on, EXCEPT a.Conflicting views on the issue of slavery b.Different economic interests c.Disagreement over the Indian policy d.Disagreement over protective tariffs

99 c.Disagreement over the Indian policy

100 #50 Who came up with a compromise over the tariffs in 1833 to help put off bloodshed for a few more years? a.a. Daniel Webster c.c. Jay Carney b.b. Patrick Henryd.d. Henry Clay

101 d. Henry Clay

102 Good Job and Good Luck

103


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