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Pakistan Institute of Trade and Development, Islamabad.

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Presentation on theme: "Pakistan Institute of Trade and Development, Islamabad."— Presentation transcript:

1 Pakistan Institute of Trade and Development, Islamabad.

2 Scheme of the Presentation: (Contnd) Introduction Qualification Criteria Pakistans Position under Qualification Criteria List of GSP+ beneficiary countries Pakistans Export Profile to EU Sectoral Coverage under GSP Plus Potential for Pakistans Exports under GSP Plus along with tariff rates vis-a-vis other countries 2

3 Key Advantages Rules of origin in EU Required Standards and Regulations in EU Opportunities for Pakistan GSP+ Challenges Sector Specific Challenges 3 Scheme of the Presentation:

4 Introduction: (Contd) GSP+ is a scheme of preferential tariffs, unilaterally extended with the objective of increasing trade capacity among developing nations. The EU GSP is extended through three arrangements: GSP, GSP Plus and Everything But Arms (EBA). GSP+ is not extended automatically, countries have to apply and then it is subject to the EU Parliaments approval under the given eligibility criteria which is binding on the requesting state. The EU Parliament passed the Scheme and final count of voting was 409 in favor and 182 against. 4

5 Introduction: Government of Pakistan through its diplomatic and trade circles made intensive efforts to get this legislation passed through EU Parliament Under GSP Plus, 6274 tariff lines are eligible, of which 6269 are duty free. Textile products are classified as sensitive (HS Code chapters and 61-63) under GSP Plus. GSP Plus will result in duty free access in EU for 91% of its total imports GSP Plus beneficiaries must ratify and implement 27 international conventions. click hereclick here GSP Plus status will be awarded for a period of 10 years and its status is reviewed after every three years. 5

6 GSP Plus: Qualification Criteria Tariff preferences are conditional to commitments for ratification and implementation of 27 international conventions * (16 relating to human rights and labor rights (11 relating to governance and development issues).* GSP Plus is extended to countries considered vulnerable in their trade profile. Share of seven largest GSP sections : For exports to the EU, the share of top 7 sections should be greater than 75% of the total exports of that country to EU Share in the total GSP imports to the EU: In order to remain eligible for GSP Plus the share of total imports from one country to EU should not be more than 2% of the total imports of EU. 6

7 Pakistans Position under Qualification Criteria 7 GSP + criterionPakistans position The exports of beneficiary country for seven largest sections should be greater than 75% 94.6% Per capita income to be less than US$ 4000 (Not to be high middle income country) US$ 1,260 Import Vulnerability threshold (2%) 1.60%

8 List of GSP+ beneficiary countries Armenia Azerbaijan Bolivia Cape Verde Costa Rica Ecuador Pakistan Mongolia Paraguay Peru Georgia 8

9 Pakistans Export Profile to EU The total Pakistani export to the European Union in 2013 was US$ 6.58 billion. Total imports of EU-27 countries in 2012 was US$ 5.71 trillion. Pakistan has been struggling to improve its exports to the EU as compared to other developing countries. Grant of GSP Plus status is a significant development and big opportunity for Pakistan to enhance its exports to EU. 9

10 PAKISTAN-EU BILATERAL TRADE YEAR EXPORTS (US $ MILLION) IMPORTS (US$ MILLION) TRADE BALANCE (US$ MILLION) , , , , , , , , , , , ,966.80(-) , ,756.50(-) , ,222.00(-) , ,645.40(-) , , , , , ,

11 Sectoral Coverage under GSP Plus: The GSP+ provides tariff concessions in 6200 plus tariff lines. These products fall in the following sectors: Agricultural Products Mineral Products Chemical and Related Products Non - Consumable Animal and Plant Products Textiles and Apparel Non - Metallic Mineral Products Metals and Manufactured Articles Made Mostly of Metal Other Highly Manufactured and Special - Purpose Goods 11

12 Chapters covered under GSP Plus with Pakistans exports and tariff Pakistans Exports to EU for Chapters covered under GSP Plus is US$ 5.27 billion and chapter wise tariff and Exports are given. Click hereClick here 12

13 High Potential Chapters for Pakistan covered under GSP Plus (MFN tariffs are above 15%) 13 All Values in USD Million Top three competitors S. NoProduct codeProduct label Pak's Exports to EU in 2012 EU's total Imports in 2012 Total ad valorem equivalent tariff Peru's Exports to EU in 2012 Ecuador's Exports to EU in 2012 Costa Rica's exports in '04 Dairy products, eggs, honey, edible animal product nes % '02Meat and edible meat offal %0.00 3'17Sugars and sugar confectionery % '24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes % '20 Vegetable, fruit, nut, etc food preparations % '01Live animals % '11 Milling products, malt, starches, inulin, wheat gluten % '10Cereals % '16 Meat, fish and seafood food preparations nes % '07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers % Total

14 Considerable Potential Chapters for Pakistan' covered under GSP Plus 32 chapters covered under GSP Plus where MFN tariff ranges from 5% to 15% and Pakistan is tapping the EU market of US$ 3.74 billion. Where as the total EU imports of these chapters are of US$ 1.39 trillion. The list of trade, tariff and competitors for these chapters can access herecan access here 14

15 Average Potential Chapters for Pakistan covered under GSP Plus 45 chapters covered under GSP Plus where MFN tariff ranges from 0% to 5% and Pakistan is tapping the EU market of US$ 1.42 billion. Where as the total EU imports of these chapters are of US$ 3.62 trillion. The list of trade, tariff and competitors for these chapters can access herecan access here 15

16 Key Advantages of GSP Plus: The scheme will no longer end every 3 years,. Rather, it will last for 10 years. Better focus on those countries most in need By getting preferential access to the Union market, the scheme will assist developing countries in their efforts to reduce poverty and promote good governance and sustainable development The schemes tariff preferences should focus on helping developing countries having greater development, trade and financial needs. 16

17 Rules of Origin under in EU under GSP+ Products originate in a particular beneficiary country if they are: - wholly obtained in that country, or - sufficiently worked or processed there. In general terms, products are wholly obtained in a particular beneficiary country (or in the EU, in the case of bilateral cumulation) Globalization of manufacturing processes has resulted in many products being made from parts, materials etc. coming from all over the world. Such products are not of, course, wholly obtained but they can nevertheless obtain originating status. 17

18 Rules of Origin in EU under GSP+ WHAT IS THE EU GSP PROOF OF ORIGIN? There are three principal forms of proof used in the context of the EU GSP: I. The certificate of origin Form A, used as proof of origin at import into the EU and in regional cumulation II. The Invoice Declaration, and which can be used for low value GSP exports III. The Movement Certificate EUR, which may be used as may an invoice declaration, when goods are exported to beneficiary countries from the EU in the context of bilateral cumulation HOW ARE THESE DOCUMENTS USED? The Form A and invoice declaration are used by importers in the EU for GSP imports as evidence in support of their request that the goods be imported at preferential rates of customs duty. They are therefore important documents and have a value equal to the amount of customs duty that is waived by the EU. 18

19 European Union Standards Registration, Evaluation and Authorization of Chemicals (REACH): REACH requires all chemicals produced or imported into the EU in volumes above 1 ton per year to be registered. CE Marking: To sell certain products in the 28 EU member states, as well as in Norway, Liechtenstein, Switzerland, Turkey and Iceland, U.S. exporters are required to apply CE Marketing whenever their product is covered by specific product legislation. EU Flammability Requirements : There are no harmonized EU flammability requirements for home and house textiles. 19

20 European Union Standards Product Liability and Product Safety: The General Product Safety Directive (GPSD) aims to ensure that products placed on the market are safe, and places the obligation to place only safe products on the market on producers and to some extent on distributors. Biocidal products : Whenever biocidal products are added to textile and apparel products to give them specific properties (e.g. repel insects or avoid allergens) the provisions of the Directive 98/8/EC must be followed. Emission Trading System (ETS) : The European Emission Trading System aims to improve and extend the greenhouse gas emission allowance trading scheme of the Community. 20

21 Testing and Certification Mechanism in Pakistan Pakistan National Accreditation Council (PNAC) has achieved a milestone of Mutual Recognition Arrangements (MRAs) with International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC) and Asia Pacific Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (APLAC).Now Pakistan is included in the list of countries having equivalence status for accreditation of testing and calibration laboratories all over the world. Accredited In Pakistan, Accepted Everywhere In The World can access herecan access here 21

22 Opportunities for Pakistan (Cntnd…) Pakistan can earn more than USD 1 billion worth of goods by expansion of product lines through the GSP Plus duty-free status. Competitors in the T&C sector; China, India, Vietnam, Thailand, Indonesia have no duty free access as well as no preferential access – 10% to 14% duty advantage. In chapters 61 and 62 (knitted and woven apparel), an additional US$280 million can be earned in the first year (13.5% of current exports of products within the 6% threshold. In leather products (chapters 41 & 42), an additional US$97.1 million (17.5% of existing import levels) in the first year can be earned. For all other products, an additional US$ 250 million in the first year (17.5% of current exports) can be earned. 22

23 Opportunities for Pakistan Massive opportunities to provide employment due to increase in exports. Increased revenue for the exchequer in form of taxes from enhanced trade opportunities. Massive possibilities to earn foreign investment by inviting entrepreneurs from China and other countries to invest in industries with potential for rapid export expansion through GSP Plus. Chinas dwindling share in the global textile and clothing business, because of surging cost of production there, and Pakistans expected duty-free access to the European Union (EU) from next year, are being viewed by the textile industry as a once-in-a-lifetime kind of opportunity for the country. 23

24 Challenges… Pakistan has been a large supplier of textile and leather goods to the EU for long time but quality control and product standards remain a concern Product concentration in textiles and clothing sector and leather sector The key challenges to increasing Pakistans exports to the EU are found to lie primarily within the border. Which include costs of production lower productivity volatile prices of raw materials in the textiles and plastics sectors difficulty in achieving the required market standards costs of certification lack of customer confidence due to the poor security environment 24

25 GSP Plus: Sector Specific Challenges Textile sector Voluntary Social Standards (VSS) are compliance challenge for manufacturers and exporters Quality standards and certification Oeko-Tex 100 certification is awarded in four product classes only textile items for babies textiles used away from the skin furnishing materials Increasing demands for the EU Eco-Label 25

26 GSP Plus: Sector Specific Challenges Tanneries and leather sector NTB, Product standards are imposed on HS 4201, HS 4202, HS Lack of harmonization at the HS 8 digit level in leather goods and garments sectors Maximum Residue Levels (MRLs) standards Labor and environment related standards social accountability standards 26

27 GSP Plus: Sector Specific Challenges Plastic sector Lack of production compliances Testing and certification facilities Costs of compliance Heath Safety and Environment (HSE) and Occupational Health and Safety (OHAS) Frequent Asked Questions Click here for FAQs Click here 27

28 Thank You 28

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