Definition: Tax on imports. Where were we importing the most goods from? Britain and France
Tariffs cause the prices of imported goods to increase. This encourages people to buy goods manufactured in the United States. Local Manufacturers favor tariffs, while ordinary citizens oppose them. Artificial inflation occurs Inflation: The persistent increase in the prices of goods and services.
Southern states such as S. Carolina had very few manufacturers. Instead their economy was based mainly on agriculture. Tariffs hurt the general economy of Southern states like S. Carolina.
John C. Calhoun argued to nullify (cancel) the federal law that created these tariffs. Or any law that a state considered unconstitutional His argument… States created the federal government, so states have the ultimate say.
Congress passed a lower tariff Did not satisfy Calhoun President Jackson and Congress agreed to gradually lower the tariff S. Carolina accepted the new tariff Jackson also pushed a bill that would allow him to use the military to enforce US laws.
NO… It is the Judicial Branchs job to decide whether laws are unconstitutional, not states. States and the Federal government share powers. The constitution states that when a federal law and a state law is in conflict, the federal law wins out.