2Henry Clay Started out as a lawyer in Kentucky One of the “War Hawks” Favored war with Great BritainServed various terms as Speaker of the House and was Secretary of State fromFront-running advocate of the American System, which favored raising tariffs to promote industry in the U.S.
3Known as the “Great Compromiser” for his ability to arbitrate settlements between groups; most notably the 3/5’s CompromiseVery influential in the Nullification Crisis and in dealing with the issue of slavery in AmericaNegotiated the Treaty of GhentOpposed the National Bank
4Formulated the 1833 Compromise which gradually reduced the cost of tariffs for 10 years, which halted South Carolina from seceding from the Union
5Daniel Webster Started out as a lawyer and a school teacher Favored FederalismAttended Dartmouth CollegeKnown as the “Great Orator”Spoke out against the War of 1812Voted against 2nd U.S. BankSelected to the Rockingham Convention
6Elected to the House of Representatives in 1812 Opposed tariffs, favored free tradeHighly regarded for his intelligenceMany Supreme Court decisions were molded from Webster’s ideals
7Webster’s Cases 1. Dartmouth College Case 2. McCulloch vs. Maryland 3. Gibbons vs. Ogden“2nd Reply to Hayne”- federal and state government were both agents of the peopleThis strengthened Union sentiment throughout the North
8Webster’s support of Jackson pushed Calhoun to side with Clay Webster was against the 1833 Compromise which reduced the tariffWebster refused to be Vice-President to HarrisonOpposed annexation of Texas and th Mexican WarSupported Compromise of 1850
9John C. Calhoun Democrat-Republican U.S. Vice-President Main public figure of the SouthYale graduateTeamed with Clay to engage in war with Great BritainFavored protective tariffs in 1816, but was inconsistent on the issue as well as many other issues
10Secretary of War under Monroe Pivotal in fostering the West Point Military AcademyVP under J.Q. Adams & Jackson (resigned in 1832 over tariff issue)Strong nationalist initially, then favored particularism“Bill of Abominations” protecting higher tariffs was passed which angered the South and Calhoun
11The South did not manufacture goods (agricultural), so did not benefit from the tariff Calhoun now views North as a selfish entity
12Views on JacksonFavored reprimanding of Jackson for his tactics in the First Seminole WarHis wife Floride angered Jackson for her role in the Maggie Eaton affairAttacked Jackson’s “Spoils System”Opposed removal of government deposits from the Bank of the U.S.
13“Force Bill”Webster felt the Federal Government should have total say; Calhoun endorsed state’s rightsThis was the 1st intellectual duel between Webster and Calhoun1833 Compromise-gradually reduced the tariff over a 10 year spanCalhoun and the South did not like any criticism of their beliefs
14Calhoun dedicated the last segment of his life to the protection of Southern interests
152000 ElectionProblems with the Ballot Machines = only approximate totalsUnclear results mandated a recount of the votes between Gore and BushVery controversial matterWidely disputed; suspicious allegations around the nation