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What were the conflicts between the northern and southern states? We the People - Lesson Thirteen.

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Presentation on theme: "What were the conflicts between the northern and southern states? We the People - Lesson Thirteen."— Presentation transcript:

1 What were the conflicts between the northern and southern states? We the People - Lesson Thirteen

2 Economy in the Northern and Southern States 4 Northern States: –Farming –Fishing –Merchants –Bankers –Manufacturing –Center of shipping and trade with other nations - in direct competition with Great Britains shipping and manufacturing industries –Workers paid wages 4 Southern States: –Almost completely agricultural Cotton, Tobacco, Indigo –Plantations - slave labor –Products sold to Northern states - mainly Great Britain and other nations

3 Conflicts over Tariffs 4 Economic differences caused conflicts with Northern and Southern states 4 Disagreed over protective tariffs (import tax) 4 Northern Position: –Protective tariffs necessary to allow their business to be competitive with Great Britain - Buy American!!! –Wanted national government to have control over trade between states and other countries 4 Southern Position: –Tariffs would increase manufacturing cost –Unfairly favored the North –Afraid England would tariff products from South –Fewer citizens in South - afraid they might have less power than North in Congress

4 Conflicts Over Slavery 4 Slavery practiced over many parts of the world for over 2,000 years 4 Many Framers against slavery 4 Many in South depended on slaves as workers –Considered personal property –Delegates form three Southern states refused to be part of a national government that denied citizens rights to own and import slaves

5 Slave Population Census Connecticut 237,946 / 2,764 Delaware 59,096 / 8,887 Georgia 82,548 / 29,264 Maryland 319,728 / 103,036 Massachusetts 378,787 / 0 New Hampshire 141,885 / 158 New Jersey 184,139 / 11,423 New York 340,120 / 21,234 North Carolina 393,751 / 100,572 Pennsylvania 434,373 / 3,737 Rhode Island 68,825 / 948 South Carolina 249,073 / 107,094 Virginia 691,737 / 292,627

6 Compromises made to get Southern states to sign the Constitution 4 Served interests of both North and South 4 Article I; Section 8 –1. To lay and collect taxes, duties,imposts, and excises,... –3. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the Indian tribes; 4 Article I; Section 9 –1. The migration or importation of such persons as any of the states now existing shall think proper admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the year (1808)... 4 Article IV - Fugitive Clause –Slaves that escape must be returned to their owners

7 3/5 Clause

8 Developing Compromises to form the Union 4 Class will meet and develop a plan for dealing with the issues of tariffs and slavery. This plan should make it possible for all states to join the Union. 4 Select a spokesperson to present the plan to the entire class. Then, all members of the committee may help to clarify the plan. They should also help defend it against the criticisms by members of the other committees. 4 Each committee may then revise its plan, if it wishes, and put it on the chalkboard or chart paper. 4 Entire class will compare plans and try to reach an agreement on a plan. Then class will compare their plan with that of the Framers.

9 Seatwork Center Questions 4 What important differences of opinion existed between in the northern and southern states? Which of these do you think was the most controversial? Why? 4 What fundamental ideas about constitutional government were violated by the compromise reached between the northern and southern delegates? 4 Are there other ways that the issue of slavery could have been resolved at the convention? Explain your position.

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