Presentation on theme: "What were the conflicts between the northern and southern states?"— Presentation transcript:
1What were the conflicts between the northern and southern states? We the People - Lesson Thirteen
2Economy in the Northern and Southern States Northern States:FarmingFishingMerchantsBankersManufacturingCenter of shipping and trade with other nations - in direct competition with Great Britain’s shipping and manufacturing industriesWorkers paid wagesSouthern States:Almost completely agriculturalCotton, Tobacco, IndigoPlantations - slave laborProducts sold to Northern states - mainly Great Britain and other nations
3Conflicts over Tariffs Economic differences caused conflicts with Northern and Southern statesDisagreed over protective tariffs (import tax)Northern Position:Protective tariffs necessary to allow their business to be competitive with Great Britain - Buy American!!!Wanted national government to have control over trade between states and other countriesSouthern Position:Tariffs would increase manufacturing costUnfairly favored the NorthAfraid England would tariff products from SouthFewer citizens in South - afraid they might have less power than North in Congress
4Conflicts Over Slavery Slavery practiced over many parts of the world for over 2,000 yearsMany Framers against slaveryMany in South depended on slaves as workersConsidered personal propertyDelegates form three Southern states refused to be part of a national government that denied citizens’ rights to own and import slaves
6Compromises made to get Southern states to sign the Constitution Served interests of both North and SouthArticle I; Section 81. To lay and collect taxes, duties,imposts, and excises, . . .3. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the Indian tribes;Article I; Section 91. The migration or importation of such persons as any of the states now existing shall think proper admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the year (1808) . . .Article IV - Fugitive ClauseSlaves that escape must be returned to their owners
8Developing Compromises to form the Union Class will meet and develop a plan for dealing with the issues of tariffs and slavery. This plan should make it possible for all states to join the Union.Select a spokesperson to present the plan to the entire class. Then, all members of the committee may help to clarify the plan. They should also help defend it against the criticisms by members of the other committees.Each committee may then revise its plan, if it wishes, and put it on the chalkboard or chart paper.Entire class will compare plans and try to reach an agreement on a plan. Then class will compare their plan with that of the Framers.
9Seatwork Center Questions What important differences of opinion existed between in the northern and southern states? Which of these do you think was the most controversial? Why?What fundamental ideas about constitutional government were violated by the compromise reached between the northern and southern delegates?Are there other ways that the issue of slavery could have been resolved at the convention? Explain your position.