Presentation on theme: "Why can’t we all just get along?"— Presentation transcript:
1Why can’t we all just get along? The North and the SouthWhy can’t we all just get along?
2How were they so different? After the War for Independence, several northern states passed laws to abolish slaveryThe Southern states chose not toMany disagreements took place over the issueWhy do you think the South would want to keep a system of slavery in place?
3Cotton=one Very Important Crop The cotton gin wasinvented in 1793; itmade cotton easier toproduceSoutherners wanted more slaves to work in their cotton fieldsThe value of cotton is rising-it is in high demand all over the world.Textile mills in Britain and New England needed more cotton
4CottonCotton became the South’s most important crop and it was growing it for the entire world!Plantation owners used the money they were making to buy more land and slavesSlavery greweven bigger!
5The slavery argument rages The South said that slavery was too important to their economy to give up!The North said that slavery was slowing the country’s economyThe North thought slavery was unfair and wrong
6More differences than just slavery The South’s economy was agricultural and based on farmingThe North’s economy was changing as cities grew and factories were being built
7The Tariff Tiff A tariff is a tax on imported goods Congress passed high tariffs on goods made outside the U.S. like British textilesThe tariffs were used to help American manufacturingThe taxes greatly helped the North, but not the SouthThe South was unhappy to have to pay these taxes and not get any benefit from them
8States’ RightsJohn Calhoun, a Southerner started arguing against the tariffsHe believed in states’ rights which is the idea that the states, not the federal government should make decisionsMany Southerners agreed with him
9Sectionalism Develops Sectionalism is when one has loyalty to one part of the countryDisagreements over slavery, tariffs, and the issue of states rights led to people caring more about their section of the country rather than the U.S. as a whole
10Check all the characteristics that match the South: FactoriesBelieved in states’ rightsFarmingMany Manufactured goodsMany slaves
11Check all the characteristics that match the North: Big city lifePlantationsCotton growingSupported the tariffsAgainst slavery
12Harriet Beecher StoweHarriet Beecher Stowe was against the Fugitive Slave LawStowe was a writer from New EnglandShe wrote a story describing the cruelty of slavery and how slavery was not just a Southern problem, but a national problemHer book, Uncle Tom’s Cabin convinced many northerners that slavery was wrongThe Southerners thought that Stowe’s picture of slavery was wrongThe book was another source of disagreement between the North and the South
14John Brown’s RaidAn abolitionist named John Brown took matters into his own handsHe tried to start a rebellion against slavery by attacking a US Army post at Harper’s Ferry, VA.Soldiers captured Brown and his groupBrown was taken to trial, found guilty, and was hangedThe North saw Brown as a hero!
16A Country Divided The conflict bet. the North and the South worsens People in the South were worried that the abolitionists were trying to start a slave rebellionSome Southerners believed that secession was the only way to protect their way of lifeSecession is when part of a country leaves and breaks off from the rest
17Lincoln’s Election In 1860, the country elected a newpresident The Democratic Party was split between 2 candidatesThe Republican Party chose Abraham Lincoln as their candidateLincoln has support in the North, but very little in the South
18A New PresidentLincoln won the election overall, but did not win in one Southern stateThe South was upset and thought that the federal gov’t was growing too strong and Lincoln would try to end all slaveryThey believed the succession was the only way to protect their rights
19The South starts to secede South Carolina withdrew first followed by 6 other Southern statesDelegates from the 7 states met and decided to form their own confederation in which the states would have more power than the central gov’tThese states called themselves the Confederate States of America or the Confederacy
20Two PresidentsThe Confederacy decided to elect Jefferson Davis as PresidentMeanwhile, President Lincoln just wanted to keep the country together, but it was too lateIn Charleston, SC the state militia had surrounded Fort Sumter, a federal fort with US soldiers inside
21Fort Sumter The Confederacy wanted control of the fort The fort remained in union hands, but were running out of suppliesIf supplies were not sent soon, then they would have to surrenderLincoln wanted to keep control of Fort Sumter, so he sent more supplies
22The start of a warDavis made the decision to attack the fort before the supplies arrivedConfederate leaders saw the refusal to surrender the fort as an act of warThe Union troops ran out of supplies and were forced to surrenderThe Civil War has begunA civil war is a war between two groups in the same nation
24The following causes contributed to the start of the Civil War: Disagreement over States’ rightsDisagreement over slaveryDisagreement over tariffsUncle Tom’s CabinLincoln’s ElectionJohn Brown’s RaidThe attack on Fort Sumter