Presentation on theme: "The North and the South Why cant we all just get along?"— Presentation transcript:
The North and the South Why cant we all just get along?
How were they so different? After the War for Independence, several northern states passed laws to abolish slavery The Southern states chose not to Many disagreements took place over the issue Why do you think the South would want to keep a system of slavery in place?
Cotton=one Very Important Crop The cotton gin was invented in 1793; it made cotton easier to produce Southerners wanted more slaves to work in their cotton fields The value of cotton is rising-it is in high demand all over the world. Textile mills in Britain and New England needed more cotton
Cotton Cotton became the Souths most important crop and it was growing it for the entire world! Plantation owners used the money they were making to buy more land and slaves Slavery grew even bigger!
The slavery argument rages The South said that slavery was too important to their economy to give up! The North said that slavery was slowing the countrys economy The North thought slavery was unfair and wrong
More differences than just slavery The Souths economy was agricultural and based on farming The Norths economy was changing as cities grew and factories were being built
The Tariff Tiff A tariff is a tax on imported goods Congress passed high tariffs on goods made outside the U.S. like British textiles The tariffs were used to help American manufacturing The taxes greatly helped the North, but not the South The South was unhappy to have to pay these taxes and not get any benefit from them
States Rights John Calhoun, a Southerner started arguing against the tariffs He believed in states rights which is the idea that the states, not the federal government should make decisions Many Southerners agreed with him
Sectionalism Develops Sectionalism is when one has loyalty to one part of the country Disagreements over slavery, tariffs, and the issue of states rights led to people caring more about their section of the country rather than the U.S. as a whole
Check all the characteristics that match the South: Factories Believed in states rights Farming Many Manufactured goods Many slaves
Check all the characteristics that match the North: Big city life Plantations Cotton growing Supported the tariffs Against slavery
Harriet Beecher Stowe Harriet Beecher Stowe was against the Fugitive Slave Law Stowe was a writer from New England She wrote a story describing the cruelty of slavery and how slavery was not just a Southern problem, but a national problem Her book, Uncle Toms Cabin convinced many northerners that slavery was wrong The Southerners thought that Stowes picture of slavery was wrong The book was another source of disagreement between the North and the South
John Browns Raid An abolitionist named John Brown took matters into his own hands He tried to start a rebellion against slavery by attacking a US Army post at Harpers Ferry, VA. Soldiers captured Brown and his group Brown was taken to trial, found guilty, and was hanged The North saw Brown as a hero!
A Country Divided The conflict bet. the North and the South worsens People in the South were worried that the abolitionists were trying to start a slave rebellion Some Southerners believed that secession was the only way to protect their way of life Secession is when part of a country leaves and breaks off from the rest
Lincolns Election In 1860, the country elected a newpresident The Democratic Party was split between 2 candidates The Republican Party chose Abraham Lincoln as their candidate Lincoln has support in the North, but very little in the South
A New President Lincoln won the election overall, but did not win in one Southern state The South was upset and thought that the federal govt was growing too strong and Lincoln would try to end all slavery They believed the succession was the only way to protect their rights
The South starts to secede South Carolina withdrew first followed by 6 other Southern states Delegates from the 7 states met and decided to form their own confederation in which the states would have more power than the central govt These states called themselves the Confederate States of America or the Confederacy
Two Presidents The Confederacy decided to elect Jefferson Davis as President Meanwhile, President Lincoln just wanted to keep the country together, but it was too late In Charleston, SC the state militia had surrounded Fort Sumter, a federal fort with US soldiers inside
Fort Sumter The Confederacy wanted control of the fort The fort remained in union hands, but were running out of supplies If supplies were not sent soon, then they would have to surrender Lincoln wanted to keep control of Fort Sumter, so he sent more supplies
The start of a war Davis made the decision to attack the fort before the supplies arrived Confederate leaders saw the refusal to surrender the fort as an act of war The Union troops ran out of supplies and were forced to surrender The Civil War has begun A civil war is a war between two groups in the same nation
The following causes contributed to the start of the Civil War: Disagreement over States rights Disagreement over slavery Disagreement over tariffs Uncle Toms Cabin Lincolns Election John Browns Raid The attack on Fort Sumter