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Expansion & Change This is where you work on taking additional notes that are not on the screen…Good Luck.

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Presentation on theme: "Expansion & Change This is where you work on taking additional notes that are not on the screen…Good Luck."— Presentation transcript:

1 Expansion & Change This is where you work on taking additional notes that are not on the screen…Good Luck

2 3 Main Topics Early Politics Early Politics Development of Political Parties Development of Political Parties Development of Sectionalism Development of Sectionalism Arguments over expansion, transportation, & industrialization issues Arguments over expansion, transportation, & industrialization issues Arguments over the spread of slavery as we expanded (Free states vs. Slave states & Power in Gov.) Arguments over the spread of slavery as we expanded (Free states vs. Slave states & Power in Gov.) Expansion Expansion Fueled Industrialization-Changed America-Led to Improved Transportation Fueled Industrialization-Changed America-Led to Improved Transportation Led to economic boom, immigration, conflict Led to economic boom, immigration, conflict Industrialization Industrialization Fueled Expansion-Changed America Fueled Expansion-Changed America Led to New Inventions and Improved Transportation Led to New Inventions and Improved Transportation Led to economic independence, boom, immigration, social issues Led to economic independence, boom, immigration, social issues

3 Sectional Differences North North Cities-organized labor-unions-strikes Cities-organized labor-unions-strikes Transportation=gov. Transportation=gov. Tariffs=good Tariffs=good Slavery=bad Slavery=bad South South Feeds North-food and cotton Feeds North-food and cotton Supply, Demand, and Slavery Supply, Demand, and Slavery Transportation=private Transportation=private Tariffs=bad Tariffs=bad

4 Washingtons Presidency = n

5 Strengthening National Gov. Executive Branch created cabinet to assist President in running country Executive Branch created cabinet to assist President in running country Departments run by Secretaries Departments run by Secretaries Secretary of State: T. Jefferson Secretary of State: T. Jefferson Secretary of Treasury: A. Hamilton Secretary of Treasury: A. Hamilton Secretary of War: H. Knox Secretary of War: H. Knox Attorney General: Edmund Randolph Attorney General: Edmund Randolph All men played roles in founding our new nation All men played roles in founding our new nation

6 Congress defined the Judicial Branch Congress defined the Judicial Branch Judiciary Act 1789 Judiciary Act 1789 Created 13 District Courts and 3 Appellate Courts to assist Supreme Court Created 13 District Courts and 3 Appellate Courts to assist Supreme Court John Jay named first Chief Justice John Jay named first Chief Justice Congress also added the Bill of rights Congress also added the Bill of rights Met demand of Anti-Federalists Met demand of Anti-Federalists Strengthening National Gov.

7 Issues How does a country raise $? How does a country raise $? Taxes is obvious but…..what else….. Taxes is obvious but…..what else….. Tariffs Tariffs Taxes on imported goods as well as goods shipped to foreign countries Taxes on imported goods as well as goods shipped to foreign countries Angered the South Angered the South Beginning of Regional Interests Beginning of Regional Interests Bonds-to buy or not to buy? Bonds-to buy or not to buy? Rich get richer poor stay poor Rich get richer poor stay poor Investors invested in country though Investors invested in country though Beginning of economic differences/interests Beginning of economic differences/interests

8 More Compromise…and More to Come Government went with Tariffs and Bond Buy Backs Government went with Tariffs and Bond Buy Backs Also paid off foreign debts putting us in more debt Also paid off foreign debts putting us in more debt South agreed only when future capital location moved further south: D.C. South agreed only when future capital location moved further south: D.C. These plans sided with Alex Hamilton while Thomas Jefferson disagreed These plans sided with Alex Hamilton while Thomas Jefferson disagreed

9 Issues Banks: National (Private funded) vs. State/Private Banks: National (Private funded) vs. State/Private South felt North would control the banks and the money thus controlling them South felt North would control the banks and the money thus controlling them Rich getting richer Rich getting richer Gov. might be too powerful Gov. might be too powerful Does Constitution allow for a Bank? Does Constitution allow for a Bank?

10 Issues Whiskey Blues Whiskey Blues Small farmers running booze to make extra cash Small farmers running booze to make extra cash Gov. started taxing it….you know the story Gov. started taxing it….you know the story Washington himself leads army to squash rebellion Washington himself leads army to squash rebellion Message: Handle problems properly Message: Handle problems properly

11 Foreign Policy Neutrality & France? Neutrality & France? Federalists say…. Federalists say…. Democratic Republicans say…. Democratic Republicans say…. Heads still rolled Heads still rolled Problems with Britain Problems with Britain Jays Treaty Jays Treaty Most Favored Nation Status Most Favored Nation Status Issues with Spain Issues with Spain Pickneys Treaty Pickneys Treaty Westerners rejoice Westerners rejoice

12 Federalists vs. Democratic Republicans

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14 Ohio River Valley Ohio River Valley Technically ours from Treaty of Paris Technically ours from Treaty of Paris Those Darn Natives…who do they Those Darn Natives…who do they think they are Treaty of Greenville=Westward Ho Treaty of Greenville=Westward Ho

15 Adams Presidency

16 Cool Documentary…Not very interesting term Quasi War with France Quasi War with France XYZ Affair-corruption is un-American XYZ Affair-corruption is un-American Alien & Sedition Acts Alien & Sedition Acts Stop picking on me! Stop picking on me! Lets blame immigrants Lets blame immigrants Virginia & Kentucky Resolution Virginia & Kentucky Resolution Can a state declare a Federal Law illegal and ignore it? Can a state declare a Federal Law illegal and ignore it?

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18 How is the Electoral College Similar to the 1960 World Series #s on X-axis=Games TR=Total Runs for World Series TW=Total Wins for World Series

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20 Jeffersons Presidency jefferson

21 Tale of Two Terms Term 1 looks good Term 1 looks good Courts establish Judicial Review Courts establish Judicial Review Marbury vs. Madison Marbury vs. Madison Louisiana Purchase Louisiana Purchase Northern threat of Secession Northern threat of Secession Term 2 Mishaps Term 2 Mishaps Britain and France at it again Britain and France at it again Playing nice with Embargos a disaster Playing nice with Embargos a disaster

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23 Madisons Presidency did-you-know

24 An About Face Non-Intercourse Act Non-Intercourse Act Changes embargo but nothing else Changes embargo but nothing else Macons Bill Macons Bill Lets play international politics and play France against Britain Lets play international politics and play France against Britain War Hawks, Brits & Indians War Hawks, Brits & Indians War 1812 War 1812 At least we got a National Anthem At least we got a National Anthem Treaty of Ghent Treaty of Ghent

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26 Monroes Presidency feelings

27 Ive got good feelings…but not for long Sectionalism declines during and after War 1812 Sectionalism declines during and after War 1812 Issues Monroe Doctrine Issues Monroe Doctrine Western Hemisphere is U.S.s playground Western Hemisphere is U.S.s playground

28 Major Supreme Court Cases McCulloch vs. Maryland McCulloch vs. Maryland Can a state tax a national bank if the bank is in its state? Can a state tax a national bank if the bank is in its state? Gibbons vs. Ogden Gibbons vs. Ogden Who has the right to regulate interstate commerce? Who has the right to regulate interstate commerce? Further strengthens U.S. Gov. as most early court cases did Further strengthens U.S. Gov. as most early court cases did

29 Florida How should we get Spain to give up Florida? How should we get Spain to give up Florida? Answer=Let Andrew Jackson scare the heck out of them Answer=Let Andrew Jackson scare the heck out of them Adams Onis Treaty Adams Onis Treaty

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31 John Quincy Adams He was a president He was a president Nothing really exciting happened during his time Nothing really exciting happened during his time There is no documentary about him There is no documentary about him

32 Jacksons Presidency

33 Does Jackson Deserve to be on the $20 Bill? Lets find out more about him…shall we Lets find out more about him…shall we Use the resources provided and any additional knowledge you have to make your arguments Use the resources provided and any additional knowledge you have to make your arguments John Calhoun raises his wine glass: Mr. President, liberty ahead of union, most dear! John Calhoun raises his wine glass: Mr. President, liberty ahead of union, most dear! Andrew Jackson raises his wine glass: Mr. Calhoun, liberty next to preservation of union, most dear! Andrew Jackson raises his wine glass: Mr. Calhoun, liberty next to preservation of union, most dear!

34 Love him or hate him… Introduced the era of the common man in politics Introduced the era of the common man in politics Hes stubborn and proud of it Hes stubborn and proud of it Spoils System Spoils System Nullification Crisis Nullification Crisis Dinner Party Politics Dinner Party Politics Southern threat of secession Southern threat of secession Force Bill Force Bill

35 Natives Hate Him Indian Removal Act Indian Removal Act Supreme Court Decisions only apply to non-natives? Supreme Court Decisions only apply to non-natives? Worcester vs. Georgia Worcester vs. Georgia Trail of Tears Trail of Tears tml tml tml tml The Bank hates him…he killed it The Bank hates him…he killed it MVB couldnt be like him….let country slip into Panic of 1837 MVB couldnt be like him….let country slip into Panic of 1837

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38 1 st Land Acquisition

39 Ohio River Valley Ohio River Valley Technically ours from Treaty of Paris Technically ours from Treaty of Paris Those Darn Natives…who do they Those Darn Natives…who do they think they are Treaty of Greenville=Westward Ho Treaty of Greenville=Westward Ho

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42 Oregon

43 Texas

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45 Mexican War

46 main.html main.html main.html main.html

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49 An Ongoing Process Will start at the turn of the 19 th Century (Early 1800s) and continue throughout our curriculum Will start at the turn of the 19 th Century (Early 1800s) and continue throughout our curriculum Ideas borrowed from England Ideas borrowed from England Started in New England Started in New England Capital-Rivers-Climate-Resources- Capital-Rivers-Climate-Resources- South would continue farming to meet demands of North-Cotton=King South would continue farming to meet demands of North-Cotton=King

50 Equations Industrialization Industrialization America becomes self sufficient and economically independent America becomes self sufficient and economically independent Northern goods not as good (Quality) as European goods (Tariffs Promote U.S. goods) Northern goods not as good (Quality) as European goods (Tariffs Promote U.S. goods) Faster/Cheaper Production=Less production cost=cheaper selling price=more people buying=better economy (helped that more people had jobs allowing them to spend $) Faster/Cheaper Production=Less production cost=cheaper selling price=more people buying=better economy (helped that more people had jobs allowing them to spend $) Transportation Transportation Faster Shipping=Cheaper Shipping=Lower Cost of Product=More consumers buying Faster Shipping=Cheaper Shipping=Lower Cost of Product=More consumers buying


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