Presentation on theme: "Georgia High School Graduation Test – Science Practice Test"— Presentation transcript:
1Georgia High School Graduation Test – Science Practice Test
2The weight of a person on Earth is 6 times his or her weight on the Moon. What type of force is responsible for a person’s weight?A. inertialB. electromagneticC. gravitationalD. mechanical
3Soft drinks consist of a mixture of water, sugar, and flavoring, with carbon dioxide gas bubbled through it. Which of these ingredients would be considered the solvent?A. water B. sugar C. flavoring D. carbon dioxide
4What number should precede H2 in the chemical equation below in order for the equation to be balanced?___ H2+N2→2NH3A. 1B. 2C. 3D. 4
5A large number of iron nails were kept in containers in a humid room A large number of iron nails were kept in containers in a humid room. Some of the containers were open, and some were airtight. Sixty percent of the nails kept in open containers developed rust. Which of the following would be MOST important to know in order to draw a conclusion about whether the humidity might have contributed to the rusting?A. the percentage of nails weakened by the rustingB. the precise number of nails kept in air tightcontainersC. the percentage of nails in airtight containers thatalso developed rust D. the precise number of nails kept in the open
6B. a chemical storage battery C. a windmill Which of the following could be used to convert light energy to electrical energy?A. a solar cellB. a chemical storage batteryC. a windmillD. rotating coils in a magnetic field
7Which of the following is the BEST representation of molecules of water vapor?
8An inclined plane is used to move a heavy box from the ground into the bed of a truck. If 100 N of force is required to move the load up the ramp, how much work is done? Disregard any force of friction.A. 100 J B. 300 J C. 400 J D. 500 J
9A student connects three identical light bulbs in parallel to a dry cell as shown below. What happens when the student removes one of the light bulbs from its socket?A. All the light bulbs go out.B. The other light bulbs remainon and will be equallybright.C. The other light bulbs remainon, one less bright and theother the same brightnessas before.D. The other light bulbs remainon, one brighter and theother less bright than before.
10A. nitrogen B. oxygen C. carbon dioxide D. carbon monoxide In normal air, which of the following substances is MOST common?A. nitrogenB. oxygenC. carbon dioxideD. carbon monoxide
11A. none B. one-eighth C. one-fourth D. one-half The half-life of carbon-14 is 5,730 years. How much carbon-14 would remain after 11,460 years, if any?A. noneB. one-eighthC. one-fourthD. one-half
12Which is an example of the conversion of electrical energy into mechanical energy? water heating in an electric waterheaterB. filament glowing inside a light bulbC. fan blades turning in an electric fanD. coal burning to generate electricity
13A balloon is rubbed with a piece of cloth A balloon is rubbed with a piece of cloth. As a result, the balloon has a negative charge. What has happened?Electrons have moved from theinside to the outside of the balloon.B. Positive charges have traveled fromthe balloon to the cloth.C. Electrons have moved from theballoon to the cloth.D. Electrons have traveled from thecloth to the balloon.
14Which of the following pairs are isotopes of the same element? A. atom J (27 protons, 32 neutrons)atom L (27 protons, 33 neutrons)B. atom Q (56 protons, 81 neutrons)atom R (57 protons, 81 neutrons)C. atom V (8 protons, 8 neutrons)atom W (7 protons, 8 neutrons)D. atom S (17 protons, 18 neutrons)atom T (18 protons, 17 neutrons)
15A. convection B. conduction C. thermoelectric D. radiation Albert stirs a mug of hot chocolate with a metal spoon. What type of heat transfer is responsible for the spoon getting hot?A. convectionB. conductionC. thermoelectricD. radiation
16B. endoplasmic reticulum C. cell membrane D. vacuole Which organelle indicated below is responsible for making food for the plant from sunlight?A. chloroplastB. endoplasmic reticulumC. cell membraneD. vacuole
17to the hypertonic fluid surrounding the tubules. Which of the following example illustrates osmosis?A. Water leaves the tubules of the kidney in responseto the hypertonic fluid surrounding the tubules.B. Digestive enzymes are excreted into the smallintestine.C. White blood cells consume pathogens and celldebris at the site of an infection.D. Calcium is pumped inside a muscle cell after themuscle completes its contraction.
18Based on the summary equation for photosynthesis shown below, which of the following is produced by the reaction?6CO2 + 6H2O + light → C6H12O6 + 6O2A. CO2B. H2OC. lightD. C6H12O6
19Why is it important for the cells of multicellular organisms to undergomitosis?A. Mitosis allows for reproduction with male andfemale gametes.B. Mitosis increases variation within an organism.C. Mitosis produces cells that are different fromthe original dividing cell.D. Mitosis produces identical cells to the originaldividing cell.
20Pea plants have seeds that are either round or wrinkled Pea plants have seeds that are either round or wrinkled. In this cross, what will be the phenotypic ratio of the offspring?A. 50% RR and 50% RrB. 25% RR, 50% Rr,and 25% rrC. 50% round seedsand 50% wrinkledseedsD. 100% round seeds
21information is transformed to make a protein? Which of the following shows howinformation is transformed to make aprotein?A. DNA → RNA → proteinB. gene → chromosome → proteinC. cell respiration → ATP → proteinD. ATP → amino acid → protein
22A. Fungi C. Protista B. Plantae D. Animalia Which kingdom has representatives with the following characteristics?A. Fungi C. ProtistaB. Plantae D. Animalia
23“Survival of the fittest” was Darwin’s idea that organisms adapt to their environment in order for the species to survive long-term. This idea is known best asA. Natural selectionB. Big bang theoryC. Primordial soup modelD. Evolutionary model
24A. mold B. bacterium C. yeast D. lichen Which of the following organisms is used to help in the production of bread?A. moldB. bacteriumC. yeastD. lichen
25Which of the following is the smallest unit as shown on the metric ruler below? A. centimeterB. kilometerC. millimeterD. hectometer
26B. Agricultural science C. Ecology D. Soil science Which occupation would be LEAST concerned with the biomass production in a given county? A. OptometryB. Agricultural scienceC. EcologyD. Soil science
27An undisturbed deer population grows until its carrying capacity is reached. Which of the graphs below BEST resembles this deer population?
28Which of the following correctly lists the phases of the cell cycle starting with the interphase?