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CAREER CONCERNS Many factors contribute to the uncertainty and difficulties involved in making career decisions due to the the changing nature and complexity.

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Presentation on theme: "CAREER CONCERNS Many factors contribute to the uncertainty and difficulties involved in making career decisions due to the the changing nature and complexity."— Presentation transcript:

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2 CAREER CONCERNS

3 Many factors contribute to the uncertainty and difficulties involved in making career decisions due to the the changing nature and complexity of the global economy and current vocational marketplace One of the important methods suggested in past research in order to help the students to increase their knowledge of potential occupations, as well as to enhance their career maturity and self-concept, is by implementing career counseling interventions or programs. Implications The development of a scale that would assess the level and extent of career indecision among adolescents would be of great helped in directing career counselling intervention in order for a person acquire the necessary skills needed to progress in their career decision status

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6 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE TEST 30 item test The responses on the inventory are made on a 5 point Likert type scale, as follows: Almost Always True - 5, Frequently True – 4, Occasionally True – 3, Seldom True – 2, Almost Never True – 1 Sample Grade 10 students Majority are 16 years old and are female

7 FRAMEWORK/NOMOLOGICAL NETWORK PROCESSOUTPUT Item Development Item Validation Pilot Testing Factor Analysis Determine the Reliability and Validity of the Test Norms Prepare the Content of the Technical Manual Scale Maximization/ Implementation Reliable and Valid Scale in Measuring Career Decisiveness Development of Technical Manual Screening and Needs assessment scale for career counselling interventions

8 DEFINITION OF THE CONSTRUCTS Decided/Decisive Individuals Undecided/ Indecisive Individuals Those who have already decided on a career, satisfied with his/her choice and feel confident on his/her decision making capacity and are motivated and committed in pursuing career goals Those who have experience anxiety and negative affectivity in coming up with a plan of action; unsure of his/her career goals and have not made a decision. They may require career counseling to address the problems.

9 FIRST FACTOR LOADING Factor - 1Factor - 2 1. I feel I have enough information about the career I intend to enter.0.530420.022483 2. I have not decided about my future career.0.021940.704025 3. I have a clear understanding of the areas in which I have high skills.0.438650.093736 4. I need more information about different occupations in order to choose wisely.0.18058-0.094363 5. I am aware of my most dominant personality traits.0.529810.186086 6. I would like to know more about the career I have chosen.0.287110.297311 8. I have definitely made up my mind on what particular career I would like to pursue.0.494060.272882 9. I am uncertain because I cannot choose between two careers for which I have equal interest. -0.143820.540550 10. I have no idea as to what I would like to be in the future.0.051300.712506 11. I have very little interest in any career.0.035690.655977 12. I dont have any ambition to be anything at all.-0.026850.671806 13. I am aware of my strength.0.632720.071563

10 Factor - 1Factor - 2 14. I need more information on the best career options for me.0.15870-0.186667 15. I am aware of my abilities.0.628420.019210 16. I would like to know how I can best prepare for the career I am considering.0.279780.143746 17. In choosing a career I give more importance on my abilities.0.583770.098633 18. I have no specific career in mind.0.162720.712374 19. I ask the assistance of my guidance counselor regarding my career choice.0.25828-0.520053 20. I am exploring the career I would like to pursue through surfing the net.0.48513-0.290692 21. I solicit the views of my parents in my choice of career.0.45182-0.004819 22. I am being influenced by my peers in choosing career.-0.242850.573615 23. I consider the financial status of the family in choosing a career.0.46882-0.125024 24. I ask the opinion of those people engaged in the career I intend to enter.0.70109-0.022489 25. I dont have any idea on the career that will be more satisfying to me.0.052830.632064 26. I am unsure of my career goals.0.109310.836339

11 Factor - 1Factor - 2 27. I am changing my mind about my career plans.0.234430.814254 28. I think I lack the required personality traits for my career.0.175760.189601 29. I have difficulty planning my career due to changes in economy.0.043620.665935 30. I am unsure of my career alternatives.0.260930.508721 31. I feel that lack of maturity interferes with my career plans.0.123510.648820 32. I lack the necessary information for the career that I want.0.211930.648858 33. I can accurately assess my skills and abilities.0.51283-0.089253 34. I persistently worked on my career goals even when I get frustrated.0.44361-0.203933 35. I was able to choose a career that would fit my lifestyle.0.684690.110471 36. I certainly know what I value most in a job.0.63362-0.059351 37. I can figure out what I can sacrifice to achieve my career goals.0.72561-0.161423 38. I know the type of lifestyle I would like to live.0.650640.215253

12 Factor - 1Factor - 2 39. I have identified some career alternatives If I will not be able to get my first choice.0.61427-0.263963 40. I definitely know my occupational and career strength.0.74836-0.016008 41. I am now sure of myself and my decisions.0.591190.108921 42. I am bothered because until now I was not able to make up my mind for the career that I want to pursue. 0.040280.649442 43. I am confident in my capacity to make career decisions.0.751990.152686 44. I have a positive outlook on my career decisions.0.685570.221840 45. I asked the assistance of my parents in making career decisions.0.595850.054919 46. I feel satisfied with my career choice.0.629290.206773 47. I have not made up my mind for a specific career choice due to limited information on the different occupational fields. -0.021780.596479 48. I have problems coming up with a plan of action regarding career decisions.0.111910.718551 49. In choosing a career, I will follow the footstep of my parents.-0.408640.226371 50. I will take a career that would give me more opportunity to develop my abilities.0.636510.115207

13 Factor - 1Factor - 2 51. I know I have the ability to choose wise career decisions.0.702180.219684 52. I am confident with my decision making capacity.0.756990.203746 53. I am motivated to pursue my career goals.0.641500.246904 54. I am committed in pursuing my career aspirations.0.746030.079702

14 FACTOR 1 (28 ITEMS) Factor - 1 1. I feel I have enough information about the career I intend to enter.0.53042 3. I have a clear understanding of the areas in which I have high skills.0.43865 5. I am aware of my most dominant personality traits.0.52981 8. I have definitely made up my mind on what particular career I would like to pursue.0.49406 13. I am aware of my strength.0.63272 15. I am aware of my abilities.0.62842 17. In choosing a career I give more importance on my abilities.0.58377 20. I am exploring the career I would like to pursue through surfing the net.0.48513 21. I solicit the views of my parents in my choice of career.0.45182 23. I consider the financial status of the family in choosing a career.0.46882 24. I ask the opinion of those people engaged in the career I intend to enter.0.70109

15 33. I can accurately assess my skills and abilities.0.51283 34. I persistently worked on my career goals even when I get frustrated.0.44361 35. I was able to choose a career that would fit my lifestyle.0.68469 36. I certainly know what I value most in a job.0.63362 37. I can figure out what I can sacrifice to achieve my career goals.0.72561 38. I know the type of lifestyle I would like to live.0.65064 39. I have identified some career alternatives If I will not be able to get my first choice.0.61427 40. I definitely know my occupational and career strength.0.74836 41. I am now sure of myself and my decisions.0.59119 43. I am confident in my capacity to make career decisions.0.75199 44. I have a positive outlook on my career decisions.0.68557 45. I asked the assistance of my parents in making career decisions.0.59585

16 46. I feel satisfied with my career choice.0.62929 51. I know I have the ability to choose wise career decisions.0.70218 52. I am confident with my decision making capacity.0.75699 53. I am motivated to pursue my career goals.0.64150 54. I am committed in pursuing my career aspirations.0.74603

17 Factor - 2 2. I have not decided about my future career.0.704025 9. I am uncertain because I cannot choose between two careers for which I have equal interest.0.540550 10. I have no idea as to what I would like to be in the future.0.712506 11. I have very little interest in any career.0.655977 12. I dont have any ambition to be anything at all.0.671806 18. I have no specific career in mind.0.712374 22. I am being influenced by my peers in choosing career.0.573615 25. I dont have any idea on the career that will be more satisfying to me.0.632064 26. I am unsure of my career goals.0.836339 27. I am changing my mind about my career plans.0.814254 29. I have difficulty planning my career due to changes in economy.0.665935 FACTOR 2 (17 ITEMS)

18 30. I am unsure of my career alternatives.0.508721 31. I feel that lack of maturity interferes with my career plans.0.648820 32. I lack the necessary information for the career that I want.0.648858 42. I am bothered because until now I was not able to make up my mind for the career that I want to pursue. 0.649442 47. I have not made up my mind for a specific career choice due to limited information on the different occupational fields. 0.596479 48. I have problems coming up with a plan of action regarding career decisions.0.718551

19 FACTOR 1 FACTOR LOADING 1. I feel I have enough information about the career I intend to enter.0.558371 8. I have definitely made up my mind on what particular career I would like to pursue.0.511499 13. I am aware of my strength.0.645199 15. I am aware of my abilities.0.612939 24. I ask the opinion of those people engaged in the career I intend to enter. 0.685992 35. I was able to choose a career that would fit my lifestyle. 0.702638 36. I certainly know what I value most in a job. 0.636204 37. I can figure out what I can sacrifice to achieve my career goals. 0.742722 40. I definitely know my occupational and career strength. 0.769577

20 FACTOR LOADING 41. I am now sure of myself and my decisions. 0.602892 43. I am confident in my capacity to make career decisions.0.763311 44. I have a positive outlook on my career decisions.0.690481 46. I feel satisfied with my career choice.0.673585 51. I know I have the ability to choose wise career decisions.0.725700 52. I am confident with my decision making capacity.0.772582 53. I am motivated to pursue my career goals.0.675741 54. I am committed in pursuing my career aspirations.0.761000

21 FACTOR 2 FACTOR LOADING 2. I have not decided about my future career.0.691704 9. I am uncertain because I cannot choose between two careers for which I have equal interest. 0.587533 10. I have no idea as to what I would like to be in the future.0.686455 18. I have no specific career in mind.0.668322 22. I am being influenced by my peers in choosing career.0.535834 25. I dont have any idea on the career that will be more satisfying to me.0.640065 26. I am unsure of my career goals.0.861971 27. I am changing my mind about my career plans.0.833138

22 FACTOR LOADING 30. I am unsure of my career alternatives.0.571241 31. I feel that lack of maturity interferes with my career plans.0.677650 32. I lack the necessary information for the career that I want.0.680066 42. I am bothered because until now I was not able to make up my mind for the career that I want to pursue. 0.689648 48. I have problems coming up with a plan of action regarding career decisions.0.764086 Note: Factor Loadings below.40 have been omitted.

23 PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTY

24 VALIDITY

25 Content validity was established through concurrence of five experts in the field (2 guidance counselors, 2 professors, and 1 researcher) Selection of items was done through statistical analyses which contributed to construct validity of the test which in turned assure the structural validity of the scale.

26 A principal component analysis with varimax rotation was used to extract the factor structure of the instrument. A two factor model was confirmed with the Career Decisiveness Scale. Construct Validity

27 Criterion Validity is concerned with the extent to which the Career Decisiveness Scale (CDS) accurately discriminates between persons who are decided in the course and those are still undecided. Evidence of predictive validity was established by analyzing the differences in CDS Total score for each group. The Decided group showed significantly higher mean scores on the CDS Total Score (M = 109.29, SD = 10.92) than the undecided group (M= 80.93, SD = 9.54), t (-7.32 = 1.31, p = 0.000000).

28 RELIABILITY

29 The internal consistency (alpha) coefficients for the Career Decisiveness Scale (CDS) Total score was.92. Alpha coefficients for factors 1 and 2 are.93 and.91 respectively.

30 FURTHER RESEARCH Overall reliability of the instrument yielded a high reliability coefficient, however it is the dream of the developer to conduct a test-retest to establish the scales stability. A similar measure will also be administered to determine the extent to which CDS Total Score correlate with other measures of similar constructs in a theoretically consistent direction. To investigate further the development of the instrument, the scale will be administered to a large number og participants and other year levels to extend the test usability.

31 SAMPLE ITEMS

32 DIRECTIONS: This questionnaire contains statements about your feelings/attitude towards career decision making. Next to each statement, circle the number that represents how you feel about the statement using the following scoring system: Almost Always True-5 Frequently True-4 Occasionally True-3 Seldom True-2 Almost Never True-1 Be honest about your responses as there is no right or wrong answers. Base your answer on your actual experience, not on how you would like to be seen. There is no time limit but work quickly and make sure that each statement is carefully read and answered.

33 1. I feel I have enough information about the career I intend to enter. 2. I have not decided about my future career. 3. I have definitely made up my mind on what particular career I would like to pursue. 4. I am uncertain because I cannot choose between two careers for which I have equal interest. 5. I have no idea as to what I would like to be in the future. 6. I am aware of my strength.

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