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CAREER CONCERNS Many factors contribute to the uncertainty and difficulties involved in making career decisions due to the the changing nature and complexity.

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Presentation on theme: "CAREER CONCERNS Many factors contribute to the uncertainty and difficulties involved in making career decisions due to the the changing nature and complexity."— Presentation transcript:

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2 CAREER CONCERNS

3 Many factors contribute to the uncertainty and difficulties involved in making career decisions due to the the changing nature and complexity of the global economy and current vocational marketplace One of the important methods suggested in past research in order to help the students to increase their knowledge of potential occupations, as well as to enhance their career maturity and self-concept, is by implementing career counseling interventions or programs. Implications The development of a scale that would assess the level and extent of career indecision among adolescents would be of great helped in directing career counselling intervention in order for a person acquire the necessary skills needed to progress in their career decision status

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6 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE TEST 30 item test The responses on the inventory are made on a 5 point Likert type scale, as follows: Almost Always True - 5, Frequently True – 4, Occasionally True – 3, Seldom True – 2, Almost Never True – 1 Sample Grade 10 students Majority are 16 years old and are female

7 FRAMEWORK/NOMOLOGICAL NETWORK PROCESSOUTPUT Item Development Item Validation Pilot Testing Factor Analysis Determine the Reliability and Validity of the Test Norms Prepare the Content of the Technical Manual Scale Maximization/ Implementation Reliable and Valid Scale in Measuring Career Decisiveness Development of Technical Manual Screening and Needs assessment scale for career counselling interventions

8 DEFINITION OF THE CONSTRUCTS Decided/Decisive Individuals Undecided/ Indecisive Individuals Those who have already decided on a career, satisfied with his/her choice and feel confident on his/her decision making capacity and are motivated and committed in pursuing career goals Those who have experience anxiety and negative affectivity in coming up with a plan of action; unsure of his/her career goals and have not made a decision. They may require career counseling to address the problems.

9 FIRST FACTOR LOADING Factor - 1Factor I feel I have enough information about the career I intend to enter I have not decided about my future career I have a clear understanding of the areas in which I have high skills I need more information about different occupations in order to choose wisely I am aware of my most dominant personality traits I would like to know more about the career I have chosen I have definitely made up my mind on what particular career I would like to pursue I am uncertain because I cannot choose between two careers for which I have equal interest I have no idea as to what I would like to be in the future I have very little interest in any career I dont have any ambition to be anything at all I am aware of my strength

10 Factor - 1Factor I need more information on the best career options for me I am aware of my abilities I would like to know how I can best prepare for the career I am considering In choosing a career I give more importance on my abilities I have no specific career in mind I ask the assistance of my guidance counselor regarding my career choice I am exploring the career I would like to pursue through surfing the net I solicit the views of my parents in my choice of career I am being influenced by my peers in choosing career I consider the financial status of the family in choosing a career I ask the opinion of those people engaged in the career I intend to enter I dont have any idea on the career that will be more satisfying to me I am unsure of my career goals

11 Factor - 1Factor I am changing my mind about my career plans I think I lack the required personality traits for my career I have difficulty planning my career due to changes in economy I am unsure of my career alternatives I feel that lack of maturity interferes with my career plans I lack the necessary information for the career that I want I can accurately assess my skills and abilities I persistently worked on my career goals even when I get frustrated I was able to choose a career that would fit my lifestyle I certainly know what I value most in a job I can figure out what I can sacrifice to achieve my career goals I know the type of lifestyle I would like to live

12 Factor - 1Factor I have identified some career alternatives If I will not be able to get my first choice I definitely know my occupational and career strength I am now sure of myself and my decisions I am bothered because until now I was not able to make up my mind for the career that I want to pursue I am confident in my capacity to make career decisions I have a positive outlook on my career decisions I asked the assistance of my parents in making career decisions I feel satisfied with my career choice I have not made up my mind for a specific career choice due to limited information on the different occupational fields I have problems coming up with a plan of action regarding career decisions In choosing a career, I will follow the footstep of my parents I will take a career that would give me more opportunity to develop my abilities

13 Factor - 1Factor I know I have the ability to choose wise career decisions I am confident with my decision making capacity I am motivated to pursue my career goals I am committed in pursuing my career aspirations

14 FACTOR 1 (28 ITEMS) Factor I feel I have enough information about the career I intend to enter I have a clear understanding of the areas in which I have high skills I am aware of my most dominant personality traits I have definitely made up my mind on what particular career I would like to pursue I am aware of my strength I am aware of my abilities In choosing a career I give more importance on my abilities I am exploring the career I would like to pursue through surfing the net I solicit the views of my parents in my choice of career I consider the financial status of the family in choosing a career I ask the opinion of those people engaged in the career I intend to enter

15 33. I can accurately assess my skills and abilities I persistently worked on my career goals even when I get frustrated I was able to choose a career that would fit my lifestyle I certainly know what I value most in a job I can figure out what I can sacrifice to achieve my career goals I know the type of lifestyle I would like to live I have identified some career alternatives If I will not be able to get my first choice I definitely know my occupational and career strength I am now sure of myself and my decisions I am confident in my capacity to make career decisions I have a positive outlook on my career decisions I asked the assistance of my parents in making career decisions

16 46. I feel satisfied with my career choice I know I have the ability to choose wise career decisions I am confident with my decision making capacity I am motivated to pursue my career goals I am committed in pursuing my career aspirations

17 Factor I have not decided about my future career I am uncertain because I cannot choose between two careers for which I have equal interest I have no idea as to what I would like to be in the future I have very little interest in any career I dont have any ambition to be anything at all I have no specific career in mind I am being influenced by my peers in choosing career I dont have any idea on the career that will be more satisfying to me I am unsure of my career goals I am changing my mind about my career plans I have difficulty planning my career due to changes in economy FACTOR 2 (17 ITEMS)

18 30. I am unsure of my career alternatives I feel that lack of maturity interferes with my career plans I lack the necessary information for the career that I want I am bothered because until now I was not able to make up my mind for the career that I want to pursue I have not made up my mind for a specific career choice due to limited information on the different occupational fields I have problems coming up with a plan of action regarding career decisions

19 FACTOR 1 FACTOR LOADING 1. I feel I have enough information about the career I intend to enter I have definitely made up my mind on what particular career I would like to pursue I am aware of my strength I am aware of my abilities I ask the opinion of those people engaged in the career I intend to enter I was able to choose a career that would fit my lifestyle I certainly know what I value most in a job I can figure out what I can sacrifice to achieve my career goals I definitely know my occupational and career strength

20 FACTOR LOADING 41. I am now sure of myself and my decisions I am confident in my capacity to make career decisions I have a positive outlook on my career decisions I feel satisfied with my career choice I know I have the ability to choose wise career decisions I am confident with my decision making capacity I am motivated to pursue my career goals I am committed in pursuing my career aspirations

21 FACTOR 2 FACTOR LOADING 2. I have not decided about my future career I am uncertain because I cannot choose between two careers for which I have equal interest I have no idea as to what I would like to be in the future I have no specific career in mind I am being influenced by my peers in choosing career I dont have any idea on the career that will be more satisfying to me I am unsure of my career goals I am changing my mind about my career plans

22 FACTOR LOADING 30. I am unsure of my career alternatives I feel that lack of maturity interferes with my career plans I lack the necessary information for the career that I want I am bothered because until now I was not able to make up my mind for the career that I want to pursue I have problems coming up with a plan of action regarding career decisions Note: Factor Loadings below.40 have been omitted.

23 PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTY

24 VALIDITY

25 Content validity was established through concurrence of five experts in the field (2 guidance counselors, 2 professors, and 1 researcher) Selection of items was done through statistical analyses which contributed to construct validity of the test which in turned assure the structural validity of the scale.

26 A principal component analysis with varimax rotation was used to extract the factor structure of the instrument. A two factor model was confirmed with the Career Decisiveness Scale. Construct Validity

27 Criterion Validity is concerned with the extent to which the Career Decisiveness Scale (CDS) accurately discriminates between persons who are decided in the course and those are still undecided. Evidence of predictive validity was established by analyzing the differences in CDS Total score for each group. The Decided group showed significantly higher mean scores on the CDS Total Score (M = , SD = 10.92) than the undecided group (M= 80.93, SD = 9.54), t (-7.32 = 1.31, p = ).

28 RELIABILITY

29 The internal consistency (alpha) coefficients for the Career Decisiveness Scale (CDS) Total score was.92. Alpha coefficients for factors 1 and 2 are.93 and.91 respectively.

30 FURTHER RESEARCH Overall reliability of the instrument yielded a high reliability coefficient, however it is the dream of the developer to conduct a test-retest to establish the scales stability. A similar measure will also be administered to determine the extent to which CDS Total Score correlate with other measures of similar constructs in a theoretically consistent direction. To investigate further the development of the instrument, the scale will be administered to a large number og participants and other year levels to extend the test usability.

31 SAMPLE ITEMS

32 DIRECTIONS: This questionnaire contains statements about your feelings/attitude towards career decision making. Next to each statement, circle the number that represents how you feel about the statement using the following scoring system: Almost Always True-5 Frequently True-4 Occasionally True-3 Seldom True-2 Almost Never True-1 Be honest about your responses as there is no right or wrong answers. Base your answer on your actual experience, not on how you would like to be seen. There is no time limit but work quickly and make sure that each statement is carefully read and answered.

33 1. I feel I have enough information about the career I intend to enter. 2. I have not decided about my future career. 3. I have definitely made up my mind on what particular career I would like to pursue. 4. I am uncertain because I cannot choose between two careers for which I have equal interest. 5. I have no idea as to what I would like to be in the future. 6. I am aware of my strength.

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