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Test Resource Management Center

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1 Test Resource Management Center
Presented by Mr. Derrick Hinton Principal Deputy Director, TRMC 22 March 2011 at the DoD National HBCU/MI Conference DoD Research & Educational Opportunities Panel

2 Test Resource Management Center
Overview TRMC Mission Oversee Test & Evaluation (T&E) Budgets *Major Range Test Facility Bases (MRTFB) *Other T&E Budgets Within DoD Produce Biennial 10-Year Strategic Plan Certify Annual T&E Budgets *Military Departments *Defense Agencies Administer T&E Investment Programs *CTEIP *T&E/S&T Program *JMETC Program Oversee MRTFB Policy OUSD(AT&L) Honorable Ashton B. Carter Director, TRMC Dr. John B. Foulkes STEM Activities Principal Deputy Derrick Hinton Executive Office CFO, SMA, IT, etc. Personnel Deputy Director Test Resources Deputy Director Joint Investment Programs & Policy Deputy Director Test Infrastructure Deputy Director Strategic Planning Policy T&E/S&T Program CTEIP JMETC Program TRMC Organization DoD Field Activity Direct Report to USD (AT&L) SES Director and Principal Deputy 2

3 Connecting Researchers to the Warfighter
President Obama, State of the Union, 25 Jan 2011 “The first step in winning the future is encouraging American innovation. Our free enterprise system is what drives innovation. But because it’s not always profitable for companies to invest in basic research, throughout our history, our government has provided cutting-edge scientists and inventors with the support they need. Two years ago, I said that we needed to reach a level of research and development , we haven’t seen since the Space Race. And in a few weeks I’ll be sending a budget to Congress that helps us meet that goal. We’ll invest in biomedical research, information technology, and especially clean energy technology -- an investment that will strengthen our security, protect our planet, and create countless new jobs for our people. Maintaining our leadership in research and technology is crucial to America’s success. But if we want to win the future - - if we want innovation to produce jobs in America and not overseas – then we also have to win the race to educate our kids. Over the next 10 years, with so many baby boomers retiring from our classrooms, we want to prepare 100,000 new teachers in the fields of science and technology and engineering and math.” Investment in Basic and Applied Research is a commitment to the future warfighter 3

4 FY12 DoD S&T Budget Request Total FY12 S&T Request = $12.25B
Army = 1,945 Navy = 1,961 AF = 2,191 DARPA = 3,026 ChemBio = 396 DTRA = 555 OSD = 1,356 Other DA = 389 Total FY12 S&T Request = $12.25B (2,907) (2,283) (2,286) (2,009) ($ in Millions) (1,136) (595) (502) (528) 98 27 48 116 4

5 RDT&E Budget Request Overview - FY11 and FY12 Comparison -
(TY Dollars in Millions) Overall S&T up 1.9% (In Real Terms) from FY11 PBR Grew at a faster rate than DoD top line (1.4%) All three categories (6.1, 6.2, 6.3) had real growth RDT&E is down, but S&T is up 5

6 Test Resource Management Center
Overview TRMC Mission Oversee Test & Evaluation (T&E) Budgets *Major Range Test Facility Bases (MRTFB) *Other T&E Budgets Within DoD Produce Biennial 10-Year Strategic Plan Certify Annual T&E Budgets *Military Departments *Defense Agencies Administer T&E Investment Programs *CTEIP *T&E/S&T Program *JMETC Program Oversee MRTFB Policy OUSD(AT&L) Honorable Ashton B. Carter Director, TRMC Dr. John B. Foulkes STEM Activities Principal Deputy Derrick Hinton Executive Office CFO, SMA, IT, etc. Personnel Deputy Director Test Resources Deputy Director Joint Investment Programs & Policy Deputy Director Test Infrastructure Deputy Director Strategic Planning Policy T&E/S&T Program CTEIP JMETC Program TRMC Organization DoD Field Activity Direct Report to USD (AT&L) SES Director and Principal Deputy 6

7 The STEWARD of the DoD Test Infrastructure Major Range and Test Facility Base (MRTFB): The “Critical Core” 24 Sites: Army-9; Navy-6; Air Force-7; Defense Agency-2 Cold Regions Test Center Nevada Test and Training Range Utah Test and Training Range Keyport DISA,NCR NAWC-WD China Lake West Desert Test Center Aberdeen Test Center 30th Space Wing NAWC-AD Patuxent River NAWC-WD Point Mugu Electronic Proving Ground High Energy Laser Systems Test Facility Air Force Flight Test Center Arnold Engineering Development Center Yuma Test Center Tropic Regions Test Center, HI & Puerto Rico 45th Space Wing DISA,JITC 46th Test Wing (Includes 46th Test Group) PMRF White Sands Test Center U.S Army Kwajalein Atoll Reagan Test Site Atlantic Undersea Test and Evaluation Center Legend: Army, Navy, AF, Defense Agency 7

8 Test Investment Strategy
Department of Defense Test Investment Strategy Risk mitigation needs Technology shortfalls Risk mitigation solutions Advanced development Capabilities Service Modernization and Improvement Programs Acquisition Programs and Advanced Concept Technology Demonstrations T&E Multi-Service/Agency Capabilities DoD Corporate Distributed Test Capability TRMC Joint Investment Programs (FY09: $254M) Transition Requirements DoD T&E Strategic Plan* Service T&E Needs and Solutions Process Annual T&E Budget Certification* Quadrennial Defense Review Strategic Planning Guidance (6.3 Funding) (6.5 Funding) (6.4 Funding) 8 8

9 Test & Evaluation / Science & Technology (T&E/S&T) Overview
Mission: Develop Technologies Required to Test Future Warfighting Capabilities Established in FY02 Joint DDR&E / DOT&E Initiative Transitioned to TRMC in FY05 RDT&E Budget Activity 3 funds Purpose High Risk / High Payoff R&D for Testing Foster technology transition to major DoD test ranges Risk reduction for test capabilities developments Annual Broad Agency Announcements (BAAs) Academia Industry Government Laboratories Tri-Service working groups Validate requirements Evaluate proposals Facilitate technology transition Central Oversight – Distributed Execution 92 Active Projects Seven Test Technology Areas Advanced Propulsion 18 Active Projects Unmanned & Autonomous Systems 5 Active Projects Advanced Instrumentation 6 Active Projects Directed Energy 22 Active Projects Spectrum Efficiencies 13 Active Projects Multi-Spectral Sensors 16 Active Projects Netcentric Systems 12 Active Projects Shaping Technology into Tomorrow’s T&E Capabilities 9

10 Technology Readiness Levels
TRL 9 Actual system 'flight proven' through successful mission operations TRL 8 Actual system completed and 'flight qualified' through test and demonstration TRL 7 System prototype demonstration in an operational environment TRL 6 System/subsystem model or prototype demonstration in a relevant environment TRL 5 Component and/or breadboard validation in relevant environment TRL 4 Component and/or breadboard validation in laboratory environment TRL 3 Analytical and experimental critical function and/or characteristic proof of concept TRL 2 Technology concept and/or application formulated TRL 1 Basic principles observed and reported CTEIP Cost to Achieve T&E/S&T Program 6.3 6.2 6.1 10

11 Snapshot of Aeronautical Telemetry
Usage Trends & Spectrum Availability Prior to 2007 World Radio Conference Blue Line (Left Scale): Amount of spectrum available for aeronautical telemetry since 1960 Black Dots (Right Scale): Data rates for test vehicles at flight test ranges Red Line (Right Scale): Projected trend of test vehicle data rates Does not include WRC bands At WRC-07, ITU allocated an additional ~1.4 GHz for ATM 11

12 National Broadband Plan
Candidate bands for the Broadband Initiative are: Extensive impact and sharing studies underway by Ranges Very costly Lead times for research & development is years if bands are lost Wireless industry wants these specific bands because of cost and performance: MHz band matches the spectrum they got from us in 1990s ( ) MHz band pairs well with because industry can use same antennas & radios Frequency / Bands Amount (MHz) Current Allocation T&E Usage (Broadcast TV) VHF /UHF Frequencies 120 Non-Federal 13.9 Federal Yes 10 90 40 35 Shared 25 70 5 30 200 400 150 500 TOTAL 2263.9 Band critical for missile and missile defense T&E Band critical for all unmanned vehicle testing, including missile and missile defense T&E. All DoD satellite C2. Bands in yellow are used for various T&E purposes 12

13 Spectrum Efficient Technology
T&E Gaps Ability to transmit higher data rates in reduced bandwidth environments Ability to dynamically allocate frequency bands Ability to detect and use available portions of the spectrum Ability to operate in super-high frequency Ability to use newly acquired spectrum Need Quality of Service (QoS) management software S&T Challenges Develop more efficient modulation and signal coding techniques for greater efficiency (higher data rates in the same bandwidths) Develop software for the CTEIP Integrated Network Enhanced Telemetry (iNET) radio frequency (RF) management telemetry application Develop multi-band transmitters and broadband antennas Develop QoS management software and simulation tools Major Developments Mitigation of interference between two transmitter antennas Simulations to address iNET networking requirements RF channel model development to perform ground station system design Increased efficiency of linear RF power amplifiers (improved efficiency from 20% to 30%) Budget ($M) FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 4.8 6.2 10.8 10.9 11.1 11.2 11.4 13 active projects 13

14 Improving Testing of IRCM Systems
JMITS “paints” UV & IR signatures on IRCM systems and characterizes laser and flare countermeasures Both Units Delivered Directly to Test Eglin AFB (DoN LAIRCM Testing on Navy CH-46) China Lake (LAIRCM Testing on AFSOC CV-22) Included in Navy TEMPs DoN LAIRCM, JATAS, Assault & Strike DIRCM (for MH-60, MV-22, JSF, F/A-18E/F, CH-53) Included in Air Force TEMP LAIRCM NexGen (For C-17, C-130J, C-5, CV-22) Required T&E/S&T Development for Higher Power Continuous Wave Infrared Sources To simulate long range shots within MANPAD operational envelopes To simulate longer range RF SAMs during multi-spectral testing (RF & IR) Two Colors (IR-Red & IR-Blue) 14 14

15 Multi-Spectral Testing
T&E Gaps Ability to present accurate, high resolution battle scenes for sensor testing (e.g. missile warning system) Ability to present temperature ranges for missile plumes and afterburners for sensor stimulation Ability to stimulate sensors by projecting simulated scenes in real-time (trick sensor into responding to simulated data) Ability to project and inject spatially and temporally correlated high frame rate scenes for hyperspectral and multi-spectral seeker testing S&T Challenges Develop large-scale hyperspectral signatures and scenes Develop real-time, high frame rate battlespace representations with high spectral and spatial resolution Develop spatially and temporally correlated dynamic infrared and radio frequency scenes and targets Develop realistic spectral radiance and high dynamic range across environmental conditions Develop technologies to present high temperature (≥3,000°C) emitters Major Developments Emitters and projectors encompassing more than one spectral band (i.e., Near Infrared, Short-Wave Infrared, and Mid-Wave Infrared) High temperature, real-time scene generation using 3-D atmospheric models (more accurate than any existing model) High power carrying optical fibers for infrared countermeasure testing Budget ($M) FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 11.4 18.8 16.3 12.8 13.0 13.2 16 active projects 15

16 FY 2010 T&E/S&T Distribution
Project Leads Funding 16

17 Universities Supporting Test Technology Development
Morgan State University * Naval Post Graduate School New Mexico State University North Carolina State University Ohio State University Oklahoma State University Purdue University University of Alabama, Huntsville University of Arizona University of California Irvine University of California Los Angeles University of California San Diego University of Central Florida University of Delaware University of Florida (Gainesville) University of Hawaii at Manoa University of Illinois (Urbana-Champagne) University of Iowa University of Kansas University of Maryland (College Park) University of Missouri University of Pittsburgh University of Virginia University of Washington Utah State University Vanderbilt University Virginia Tech Brigham Young University Carnegie Mellon University Case Western Reserve University Columbia University Cornell University Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Fayetteville State University * George Washington University Georgia Tech Research Institute Harvey Mudd College Johns Hopkins University Lincoln University * Massachusetts Institute of Technology Middle Tennessee State University * Denotes MSI Since FY03, University Efforts Totaled > $60M Since FY03, Universities have led 37 projects (~15% of total portfolio), receiving ~8% of total program funding 17

18 Army Test and Evaluation Command (ATEC) & TRMC MOA (Signed on 15 Oct 2010)
KEY ELEMENTS TRMC will provide funding for undergraduate/graduate internships through on-going research efforts within the T&E/S&T Program ATEC will leverage the Student Career Experience Program (SCEP) to identify STEM student candidates to work at ATEC ATEC will work in coordination with TRMC to develop individual program development plans for the students ATEC will set aside billets within T&E for students to be hired upon graduation Program for Undergraduate/Graduate Students to Inspire, Develop and Attract Diverse STEM Talent to Careers in Test and Evaluation within the DOD 18

19 TRMC / Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI) Partnership to Identify MSI Research Capabilities
Identify Minority Serving Institutions (MSI) with Research Competencies that Address TRMC’s Test Technology Areas Mentor Minority Institutions on TRMC 6.3 Funding Opportunities Determine Synergistic Areas and Natural Partnerships Between TRMC and Minority Serving Institutions 19

20 T&E/S&T Program Summary
Develops test technology roadmaps and conduct studies to reduce risk for needed DoD test capabilities: DoD Strategic Plan for Test Resources Guidance CTEIP and Service Improvement and Modernization Risk Mitigation Needs Maintains close collaboration with DDR&E Advances STEM for the T&E community Universities involved thru projects initiated by BAA response Intern activities at DoD Test Ranges and Facilities Responds to transformation & warfighting changes Investigating technologies to support T&E in a GPS-Denied environment Evaluating new technology requirements to meet future Air Launched Weapons T&E needs Forward-Looking, Relevant, Agile, Efficient 20

21 Principal Deputy Director, Test Resource Management Center
Mr. Derrick Hinton Principal Deputy Director, Test Resource Management Center 21

22 Real-Time Time Space Position Information (TSPI) for Systems Under Test (SUT)
Drivers Programs Common Range Integrated Instrumentation System (CRIIS) - First real-time, high-precision (sub-meter) TSPI range system Joint Advanced Missile Instrumentation (JAMI) First hybrid GPS engine able to track in 100G environment. Subminiature Flight Safety -- for small missile tracking and termination. Challenge Goals/Successes Greater TSPI accuracy to evaluate future high accuracy platforms. CRIIS: sub-meter TSPI. ARDS: Fielded for 25 years on every major open air range for range control and tracking Over 300 air and ground packages sold 10 MRTFB ranges, training venues, Israel Variants: P5 Combat Training System, others JAMI: In production CRIIS: Risk reduction work completed. Expect contract award by end of FY10 to provide systems to replace the ARDS inventory starting in 2014. Next Generation TSPI Study completed. Note: CRIIS office is concerned that the intersection of the red dotted line and the green dotted line intersect so soon. CRIIS GPS ARDS 22

23 Improving Testing of Undersea Systems in a Realistic Operational Environment
Needs: Provide submarine undersea tracking during test events - without sub needing to ping! DARPA-developed chip scale atomic clock Key issues: Maintain clock accuracy, operate week+ without update Highly accurate track is displayed in real-time on board the tracked submarine 5 Ft. Insertion into undersea pingers T&E/S&T – CTEIP transfer: Providing critical test needs, validate crucial warfighting systems OT for Common Broadband Advanced Sonar System (CBASS) Torpedo 23

24 Improving Measuring Energy on Target
Scanning Target Board Image of ADS Beam Cell count (inches) Image of ADS System 1 Beam 20 40 60 80 100 120 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 5 10 Kirtland AFB Developed new test technology to characterize beam of Active Denial System in real-time 24

25 Improving Testing Hypersonic Propulsion Systems
Demonstrate Advanced Technologies Developed by T&E/S&T Program Advanced High Pressure/High Temperature Air Supply Advanced Survivable, Variable Mach Number Nozzles Advanced Clean Air Heat Addition 25

26 DoD S&T Budget Authority
DoD divides its RDT&E funding into seven different types of budget authority. The first three are collectively termed science and technology (S&T) budget authority. BA1 basic research, which is systematic study directed toward greater knowledge or understanding of the fundamental aspects of phenomena and of observable facts but without specific applications to processes or products in mind. BA2 applied research—systematic study to understand the means to meet a recognized and specific need. BA3 advanced technology development, which includes development of subsystems and components and efforts to integrate subsystems and components into system prototypes for field experiments or tests in a simulated environment. BA4 advanced component development and prototypes, including efforts that evaluate integrated technologies, representative modes, or prototype systems in a high-fidelity and realistic operating environment. BA5 system development and demonstration programs. Such programs conduct engineering and manufacturing development tasks aimed at meeting validated requirements prior to full-scale production. BA6 RDT&E management support. BA7 development of operational systems, which covers development efforts to upgrade systems that have been fielded or have received approval for full-scale production. 26

27 FY2007 DoD Obligations for Science & Engineering
Type of Institution FY2007 (in $M) Minority Institutions (MI) 61.6 Historically Black Colleges & Universities (HBCU) 40.6 Tribal Institutions 2.3 High Hispanic Enrollment Institutions (HHE) 106.7 ALL COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES xxxxxx Bumper Sticker 27


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