Presentation on theme: "Setting Cutoff Scores in C 4 Click on the screen or press the right arrow key ( ) on your keyboard to view the next slide. Press the left arrow key ( )"— Presentation transcript:
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General Notes Cutoff scores in C4 are set based on AutoTest Codes –AutoTest Codes are a series of test modules that an employer groups together for testing for a specific job or job category –You must create an AutoTest Code using the Test Creation Wizard (or the AutoTest Setup feature) before cutoff scores for that AutoTest code can be set Cutoff scores are typically determined by an employers own subject matter experts using C4s Validation Wizard feature –They are then entered using the Set Cutoff Scores feature in the C4 Administrators Program
Table of Contents Quick Links Click here with your mouse to continue the presentation about setting cutoff scores Click here to jump ahead in the presentation to the section on using Cutoff Scores and Printing Candidate Score Reports with Pass or Fail Status Indicated
Before you set cutoff scores … We strongly recommend that you review the validation report you created before you set any cutoff scores to make certain all of the information has been entered appropriately by your job experts
Before you set your cutoff scores you should check to see whether you have used the Validation Wizard feature for the AutoTest Code in question To do this, click on the Validation Report link in the C4 Administrators Program
Select the AutoTest Code you wish to view from the Validation Report menu
If you have not validated this AutoTest Code using the Validation Wizard you will see this message
If you have validated this AutoTest Code using the Validation Wizard you will see this screen You are now ready to set your cutoff scores. Hint: It may be helpful to print the Validation Report before you set the cutoff scores After 7 to 10 Job Experts have used the Validation Wizard, it should say Yes for all of the tests. If not, you will need to create a new AutoTest Code without the invalid tests It is recommended that a minimum of 7 to 10 Job Experts use the Validation Wizard to validate the tests, if possible
Click here To set the cutoff scores, you first click on the Set Cutoff Scores link on the C4 Administrators Screen
Default AutoTest Code initially appears here – Use this menu to view cutoff score settings for other AutoTest Codes This is the screen you see if the listed AutoTest Code has been validated using the Validation Wizard feature
Call Center Note: This message will also appear if Subject Matter Experts have responded to the Validation Wizard survey for the listed AutoTest Code, but the Validation Report feature has not been run in the Administrators Program for that AutoTest Code The message below appears on the screen if no Validation Report has been run for the chosen AutoTest Code
The first column shows the tests contained in this AutoTest Code
The second column is where you set the cutoff scores for each of the tests
If a Validation Report has been run for this AutoTest Code you have five choices when setting cutoff scores… First choice: Keep the cutoff score at none, which is the default. This means the cutoff score is set at zero – everyone passes no matter what they score. Default is None
Second choice: Set the cutoff score at the cutoff score suggested by your subject matter experts less one standard error of measurement Less 1 SEM
The cutoff scores listed in the Cutoff Score Setup area match the cutoff scores shown in the Report Summary section of the C4 Validation Report Summary This is a sample of the Report Summary section of a C4Validation Report Where do the cutoff scores in the Cutoff Score Setup screen come from?
Question: Why is there more than one recommend cutoff score for each test? Answer: Because no tests are perfect. They include "measurement error" and the U.S. Supreme Court has supported adjusting minimum passing (cutoff) scores to account for this. U.S. v. South Carolina, 434 US 1026 (1978)
The U.S. Supreme Court has supported that when a test is used for selection (i.e., hiring) purposes, employers consider adjusting the cutoff score downward one, two, or three standard error of measurements (SEMs) considering the five factors below
The standard error of measurement for each test is shown in the Detailed Validation Report What is a Standard Error of Measurement? If a person were to take the same test repeatedly, with no change in his or her level of knowledge and preparation, it is possible that some of the resulting scores would be slightly higher or slightly lower than the score that precisely reflects the persons actual level of knowledge and ability. The Standard Error of Measurement sets a boundary around where these hypothetical scores will lie. For example, a person who scores 45 on a typing test that has a SEM of 5 would most likely score between 40 and 50 about 70% of the time.
If you had to compute the standard error of measurement yourself, you would use this formula SEM refers to the standard error of measurement SD refers to the standard deviation of test scores r xy refers to the reliability of the test Note: More sophisticated methods are available for computing conditional SEMs (SEMs that change throughout the test score range) for tests that have more test items than are typically contained on CritiCall tests.
SEM refers to the standard error of measurement SD refers to the standard deviation of test scores r xy refers to the reliability of the test For more details, refer to the Test Validation chapter, Cutoff Scores section, of the CritiCall Administrators Manual The C4 System automatically computes the standard error of measurement and adjusted cutoff scores so you dont have to If you had to compute the standard error of measurement, you would use this formula
For example, the average less one SEM for this test is the average of suggested cutoffs (65%) minus one SEM (1.718), which is rounded out to 63%. The average less two SEMs for this test is the average of suggested cutoffs (65%) minus two SEMs (3.435), which is rounded out to 62. We follow the same logic for the average less three SEMs Calculating the adjusted cutoff scores using the standard error of measurement
So, the U.S. Supreme Court recommends you consider using one of these three cutoff scores instead of the average of suggested cutoffs Please contact Biddle Consulting Group, Inc. at if you have additional questions about how cutoff scores are indicated in the Validation Report
Third choice: Set the cutoff score at the cutoff score suggested by your subject matter experts less two standard error of measurements Less 2 SEMs
Fourth choice: Set the cutoff score at the cutoff score suggested by your subject matter experts less three standard error of measurements Less 3 SEMs
Add cutoff score Fifth choice: Set a custom cutoff score. Be extremely careful when setting custom cutoff scores since you may increase your liability exposure if you set an inappropriate cutoff score
Default is None If no Validation Report has been run for this AutoTest Codeyou will have only two choices First choice: Keep the cutoff score at none, which is the default. This means the cutoff score is set at zero – everyone passes no matter what they score.
If no Validation Report has been run for this AutoTest Code We recommend entering one of the adjusted cutoff scores (average cutoff score minus one, two, or three standard errors of measurement) listed in the Validation Report you have produced for this AutoTest Code Second choice: Set the cutoff score at the cutoff score suggested by your subject matter experts or using some custom cutoff score Add cutoff score
Rule: Pass/Fail If a test taker scores below the cutoff score that has been set for ANY test that uses the Pass/Fail rule, that test taker fails that test. This rule currently cannot be changed or modified. The third column shows how the cutoff score will be used
Low SME Warning is shown if less than 7 SMEs used the Validation Wizard for this test The final column indicates the total number of the subject matter experts (SMEs) who have used the Validation Wizard for this AutoTest Code Number of Subject Matter Experts The U.S. Courts indicate that a minimum of seven to ten Subject Matter Experts should provide validation information, if possible
After all of the cutoff scores are set, click on the Save and then the Close buttons If you wish to exit without saving any changes, just click on the Close button
Using Cutoff Scores and Printing Candidate Score Reports with Pass or Fail Status Indicated
Click here To print a Candidate Score Report showing test takers Pass or Fail status, click on the Candidate Score Report link on the C4 Administrators Screen
First, select the candidate(s) whose Candidate Score Report you wish to print by clicking on the check box by their names Hint: You can limit the candidates who appear on this screen by creating filters in the area provided (see above). After filtering, click on the Update List button to apply the filter. (See CritiCall Manual for more details)
To create a report that indicates whether a person passes or fails an AutoTest Code you have set cutoff scores for, check ( ) the Pass/Fail Report option on the Candidate Score Report dialogue box before printing the report
The dialogue box shown here will appear on the screen even if you have used the Validation Wizard for this AutoTest Code. It is merely an advisory message reminding users that they must set the cutoff scores before they will accurately appear on the Pass/Fail version of the Candidate Score Report.
This is what the Pass/Fail Candidate Score Report looks like IMPORTANT! Check the AutoTest Code name here to make sure this is the AutoTest Code you wanted to score If this is not the AutoTest Code you wanted to score, it may be beneficial to go back to the Candidate Score Report dialogue box and limit the test takers by filtering
This is what the Pass/Fail Candidate Score Report looks like Test Takers score for each test The tests in the Candidate Score Report are listed in the order in which they were administered to the test taker
This is what the Pass/Fail Candidate Score Report looks like Cutoff scores you have set using the Set Cutoff Score feature Candidates Pass/Fail status for each test
This is what the Pass/Fail Candidate Score Report looks like Pass in this column means the test taker scored at or above the cutoff score set for each of the C4 test administered Fail in this column means the test taker scored below the cutoff score set for a C4 test Pass/Fail status for each test module and for the overall scores
This is what the Pass/Fail Candidate Score Report looks like In this example the test taker failed the Customer Service Interaction test since they scored (61%), which is lower than the cutoff score (63%) that had been set
In our experience… Many employers find it beneficial to consider only those candidates who have passed all of the required tests in the AutoTest Code –Those who fail one or more tests may have difficulties in those areas if hired –Those who fail one or more tests are more likely to need additional supervision and training if hired
Frequently Asked Question Question: Can I change the cutoff scores for an AutoTest Code after they have been set and used to score some test takers? Answer: Yes. You can change cutoff scores at any time. –However, every Candidate Score Report you print out reflects the most recently set cutoff scores, even if some of those candidates have been graded using previously set cutoff scores
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