Presentation on theme: "Response to an Intensive Intervention as a Function of Age, Phonological Processing, & Sublexical Sound-Spelling Automaticity Dr. Jamie Metsala Jarislowsky."— Presentation transcript:
1 Response to an Intensive Intervention as a Function of Age, Phonological Processing, & Sublexical Sound-Spelling Automaticity Dr. Jamie Metsala Jarislowsky Chair in Learning Disabilities Mount Saint Vincent UniversityHighlights of presentation at the 4th Annual All European Conference on Dyslexia in Vaxjo, SwedenSeptember 2013
2 Performance of 136 students was examined from the SpellRead™ program at the Halifax Learning Centre. Research Questions included: i) Do students at different ages improve at the same rate with the program? ii) Does the mean group performance across different reading skills move into the average range? iii) Fluency standard scores have proven resistant to change in research studies for students in grades 2/3 & upwards. With its focus on automaticity, does SpellRead ™ increase standard fluency scores?
3 SpellRead ProgramIdentify words accurately, quickly, & confidently through instruction in:Phonemic awareness2. Phonics3. Fluency (automaticity)Form meaning once the words are recognized through instruction in:4. Vocabulary development5. Comprehension strategies
4 Small group–typically 3-5 children Mastery - 10 phonemic awareness and phonics activities & CARD PACKSText reading practiced at appropriate level (95% accuracy word recognition)Free writing - getting thoughts down, respond to text, new story endings, using sounds etc.Ability to track and adjust to individual student progress.
5 Speed Reading – A.8.4Speed packs contain cards representing each of the 44 sounds of the English language. Students will practice reading the cards, timing their progress.These cards contain both CV & VC ‘non-words’.The ‘Silver’ Time to complete these cards is:40 cards…in 40 sec’sFishA.10.3moooyseemawthfoyeethafeeeshoothsha_efawtheeoyshsooawsmawtha_esoyoofameThis is only 20 of the 40 cards.Calso be used for games such as ‘Fish’ & ‘Memory’.There are 9 speed packs for students to master:
6 Speed Reading – A.8.4 ‘Gold Time’ Speed packs need to be passed at two different times over the course of the program – Silver and Gold.FishA.10.3moooysCV & VC non-words.‘Gold Time’:40 cards…in 25 sec’s!Likely achieved when the student is in Phase B.Timed & recorded weekly.eemawthfoyeethafeeeshoothsha_efawoyshtheesooawsmawtha_esoyoofame
7 Phonemic Awareness & GP Correspondences Phase A: 50 lessonsPhonemic Awareness & GP CorrespondencesMastery - decoding syllables (CV ->VC ->CVC)Text reading & Comprehension, & vocabularyPhase B: 30 lessonsAlt. Spell. of vowel sounds (e.g., ai & ay), consonant blends, & decoding of 2 syllable words.WRITING component beginsPhase C: 25 lessonsDecoding 3 + syllable words,morphemes (e.g., ed, ing) & letter clusters (e.g., common, irregularly pronounced -tion, -sion, -cian, and –tian all sound like “/shun/”)
8 Participants N= 136 at 0 and 40hrs of intervention; N =80 at 80 hrs…. MEAN AgeRangeInitialWord Rec.M=100Initial FluencyAge GroupYoung7, 75, 6 -8,683.23.85Middle9, 88,7 -10,93.78Older12,1010,11 -16, 479.883.63N= 136 at 0 and 40hrs of intervention;N =80 at 80 hrs….N=52 at 120 hrs….
14 Summary All age groups improved significantly & meaningfully Overall, age groups did not differ in their rate of improvement across measuresMean scores on word attack & identification & comprehension came into the solidly average range, as well as scores on reading sub skillsAll groups made reliable and meaningful gains in fluency standard scoresSpellRead data from the Halifax Learning Centre compares favorably to even the best programs reported in the research, even for children & skills that have been resistant to change in other studies
15 What does this mean for individual children What does this mean for individual children? Take a look at repeated assessment results for 2 children. Julia is a SpellRead student. Her results are shown for 1 year of the SpellRead program (Julia continued the program past this point toward increasing fluency) John received on and off resource room support at his local school over a period of more than 4 years.
16 Julia grade 2.5 3.0 3.5 Sub Skills % correct Jan. (0) Aug (6) Jan (12) PhonologicalAwarenessBlending42%75%92%Segmenting13%71%88%Letter-SoundVowels44%94%100%Consonants77%Spell- CVC0%87%Stan. Rdg TestsG.E.(grade equiv).Decoding1,32,53,7Word Rdg1,82,13,2Fluency<1.01,01,2Comp5,0Spelling1,52,23,1Fluency….