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Mock junit framework uses pre- populated mock java objects instead of live database connection for executing the unit test cases.

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Presentation on theme: "Mock junit framework uses pre- populated mock java objects instead of live database connection for executing the unit test cases."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Mock junit framework uses pre- populated mock java objects instead of live database connection for executing the unit test cases.

3 The service Layer invokes the DAO layer for getting data from the Database. The DAO pulls data from Database and constructs objects and returns it to Service Objects. Service LayerDAO Layer DataBas e

4 public interface StockItemCountService { public int getStockItemCount(String warehouseCode); …………………… } public class StockItemCountServiceImpl implements StockItemCountService { private StockItemCountDao stockItemCountDao; } public void setStockItemCountDao(StockItemCountDao stockItemCountDao) { this.stockItemCountDao = stockItemCountDao; public StockCount getStockItemCountData(StockCount data){ return stockItemCountDao.getStockItemCountData(data); Service Interface Service Implementati on This dao is a dependency of the service Object. At runtime spring injects a DAO implementation depending upon the spring XML files.

5 The following is an excerpt from spring-beans.xml injecting a DAO implementation. DAO dependency injection

6 The service Layer invokes the DAO layer for getting data from the Database. The DAO instead of pulling data from Database it pulls data from property files using Fixture objects. The service layer remains the same in both the cases. only the Service LayerDAO Layer Object Fixtures

7 All the testcases should be a subclass of org.kuali.ext.mm.sys.context.KualiMockTestBase. public class StockItemCountServiceImplTest extends KualiMockTestBase { private org.kuali.ext.mm.service.StockItemCountService serviceObject; @Before public void setUp() throws Exception { serviceObject = (org.kuali.ext.mm.service.StockItemCountService) SpringContext. getBean(StockItemCountServiceImpl. class); } In the setup() method get the service object to be unit tested from the spring context.

8 Create a DAO object in test folder using the same package structure of its corresponding DAO in src folder(both the DAOs should implement the same DAO interface). In your testcase prepare the input data object (data object to be passed to the service layer) and output data object (data object that would be returned from the DAO layer if it connects to the database)

9 If a new DAO or service is to be tested then corresponding entries should be made in mm-dev\src\conf\project\spring-mm- test.xml. Service entry should be same for test and src TestDAOs are injected instead of Real DAOs

10 Populate the test DAO cache with the prepared output Data Object. If the service layer invokes multiple DAOs then caches of all the corresponding test DAOs need to be populated with the output data object. Invoke the testcase.

11 public class xxxDAO implements IxxxDAO{ protected cache Map public void addData(Object data){ cache.add(data.getId(), data); } public void clear(){ cache.clear() } ……… DAO interface methods implementation } Cache contains data object keyed by Id of the object. DAO interface implementations using cache for data instead of database Method for adding data to cache. Common interface for both mock and database DAOs.

12 public class xxxTestCase extends KualiTestBase{ StockCount inputData = prepareStockCountData(); StockCount outputData = prepareStockCountData(); inputData.setBeforeItemQty( new KualiDecimal("1")); outputData.setStockCountItemQty( new KualiDecimal("1")); org.kuali.ext.mm.dataaccess.impl.TestStockItemCountDaoOjb dao = new org.kuali.ext.mm.dataaccess.impl.TestStockItemCountDaoOjb(); dao.clear(); dao.addStockData(outputData); serviceObject.updateStockItemCountStatus(inputData); StockCount iinputData = serviceObject.getStockItemCountData(inputData); assertEquals("Correct Code", iinputData.getStockTransReasonCd(),TestConstants.STOCK_TRANS_REASON_CODE_GOOD); Input and output data objects are prepared. Invoke the service layer methods with the prepared input data Populate the cache of the DAO with the prepared output data.

13 There two ways of constructing Data Objects for input and output. Automatically construct the Object using Fixture objects which pull data from property files. Manually creating object and populating it using its constructor or setter methods.

14 Provide a private method in your testcase for creating the test data object and invoke it for getting the data. Private StockCount prepareStockCount(){ StockCount aStockCount = new StockCount(); aStockCount.setId(hfjdf); ………………… return aStockCount; }

15 public enum StockItemCountFixture { STOCKITEMCOUNT(1), STOCKITEMCOUNT1(2), STOCKITEMCOUNT2(3), STOCKITEMCOUNT3(4); private int testDataPos; String propertiesFileName = "org/kuali/ext/mm/service/data/stock_item_count_service.properties"; properties.load(ClassLoader.getSystemResourceAsStream(propertiesFileName)); private StockItemCountFixture(int dataPos) { this.testDataPos = dataPos; } public StockCount newStockCount() { String propertyKey = "stockCount.testData" + testDataPos; String deliminator = properties.getProperty("deliminator"); String fieldNames = properties.getProperty("stockCount.fieldNames"); StockCount stockCountData = TestDataPreparator. buildTestDataObject(StockCount. class, properties, propertyKey, fieldNames, deliminator); return stockCountData; }

16 Advantages of Mock Objects Doesnt need expensive database connections for running the test cases Test case execution will be very fast and easy as there is no database connection. Test cases are independent of changes in database tables. Test cases can be executed anywhere at anytime.

17 Disadvantages of Mock Objects Since database is not used, we cant implement test cases for database (transaction) and OJB (persistence APIs) layer properties. Requires coding of DAOs with cache of objects. Requires a very good understanding of data model and the service layer.


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