Presentation on theme: "1 2 A Call for New Transportation License Test Reforms Sandy H. Straus ESRA Consulting Corporation to The Department of Transportation Washington, D.C."— Presentation transcript:
4 Notice is hereby provided that a patent application has been filed on one or more of the systems and methods described herein. Notice is hereby provided that ESRA may be involved in development and/ or marketing of products in the systems and/ or methods described herein. In the event that consideration is given to any component in the system described herein in which ESRA may have a marketing arrangement or other involvement, at the time of such consideration, full disclosure will made.
5 OUTLINE Goal Motivation Objective Methodologies Visual Acuity, Vision ESRA DAT and ESRA DVAT Driving simulators Relative Accident Involvement Ratio Bathtub curves Recommendations Conclusions
6 GOAL To develop an efficient balance between safety and security to ensure the utmost quality of our nations transportation infrastructure.
7 Inadequate and inaccurate current license testing technologies. No comprehensive license testing methods exist in other transport sectors. MOTIVATION
10 None of the vision testing equipment currently in use: screen licensees for vision and cognition problems. promote road safety. reduce collisions, injuries, and fatalities. CURRENT STATE OF THE ART Photo modified from
18 antiquated 1937 visual standards report approved by the American Medical Association. widespread implementations and modifications of the Snellen Eye Chart of the 1860s. Current MVD Vision Standards:
29 ESRA DVAT and DAT cost-effective. objective. environmentally friendly. long line reductions.
30 We used RAIR to quantify millions of collisions among Arizona and Florida drivers of all ages through databases of two-vehicle accidents. RELATIVE ACCIDENT INVOLVEMENT RATIO Photo modified from
31 (D1 i,j /ΣΣD1 i,j ) RAIR i,j=___________ (D2 i,j /ΣΣD2 i,j ) Where: i = type of drivers; j = type of conditions D1 i,j = number of at-fault drivers of driver type i for type j conditions. D2 i,j = number of not-at-fault drivers of driver type i for type j conditions. RAIR CALCULATION Photo modified from
32 RAIR Age 80 to 89 years most likely at-fault in collisions compared to all other age cohorts. RAIR Ages 50 to 59 years most likely at-fault in environmental factors and manner of collisions. RAIR CONCLUSIONS Photo modified from
33 These results are consistent among drivers cited for collision involvement due to visual defects. RAIR VISUAL DEFECT CONCLUSIONS Photo modified from
34 Drivers ages 80 to 89 years are about twice as likely to be at-fault when compared to the cohorts ages 16 to 19 years in several categories of collisions. RAIR OLDER DRIVER CONCLUSIONS Photo modified from
35 We find that many of our results follow reliability engineering principles based on bathtub curves. RAIR BATHTUB CURVE CONCLUSIONS Photo modified from
38 Develop a new vision standard for drivers license issuance and renewal. VISION STANDARD RECOMMENDATION
39 Ensure that the ESRA DAT or ESRA DVAT system provides: instant scoring. short and effective on-site testing. score reports linked by network. bilingual capabilities. RECOMMENDATION
40 ADDITIONAL FEATURES RECOMMENDATION The ESRA DVAT, and ESRA DAT can incorporate other features: biometrics, automated written tests, and/ or cognition skills tests.
41 MEDICAL RECOMMENDATION Combine forces with medical agencies and officials, as well as other transport licensing bureaus, on developing a method of assessing scores submitted through the ESRA DAT and ESRA DVAT Systems.
42 Shorten the periods between drivers license issuance and renewal for vision testing, in particular for: LICENSE TESTING RECOMMENDATION
43 Drivers age years (every two years). Drivers age years (every two years). Drivers age 70 years and over (every one year). All other drivers (every four years). TESTING RECOMMENDATIONS
46 FEDERAL VISUAL STANDARD RECOMMENDATION Federal visual standards would also eliminate those who may not visually or cognitively qualify for a license in one state from obtaining a license in another state.
48 New vision screening methodologies and standards are now needed to: promote safety, predict visual impairment, and evaluate possible restriction or confiscation of transportation licenses. CONCLUSIONS
49 Self-assessment tools, education courses, and, e.g., driving skill programs can only complement the new ESRA transportation license test designs and reforms. CONCLUSIONS
51 These ESRA systems and procedures may also reduce the incidence of fraud as these relate to license issuances such as hazardous materials transport. HAZMAT CONCLUSION
52 The ESRA DAT may be the first of its kind in any transportation agency in the world to implement the most sophisticated technology available. ESRA DAT CONCLUSIONS
53 New policies are now needed at the federal and state levels to immediately implement transportation license test designs and reforms as envisaged by ESRA. FINAL CONCLUSION
54 Please refer to the ESRA reports, SPR 559: New, Improved, Comprehensive, and Automated Driver's License Test and Vision Screening System FHWA-AZ (1) for further information, including the safety and research of these products and others. These reports are downloadable at:
55 With special thanks to: Arizona Transportation Research Center Arizona Department of Transportation Arizona Department of Motor Vehicles United States Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration Florida Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles
56 Royal Palm Towers 1650 South Dixie Highway, Third Floor Boca Raton, Florida USA Telephone: ( 5 6 1) –