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The Tablet Revolution – or iPads in the Courtroom Fred Lederer, Chancellor Professor of Law & Director, CLCT, William & Mary School of Law.

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Presentation on theme: "The Tablet Revolution – or iPads in the Courtroom Fred Lederer, Chancellor Professor of Law & Director, CLCT, William & Mary School of Law."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Tablet Revolution – or iPads in the Courtroom Fred Lederer, Chancellor Professor of Law & Director, CLCT, William & Mary School of Law

2 The ideal computing device?

3 Probably not – Image is too small and controls arent versatile enough (unless you use voice, which would not always be feasible) – But, its coming. See Harry McCracken, Dick Tracys Watch: The Most Indestructible Meme in Tech Journalism tracys-watch-the-most-indestructible-meme-in-tech- journalism/ (February 13, 2013) reporting that according to the NY Times, Apple is experimenting with a smart watch).http://techland.time.com/2013/02/11/dick- tracys-watch-the-most-indestructible-meme-in-tech- journalism/

4 Features Highly portable – small and light EASY Large enough to do work or read documents and books Multi-media capable Relatively inexpensive Maybe even fun Data/programs available on multiple devices

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6 E.g., the iPad – or a competitor Lest we forget, the iPad was launched in January, Apple sold 20 million in the first year. Felix Richter, iPad - statistics and facts,

7 E.g., the iPad – or a competitor In 2013, 150 million tablets will ship – an increase of 38% over 2012; iPad has 60% of the market ABI Research, see Doug Drinkwater, Looks like Samsung will need to build a new OS if it wants to catch the iPad, research/2013/04/12/looks-samsung-will-need-build-new-os-if-it-wants-catch-ipad

8 Gartner expects tablet sales to grow from million units in 2011 to million in Felix Richter, iPad - statistics and facts,

9 iPad Approximately 88,000 of the iPads sold between April and June of 2011 were purchased by lawyers. These numbers are likely overstated, but given that there are about 1.3 million lawyers with active licenses, this figure suggests that about 7% of practicing lawyers purchased iPads during from April to June of 2011.

10 Lawyers with 91 percent of those lawyers who use tablet devices opting for the iPad. Of the remaining lawyers who own tablets, the vast majority chose an Android device. Nicole Black, iPad Statistics, Resources, and Apps for Lawyers (July, 2012), https://www.mycase.com/blog/2012/07/lawyers-love-their-ipads/

11 2012 ABA Tech Survey In 2011, 15% of attorneys reported using a tablet device for law-related tasks, and 13% of that 15% were iPad users. In 2012, this number more than doubled. 33% of all attorneys now report using a tablet device for law-related tasks. 91% of that 33% are using an iPad, so that means that about 30% of all attorneys now use an iPad. (For the 3% of attorneys who use a non-iPad tablet device, virtually all of them report using an Android device.) survey-reveals-surge-in-lawyer-iphone-ipad-use.html

12 2012 ABA Tech Survey Over 80% are regularly using an iPad to read and use the Internet, and almost everyone else reports doing so occasionally. Over half regularly use their iPads to work with their contacts and calendars, about another 25% do so occasionally. About a third regularly use iPad research apps lawyer-iphone-ipad-use.html

13 Judicial use Apparently large What would a judge want to access? – Everything!

14 How many of you have tablets Why?

15 iPads arent technology

16 2012 Trial apps – per Nicole Blacks article Deposition and transcript apps: – TranscriptPad ($49.99) (iPad) TranscriptPad – ExhibitView ($29.99) (iPad) ExhibitView – Mobile Transcript (free) (iPhone, iPad, Android, BlackBerry) Mobile Transcript – The Deponent App ($9.99) (iPhone, iPad) The Deponent App

17 2012 Trial apps – per Nicole Blacks article Jury selection – JuryTracker ($4.99) (iPad) JuryTracker – iJuror ($9.99) (iPad) iJuror – iJury ($14.99) (iPad) iJury – Jury Duty ($39.99) (iPad) Jury Duty – iTestimony ($9.99) (iPad) iTestimony – JuryStar ($39.99) (iPad) JuryStar

18 2012 Trial apps – per Nicole Blacks article Trial presentation apps: – TrialPad ($89.99) TrialPad – RLTC Evidence ($4.99) (iPad) RLTC Evidence – Exhibit A ($9.99) (iPad) Exhibit A – Now Trial Director as well

19 Court record FTR now provides iPad control of a multi- faceted application.

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22 OR, tablet computers But larger and with far fewer apps

23 Jury monitors A growing interest At least one experiment – in Australia Is this a good idea? – Theft? – Data/app security

24 Questions? How to connect in the courtroom? What will be the long term effect in the courthouse and elsewhere (left to later today) What are the technical support – including compatibility and security -issues from the IT side?

25 Use in the courtroom Place the tablet under a document camera. – Awkward with significant glare possibilities, but it can work. Connect it to the distribution network. – But how and with make consequences? – iPads are problematic

26 iPad connections Were intentionally made difficult by Apple. Wireless connections but not wired. Audio output but not video No USB connection

27 The Apple TV option

28 The Apple TV and the iPad are registered via iTunes on a PC The iPad communicates with the Apple TV via Wi-Fi (the Bonjour protocol). The Apple TV can be connected to the courtroom video distribution network via HDMI.

29 The Apple TV option Not available on iPad 1 and iPhone 4 and prior iPhone models

30 The Apple TV option Ordinarily, no more than 5 iPads can be connected to the Apple TV.

31 The Apple TV option Security issues – There is simple password protection but NOT enterprise level – Its possible for other Apple devices to connect to the Apple TV and unintentionally display, especially if they have been previously connected. One password works for everything. – Potentially, counsel would have access to the courthouse network

32 Apple TV Option 2 Connect the Apple TV to a computer, enable the mirroring feature on the iPad and the computer and then connect the computer to the distribution network.

33 AirPlay AirPlay allows later edition iPads and iPhones to stream media AirPlay allows iPads and iPhone to communicate with a PC which can be connected to the courtroom AV distribution system.

34 Advantages If you use a PC/Mac server: – The 5 device limit doesnt apply – Each individual device is registered separate and can be turned on or off at the PC E.g., the judges iPhone isnt allowed to connect to the courtroom display system – Higher level security is available.

35 Disadvantages Greater cost – you need the MAC or PC More technical complexity

36 Trial App demonstration

37 Reflections on tablet use Where is the underlying data? – On Dropbox or another cloud server? – How secure is it?

38 Reflections on tablet use What are the consequences of ever increasing device usage? – For court operations? – For technical support?


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